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VOL, 19 JANUARY, 1972 NO. 1 

"Dearly beloved, ! beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Another year is dawning, 

Dear Father, let it be, 
In working or in waiting, 

Another year with Thee; 
Another year of progress, 

Another year of praise, 
Another year of proving 

Thy presence all the days; 

Another year of mercies, 

Of faithfulness and grace, 
Another year of gladness 

The glory of Thy face; 
Another year of leaning 

Upon Thy loving breast, 
Another year of trusting, 

Of quiet, happy rest, 

Another year of service, 

Of witness for Thy love, 
Another year of training 

For holier work above. 
Another year is dawning, 

Dear Father, let it be, 
On earth, or else in heaven, 

Another year for Thee. 

—Frances R. Havergal, 1836-1879 

"THE PILGRIM is a religious megezine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


Each year we mark the beginning of a new year on 
January first. The beginning of a new year seems to 
be a natural time to reflect on what has gone on in 
the past and what we face in the future. Sometimes 
we wish the past had been different or that we had done 
differently in a particular situation. At times such 
as this we may look to the future and resolve that we 
will change certain ways in which we act. Those of us 
who have been blessed with good health, both young and 
old , often make plans for the future , sometimes for 
years ahead. One thing we must always keep in mind, 
however, is that we have no assurance that we have 
much time left. For each of us there will be a point 
in our lives when there will be .just one more day . 

Suppose you were to have your future revealed to yo>*~ 
and to your surprise you had just one more day to live. 
How would you react? Would you change your plans for 
that day because of unfinished business? Probably each 
of us would make some changes in what we had planned, 
but hopefully we would not suddenly come to the reali- 
zation that the biggest item of unfinished business in 
our life was our relationship with God and the Lord 
Jesus Christ. There may be many things around our home 
or at work that could be left unfinished, but not one 
of us can afford to face eternity without a close re- 
lationship with Christ. Once we leave this life the 
time will be past for accepting the salvation which 
Jesus has freely offered to us. "For the wages of 
sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life 
through Jesus Christ our Lord." (Romans 6:23) 

There are two reasons why we must live each day as 
though we had only one left to live. The first is 
obvious to all men: mankind is under a sentence of 
death. This sentence hangs over us like a sharp sword 


hanging by a slender thread. Think for a moment wha.t . 
dangers we face each day as we go about our appointed 
tasks in life. Remember too that, even though we are 
wonderfully made, our bodies are extremely frail. We 
can not know about many things that could happen inside 
our bodies whi<3h could change our -entire way of life. 
Such malfunctions can even bring about sudden unexpec- 
ted death. Now I would not recommend, that anyone 
should worry about what could happen,, . but rather should 
be aware that such things are possible. Therefore we 
should live so that our soul T s security is never in 
doubt. The secret of living in this manner is a daily 
walk with the Lord — a close personal relationship. 

A second reason for living close to God each day is 
knovnonly to Christians. This is the certainty that 
Christ will come again to earth. When, we cannot say; 
but we do know this coming is a day closer. with each 
passing day. There are those who would tell. us that 
Christ cannot come until certain things come to pass. 
They may be right, but one should never postpone a . 
decision for Christ on this basis for once again there 
is no assurance that he will live long enough "to be 
ready 11 to follow Christ. 

It would seem that the Apostle Paul was not. looking 
for Christ to come In the far distant future, but at 
any moment. To be sure he wrote "Let no man deceive 
you by any means: for that day shall not come, except 
there come a falling away first, and that man of .sin 
be revealed, the son of perdition,.." (II Theasalonians 
2r3) However, he also said, "For the mystery of ini- 
quity doth already work..." (II Thessalonians 2:7) 
Concerning the coming of Jesus,- Paul also tells us, 
"For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that 
we which are alive and remain unto the coming of.. the 
Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. For the 
Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout 
with the voice of the archangel, and , with the trump 
of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then 
we which are alive and remain shall be caught up to- 
gether with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in 


the air j and so shall we ever be with the Lord." 

(I Thessalonians 4:15-17). ' If Paul was looking for the 

return of the. Lord, how much more should we be ready. 

Today there are, those who would tell Us that Christ 
was a good man who taught us how to live together in 
peace and harmony. However, they would deny that Ghrist 
is the Son of God or that He is coming again. Some 
who call themselves Christians feel that the good news 
is a "social gospel" but deny Christ's second coming 
as a real event in the future. Peter foresaw this 
and said, "Knowing this first, that there shall come 
in the last days scoffers, walking after their own 
lusts , and saying, Where is the promise of his coming? 
(II Peter 3:3,4) It would be well to read this whole 
chapter for it concerns Christ's coming to judgement. 
In it Peter says, "The Lord is not slack concerning 
his promise," (II Peter 3:9) and "the day of the Lord 
will come as a thief in the night," (II Peter 3:10) 
In instructing Timothy, Paul gives much good information 
but I Timothy 4:1-7 and II Timothy 3:1-9 deal especially 
with the last time. ^ 

Jesus Himself has told us some of the signs which 
will preceed His return. Those who are interested in 
His second coming have no doubt read many times Matthew 
24 and Luke 21. 

Bearing in mind the fact that our time on earth is 
short, what are we doing about our salvation? What 
have we done to spread the good news of salvation to 
others?. Just suppose that we have only one more day 
for a moment: 

One more day to read the Bible . . . 

One more day to pray... 

One more day to spread the gospel... 

One more day to walk with Jesus... 
or: Just another day to waste! 

The time, on earth which we have is one of our most 
precious assets* What we do with it may have a pro- 
found effect on our eternal life and that of others. 
What will you be doing tomorrow? 

— Glen W, Shirk, M.D. 
Stockton, California 



"For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for 
it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that 
believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek, 
For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from 
faith to faith: as it is written , The just shall live 
bv faith." (Romans 1:16,17). 

In the closing comment of these two verses, we have 
a sublime outlook: our course, our journey through this 
life vividly begun, upheld through life, and waiting at 
our journey's end — faith. The entire Christian venture 
has this great power and virtue woven and enhanced all 
along life's journey. No one can travel long or be 
successful in the journey In life to life beyond with- 
out this divine, God-given principle. 

At the beginning of our walk with God, do we not 
read: "For without faith it is impossible to please 
him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, 
and that he is a rewarder of all them that diligently 
seek him." (Hebrews 11:6.) So indeed we start "from 
faith," and what a wonderful start it is I 

Faith cleans up all the past rubbish of our lives, 
for it puts us on the right track, even as we read of 
the prodigal son, deep in sin, away from his father's 
house, his goods all wasted, and in a manner living 
with beings that, had nothing to offer him but "husks." 
His faith began in the time of his want. "I will arise 
and go to my father, and will say unto him, Father I 
have sinned against heaven, and before thee, and am no 
more worthy to be called thy son; make me as one of 
thy hired servants." (Luke 15:18,19) He had faith his 
father would forgive him, and so it proved. His father 
loved his wayward son, went to meet him when he saw 
him coming, stopped him before he made his request 
after confession, by embracing him, and joyfully for- 
gave him all. 

We also in like conditions have encouragement for 
we read, "Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to 
you.' 1 (James 4:8) 


So it has been the blessed experience, to start with 
fatWi drawing nearer and nearer to God, for He also 
sees us coming, and comes to meet us. He also gives us 
these words: "Jesus answered and said unto him, If a 
man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will 
love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode 
with him J' (John 14:23) 

This is part of the Christians walk on the way to 
glory, and faith goes along for we read: "For we walk 
by faith, not by sight." ((II Corinthians 5:7) 

for the vision faith can give 

Exceeds our natural seeing; 
Quickens in us the way to live 

And shows of our well-being. 

By trusting in the living Word 

To follow Christ our Saviour 
And keeping near our living Lord 

To gain His gracious favor. 

And so onward through life we go, and faith opens 
up the way step by step— our very life depends on this " 
divine principle for, the last part of our text reads: 
"The just shall live by faith." How wonderful is this 
renewing reviewing in our daily life, opening up to us 
the way to glory, projecting far into the future, en- 
livening in us the promises of God by pointing to God's 
Holy V'ord. By this divine principle is opened up the 
grand opportunity to use all the Christian graces, and 
so wonderfully combining faith, hope and charity 

"We hope for that we see not," and love so amazingly 
motivates faith as we read: "faith which worketh by 
love." (Galatians 5:6) Here we have the ultimate of 
faith to work in the believers as we read: "Seest thou 
how faith wrought with his works, and by works was 
faith made perfect ? (James 2:22) Ah yes, faith works 
by love , and we can have perfect faith that we will at 
last be joined together with the mighty power of God, 
that it is God which worketh in you, both to will, and 
to do of His good pleasure , (Philippians 2:13) 


Life becomes nearer heaven- when we have also the . 
purifying hope within us. (I John 3:3) Perfect faith, 
purifying hope and perfect love* 

So time becomes vivid to us as we journey on under 
the blessings of God who also has assured us by the 
wonderful experience of His own — His loved ones. At 
the beginning, one of them said: "And we know that all 
things work together for good to them that love God, 
to them who are the called according to his purpose. 11 
(Romans 8:28) 

Travel indeed becomes a pleasure in these beautiful 
surroundings, with each step forward, nearing the close 
of life, nearing perfection, when all that annoys, , • 
destroys and obstructs will vanish in the perfect 
eternal day. 

So xcLth these and other wonderful aids and the gui- 
dance of the Holy Spirit, we can be ready to live, 
ready to die. "Whether we live therefore, or die, we 
are the Lord f s." (Romans 1A:8) So nearing the end of 
life's journey we come to the end of the way; there 
stands faith, pointing beyond the river to the Happy 
Land! From faith to faith! 

From faith to faith, the living, way, 

The way of onward going; 
Begin with faith at starting day, 

And so begin our knowing. 

From faith to faith by pressing on 

The pathway shining clearer, 
We. go from darkness to the dawn, 

And daily drawing nearer. 

We walk by faith, and not by sight, 

Light to each step revealing; 
As we press onward for the right, 

We have the "presence" feeling ♦. ■■ 

A guiding hand to pointing Star, 

Baystar in heart arising, 
Behold the promised land afar, 

The prospect journey sizing. 

Faith bears us on, explores the road 
To distant prospects viewing; 


Adjusts the weight of heavy load, 
By constant strength renewing. 

And as we come to River wide. 

We come to faith bystanding; 
Pointing beyond the swelling tide 
To Canaan T s happy landing. 


Another year has passed and again we are reminded that 
time does not wait; it ever moves on in the direction of 
Eternity. How we waste it or save it is up to us. An 
old man once said, "I wasted time and now it doth waste 
me." The wise man Solomon wrote , "Remember now thy Cre- 
ator in the days of thy youth, while the evil days come 
not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou shalt say, I 
have no pleasure in them. 1 ' But how easy it Is to waste" 
time — to put off till later the things that we know are 
best for us. "Procrastination is the thief of time." 

One of the greatest tragedies in recent history was 
so because of the wasting of vital time. This was the ^ 
sinking of the great Titanic on her maiden voyage from 
Southampton to New York. The huge ocean liner was 
882| feet long and had a displacement of 66,000 tonsl 
It could carry 3000 passengers — the biggest, safest 
ship of its time. On the Sunday night of April 14 } 
1912 the Titanic was plowing through Ice cold water on 
a northern route across the Atlantic. It was carrying 
2208 passengers — many of them wealthy — from England, 
the United States and other countries. They were 
travelling through ice berg-littered waters, but what 
did that matter? The Titanic was unsinkable. One 
crewman had remarked to a passenger, "God Himself could 
not sink this shipl" 

At 11:40 on. Sunday night, the Titanic struck a huge 
iceberg that tore a 300 foot gash in her side and 
opened the first six watertight compartments. Two 
hours and forty minutes later she sank and 1503 of the 
2208 people aboard drowned. Only 705 survived. 


One great mistake was made in supplying only twenty 
lifeboats capable of carrying just 1178 passengers . 
But perhaps a sadder mistake was the failure of many 
to accept the fact that the ship was sinking. The huge 
ship seemed so much safer than the small lifeboats that 
many refused the only means of escape and slowed the 
evacuation process. Consequently the lifeboats were 
launched with little more than half the number of 
people they were made to carry. They wasted their 
vital time and many (nearly all those left on the ship) 
perished in the icy water. 

On the other hand, when the people realized the ship 
was sinking for sure and that the last few lifeboats 
were leaving and were the only way of escape, they 
rushed to fill the boats. The crew had to bodily re- 
move some and threaten others to allow the women and 
children to escape first. 

We too are on a sinking ship. God has pronounced a 
sentence of doom on this world. "The world passeth 
away and the lusts thereof... 11 "But the day of the 
Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which 
the heavens shall pass away with a loud noise, and the 
elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also 
and the works that are therein shall be burned up. H 
(II Peter 3:10) We must flee for refuge to the Rock 
of Ages and urge others there also. We cannot afford 
to be Involved and attatched to something that Is not 
safe and lasting. Today many are trusting lodges and 
clubs with their "good works" outside of Christ. They 
are trusting science and education that profess to 
know more than God's Word. They trust in the vain 
reasoning that "a million people can't be wrong." But 
the Bible says, "...Yea, let God be true, but every man 
a liar..." (Romans 3:4) When this world goes down, 
there is no salvation outside of the Lord Jesus Christ. 

Peter r s letter continues, "Seeing then that all 
these things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons 
ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness, 
Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of 
God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dis- 


salved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? 
Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for 
new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth right- 
eousness, " The way of deliverance is clear. The Lord 
Jesus Christ says n Come unto me... 11 

But in 1972 we find ourselves in the midst of wealth 
and complacency, as were the travellers on the Titanic. 
The world looks pretty solid, and perhaps the way of 
the cross looks risky to some and like too much trouble 
to others. But. now is the time to act. 1972 is the 
present and our time of opportunity. Let us not delay 
to make our calling and election sure. And let us 
urge others, too, to flee to Jesus Christ for refuge 
and safety. There Is no time to waste. "Behold, now 
is the accepted time; behold now is the dav of salva- 
tion. " "Today if ye will hear his voice, harden not 
your hearts." — L.C. 



My greatest loss... To lose my soul. 

My greatest gain. . .Christ my Saviour.. 

My greatest object.. .To glorify God. 

My greatest prize... A crown of glory. 

My greatest work. . .To win souls for Christ. 

My greatest joy. ..The joy of God's salvation. 

My greatest inheritance, , .Heaven and its glories. 

My greatest victory. . .Over death through Christ. 

My greatest neglect... To neglect so great salvation. 

My greatest crime... To reject Christ, the only Saviour. 

My greatest privilege .. .Power to become a son of God. 

Ky greatest bargain . . . The loss of all things to win 

My- greatest profit. . .Godliness in this life and that to 

My greatest peace... The peace that passeth understanding. 
My greatest knowledge. V-i To know God in Jesus Christ whom 

He hath sent . 

Selected by Leona Miller 




Simon Peter is one of the strongest and most color- 
ful characters in the New Testament, He was the author 
of both the epistles which bear his name. 

Peter was like some of us; he spoke before he thought. 
But often his statements made on the spur of the moment 
were correct and wonderful. How it must have thrilled 
Christ to hear Peter say, "Thou art the Christ, the 
Son of the living God J' Of course, Christ 1 s reply- 
states that Peter was speaking under the inspiration 
of God, Christ also indicates that this statement is 
the rock on which Christ builds His Church. 

Peter was one of the eyewitnesses of Jesus' trans- 
figuration which he brings out in his second epistle, 
verses 16, I 47 and 18 of the first chapter. Then after 
all this, how he could deny his Master and swear that 
he did not even know Him is difficult to understand. 
However, after Christ's resurrection, Peter was a 
changed man. He did not let his awful denial keep him 
from becoming a fearless and great leader. And yet he 
made one mistake on which it was necessary for Paul to 
rebuke him. (Galatians 2; 12-16) 

The two books written by Peter were written while he 
was a prisoner in Rome at the same time Paul was a . 
prisoner there in A.D. 64. This is indicated by Peter's 
use of the word "Babylon" which was the name for Rome 
used by the apostles. Here he no doubt suffered cruci- 
fixion or at least was martyred by Nero as was also 
Paul and many other Christians. 

The lesson we learn from Peter is: though we make 
mistakes and sin we can still confess and receive par- 
don from God and go on with a firm faith and determina- 
tion to, "Grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our 
Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory both 
now and forever, Amen." (II Peter 3:18) 

— Guy Hootman 

Salida, California 



For a series of historical articles we have chosen 
selections from "Letters From Bible Lands" by D. L* 
Miller, He was a preacher in the Brethren Church who 
travelled in 1883 and 1884 and wrote descriptive letters 
back to his friends at home. In reading this series, 
bear in mind that it was written nearly 100 years ago 
so populations and political situations may not be 
up to date. — L.C. 


The modern city of Athens is as well built as many 
European cities, but the old part of the town is crowded 
with squalid buildings, and the streets are narrow, dir- 
ty, and sinuous. It has a population of about 65,000 
souls, composed of Greeks, Albanians and Cretans... 

In the new part of the city are to be found some,, very 
fine buildings, and one among the finest is that of Dr. 
Schliemann, the eminent archaeologist, who obtained gre^^ 
renown, and at the same time an immense fortune by un- 
earthing the ancient city of Troy. His house is very 
large, and is built of fine white marble, decorated with 
many pieces of statuary of the same material. A fine, 
large museum nearby contains the many specimens of an- 
tiquity discovered by the Doctor. Many of them are 
said to be four thousand years old. 

But the city of Athens owes its greatest importance 
and chief charm to the prominent place it holds In the 
history of Ancient Greece. It is surrounded by many 
ruins of its former greatness, which have been the won- 
der and admiration of all who have seen them for cen- 
turies past. It has also a further, and more special 
interest, aside from its ruins, to every Christian, as 
being one among the ancient cities visited by the apos- 
tle Paul in his extended missionary work. Here upon 
Mars 1 Hill, the great apostle of the Gentiles preached 
to the Athenians, one of the boldest sermons on record. 

Before describing this, however, we will look at 
some of the ancient ruins. The first place visited if 


called the Stadium, Here the ancient Greeks celebrated 
the Olympic games, consisting in part of wrestling, 
trials of strength, jumping, and running foot-races, 
etc. It is undoubtedly to these races of the Greeks 
that Paul refers in I Cor, 9:24-27. The form and size 
of the Stadium may be understood, by supposing that an 
abrupt hill rising on a level plain to the height of 
fifty feet, had carried into it an opening, or excava- 
tion, on a level with the plain, 650 feet long and 106 
feet wide* This opening was partially natural, but for 
the most part had to be dug out. The hills, in the 
shape of an elliptic, sloping upward and backward from 
the race-course of the above dimensions, were covered 
with tiers of marble seats, and were numerous enough 
to accommodate 50,000 spectators; whilst in the. large 
arena below the games took place. 

This place was founded by Lycurgus, 350 years. before 
Christ. Some of the marble used for seats is still to 
be seen, but the most of it has been burned into lime, 
and used in the construction of modern Athens. 
,-. The next place visited was the ruins of the temple 

of Jupiter Olympus. This was one of the largest and 
finest of the old Greek temples. When in a perfect 
state, it was 380 feet long and 184 feet wide, and was 
surrounded by 120 Corinthian columns, each 64 feet., high 
and 7i feet in diameter, all constructed of the finest 
white marble, It was commenced by Antiochus, King of 
Syria, 174 B.C., and completed by Hadrian, AvB* 135* 
Of this old temple, there are only remaining now,, six- 
teen of the marble columns to mark the place of its 
former magnificence. One of these was thrown down by 
a gale in 1852, and one can form a better idea of the 
immense mass of stone as it lies on the ground, 64 feet 
long, and lr v feet high. In this temple, Jupiter or 
Zeus, the principal god of the Greeks was worshiped. 

Leaving the temple of Jupiter Olympus, we pass- 
through Hadrian's arch or gate-way, construqted ip the 
second century of the Christian era, in honor of the 
Roman Emperor. It is 23 feet wide and 64 feet high and 
also built of marble* The Acropolis, however, is the 
^ most interesting place for ancient ruins* It is sit- 

14* ;-.' THE PILGRIM 

uated on a rocky hill which rises abruptly to the height' 
of 150 feet out of the plain on which the ancient city 
stood. It was used as a citadel or fort and also con- 
tained many temples erected in honor of the favorite 
gods of the Athenians. 

The platform on the summit of the hill is surrounded 
by walls built on the edge of the perpendicular rock, 
forming a circuit of nearly 7>000 feet. These walls. 
are of great antiquity. Passing along the carriage 
road in order to reach the height, we see the ruins of 
two theatres. These have been recently excavated. The 
marble chairs used by the high priests are in a good 
state of preservation, each one having the name of its 
occupant inscribed upon it. The seats are arranged in 
a semi-circular form, tier after tier rising up -the 
hill-side. The seats are all made of marble and were 
numerous enough to seat 30,000 people. The ancient 
Athenians were evidently much given to amusements. 

In Acts 18:21 is to be found a slight reference to 
the character of these people when Paul was here; and 
judging from what one now sees of the extent of their 
places of amusements, one can well see that they were ^ 
much given to idleness and play. Passing upward by the 
carriage way which circles around the south and east 
part of the hill, we came to the wall, supporting the 
old temple of Nike, and going around this, we stand be- 
fore the Fropylaea, the grand entrance to the Acropolis 
which, with its numerous temples and shrines, was aptly 
"called by an old Grecian orator, a ,! votive offering to 
the gods," 

To attempt to give a detailed description of these 
ruins would require much more space than can be devoted 
to it in this place. We shall merely glance at them 
hurriedly as we pass along. The gateway is divided in- 
to three portions, the central, and two wings. The 
main gateway was 6l§ feet in width and consists of two 
colonnades leading up to the gates. Here a number of 
fine Doric columns are to be seen, and lying on the 
ground are huge columns and blocks of marble, showing 
something of the extent of this. toast, marble gateway 
when it was perfect. Entering the gate and ascending 


by marble stairs , the platform of the rock on which the 
temples stood is reached. 

Here are found the ruins of many temples, the most 
important being the Parthenon. These temples were built 
when the Greeks had carried art to its highest extent 
nearly 2,300 years ago, and one is surprised to see 
here walls built of huge blocks of marble so nicely 
fitted together and so solidly built that after the 
lapse of 23 centuries, it is impossible to insert the 
point of a cambric needle into the joints. 

Here on this hill there were, it is said, 100 temples 
and shrines devoted to the worship of the many gods of 
the Greeks. On every side, wherever one may turn, ruins 
are to be seen. The rocks are literally covered with 
blocks of marble, broken pieces of sculpture, much of 
it very finely executed, and huge marble columns which 
when all stood in their places, must have presented a 
wonderful scene of magnificence. In addition to what 
is seen here, many of the best-preserved, most valuable 
pieces of sculpture and works of art have been carried 
away. A large number are to be found in the British 
Museum. For the last hundred years, the civilized 
nations of Europe have been pillaging Athens and robbing 
her of her ancient works of art. .. 

When Paul was in Athens, what we now see only as 
ruins was then in its full glory, and the worship of 
the many gods was in full tide. Socrates had protested 
against this multiplicity of gods and had been tried 
and condemned to death for heresy, no doubt through the 
influence of the priests who feared for their occupation; 
and so it has been in all ages of the world r s history. 
Priestcraft has always been foremost in persecution. 

(Continued next issue.) — By D. L. Miller 

Life is like a highway^ 

And its milestones are the years, 
And here and there is a toll-gate 

Where you pay your way with tears. 

Selected by Amos Baker 


Did you ever go to sleep in church? I know I did 
when I was a boy. Boys and girls aren't much different 
now from two thousand years ago. 

The apostle Paul and several of his Christian friends 
had arrived in a city called Troas. It was an important 
sea port of Asia Minor. Here the ships came to trade 
from all over the world known at that time. This was 
the first place that the Bible tells us that the early 
Christians met together on the first day of the week 
which we call Sunday. Jesus arose from the grave on 
the first day of the week and this is why we worship 
on Sunday. 

At that time the Christians did not have the New 
Testament as we have today, and they were anxious to 
learn how to live like Jesus. They didn't mind hearing 
long sermons. The Bible says as Paul wanted to leave 
Troas the next day, he continued speaking until mid- 
night^ teaching the people. 

The building they were in had three different floors 
or balconies. A 3~oung man was sitting in an open win- "" 
dow on the third floor. As Paul was a long time speak- 
ing^ this boy got sleepy, just like boys do in church 
now, As he went to sleep, he tumbled backward out of 
the window and fell to the ground. The people in the 
house went out to see what had happened to him, and 
he was taken up dead. When Paul knew of it he went 
down to where the dead boy was and knelt down and put 
his arms around him. Then Paul said, "Don't worry 
for he is alive 1" 

I am sure Paul prayed to God that the young man be 
restored to life. Paul was a man who had great faith 
and the Lord answered his prayer, 

Paul continued talking till morning and said goodbye 
to his friends in Troas. The Christians in Troas re- 
joiced that the young man had been brought back to life. 
Now they knew for sure that Paul was a man of God and 
that God would be with them. 

— Rudolph Cover 


VOL. 19 FEBRUARY, 1972 ■ NO. 2 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 

REJOICING IN HOPE (Romans 12:12) 

Joyfully, joyfully onward I move, 
Bound to the land of bright spirits above; 
Angelic choristers, sing as I come— 
Joyfully, joyfully haste to thy home! 
Soon with my pilgrimage ended below, 
Home to the land of bright spirits I go; 
Pilgrim and stranger, no more shall I roam; 
Joyfully, joyfully resting at home. 

^Friends fondly cherished, but passed on before; 
Waiting, they watch me approaching the shore; 
Singing to cheer me through death 1 s chilling gloom: 
Joyfully, joyfully, haste to thy home. 
Sounds of sweet melody fall on my ear; 
Harps of the blessed, your voices I hear! 
Rings with the harmony heaven's high dome — 
Joyfully, joyfully haste to thy home. 

Death, with thy weapons of war, lay me low, 
Strike king of terrors I I fear not thy blow; 
Jesus hath broken the bars of the tomb! 
Joyfully, joyfully will I go home. 
Bright will the morn of eternity dawn, 
Death shall be banished, his scepter be gone; 
Joyfully, then, shall I witness his doom, 
Joyfully, joyfully, safely at home. 

Selected by a reader. 

"THE PIL.GR I IS/! is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rote: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


Whan we think of a church member we like to think 
that it is someone who has accepted Christ as his per- 
sonal Saviour; one whose life is governed by the Holy 
Spirit; one who is not carried about by this world 1 s 
fads and fashions; one who is willing to suffer, wrong; 
one who bears no malice or ill will toward anyone; one 
whose life is open before all men; one who has a burden, 
for lost souls; one who deplores sin in any way, regard- 
less of when or where it is committed, and many more 
virtues of this kind. 

There are many church members today who do not live 
this kind of life. No doubt the reason for this is 
that many become church members with the wrong motive. 
It Is cuit§ evident that men become church members for 
various reasons- Some say It helps their business, or — 
that someone has told them to, or that it Is popular, 
or because most of their friends are joining church, 
or maybe they reach a certain age and they think it's 
time to join church, or that it will make their obitu- 
ary sound better, and many more selfish motives . But 
there are some who become church members because they 
realize their lost condition, and feel the need of 
being a part of the body of Christ. They then become 
obedient to all His teachings. In being obedient we 
become members of the church through repentance, faith 
and baptism. 

Some church members feel that church membership is 
the key to Heaven, but it only gives us access to the 
key. host of the members of the seven churches of 
Asia felt that church membership was all that was neces- 
sary, but a few saw it differently and were justified. 

Some church members feel that in a certain time of 
our lives we have the right to live in a worldly manner 
before settling down, and even encourage it. They say 


that it is the way of getting it out of our system. 
But it is like one writer states: ,T We T d better settle 
up instead of down," And if we settle up, the idea of 
sowing wild oats and settling down will fade away. The 
scriptures teach us how to get rid of worldliness and 
sin. That is to receive Christ in our hearts and not 
more evil. 

Some church members feel if we are baptised, wash 
one another 1 s feet, practice the salutation, wear plain 
clothes and have a few more outward symbols, this is 
what will carry us through. ' These are all virtues a 
Christian will have. But if our life does not manifest 
a converted and God-centered life, these virtues are 
only form, and form without the Spirit is dead. 

We hear some say they don't need to accept Christ 
and become church members. They feel they are just as 
good as lots of church members. This statement, no 
doubt, is often true. If it is true, it is too bad 
for both of them. 

Some say we can be Christians without being members 
of the visible church. This is Satan 1 s idea because 
he knows we can not hold out as individuals, and that 
the visible church is needed for the invisible, church 
to function. 

Someone has said that only ten percent of the church 
is what is keepinp it alive. This figure may or may 
not be correct, but it should give us some food for 
thought.. When we think of Noah's time, also Lot's, 
the children of Israel's, and the seven churches of 
Asia, we believe the ten percent figure would be high. 
As in the days of Noah, so shall it be in the second 
coming of Christ. .Let us watch and be ready. 

— Kenneth Martin 
Nappanee, Indiana 

Choose the words you speak with care 
Or use them loosely, if you dare. 
Words are powerful tools that do ■ 
Bring back what you say, to you. 

Selected by Charles and Leona Miller 



"For the .time is come that judgment must begin at 
the -house of- 'God j and" if it first begin at us, what 
shall be -the end .of them that obey not the gospel -of 
God? And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where 
shall the ungodly and the sinner appear? Wherefore 
let them that suffer according to the will of God com- 
mit the' -keeping of their souls to him. in well doing .as 
unto a faithful Creator. 11 (I Peter 4:17-19) 

For the time is come that judgment must begin at the 
house of God. What kind of judgment? I believe it is 
the righteous judgment of God placed in the hands of . 
those who belong to the house of God. 

The house of God is evidently the church of God as 
Jesus said, "Upon this rock I will build my church; 
and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it* 11 
(Matthew 16:18) The house or church of God is composed 
of individuals entering into covenant with God, pro- 
fessing to believe in Him, denouncing Satan and his 
kingdom, and covenanting with God to be faithful unto 

God warned His people of impending persecution. 
He says, "Blessed are they which are persecuted for 
righteousness sake for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 
Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute 
you-,' and shall say all manner of evil against you false- 
ly for my sake." (Matthew 5:10,11) "lea, all that will 
live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution." 
(II Timothy 3:12) 

On account of this strong effort against the church 
by Satan, I believe judgment must begin at the house 
of God and will continue so long as God permits this 

I believe that the judgment referred to is the divine 
judgment, of God placed in the hands of true children, 
for them to judge their attitude and deportment under 
every attack of Satan, and it continues down through 
the ages until Jesus comes, and is not limited to a 


time now past. 

It should be counted a great honor that God has 
placed into His children's hands to be partakers of 
this true judgment , not indeed that we are to judge 
others but ourselves, that we may use self examination, 
then judgment; then if we have erred or yielded under 
Satan's attack, to ask pardon of God. 

If then God has demanded judgment upon His people, 
what about the rest? Peter says, "If it first begin 
at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the 
gospel of God?" 

The judgment of God is placed in the hands of all 
Christians as Paul says, "For if we judge ourselves 
we should not be judged, But when we are judged we are 
chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned 

with the world." (I Corinthians 11:31,32) About those 
who obey not the gospel from the first who heard the 
gospel to the last, Peter says, "What shall the end 
be of them that obey not the gospel of God?" We know 
the answer for Jesus sa^.^s, "Whosoever shall fall upon 
^this stone (the judgment of God) shall be broken; but 
on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to 
powder." (Matthew 21:44, Luke 20:18) 

Therefore it is the privilege and duty of every 
Christian to use this -judgment of God upon themselves, 
though the occasion of its use is always: how we have 
behaved oursel ves under temptation or persecution * 

This verse ~17 in I Peter k is so closely woven with 
the following verses 18 and 19 that we will try to 
comment on these verses later. 

The judgment of the Lord is sure, 
The judgment of the Lord is pure; 
And all who use this way of grace, 
Can find the favor of His face. 

The judgment of the Lord we own, 
It shows we cannot work alone, 
To run with ease the Christian race, 
And gain the favor of His grace. 



We must be true to God above, 
And gain the grace of purest love; 
We judge our actions by His Word, 
And own the justice of our Lord. 

We walk by faith, and not by sight, 
Are sure His way is always right, 
And when we fail to know the way, 
To come to God, our life and stay. 

Confess our faults and be contrite 
And be in favor for the right; 
Though Satan tempts, he cannot win 
If we to God confess our sin. 

God helps His children to move on, 
Till daylight comes and tempests gone; 
God helps us conquer in the fight, 
Revere the way, the path of right. 

— J. I. Cover 

Sonora, California 



Today we hear a lot about ecology — the science of 
the relation of organisms' to their environment. Some 
even gc on campaigns to promote the cause of clearing 
the air, keeping the pollution from our streams and 
lakes or eliminating the use of insecticides and poisons 
th a t do not " break down" and become impotent. These 
are good causes and at first glance would seem to demand 
that Christians everywhere rise and promote them. But 
let us find out what is most important for Christians 
and what should be our first concern. 

No one likes smog, and we don*t like to think of our 
children inheriting a polluted world. But let us be 
sure that our motives are right. One good motive would 


be to have the most healthful situation for ourselves 
and our children to make healthy bodies to serve the 
Lord better. But for many the desire for a clean, 
balanced environment seems to be an extension of that 
materialism that is such a pitfall to Christians today. 
Our goals are not the highest if they are only to have 
a more pleasureful life. This does not indicate a 
longing for the life which is to come. 

I believe it is wrong to dump sewerage into streams 
and to throw papers and litter along our highways. I 
believe Christians should be the first and strictest 
in their own conduct on these problems. But I also 
believe there are issues far better and more important 
that Christians should be promoting. To put our time, 
effort and means into spreading the Kingdom of God is 
our first responsibility here. All other issues should 
be secondary. 

Some might say, n You have all these good things in 
this life (clear air and water, trees, room to move 
about > etc.) so of course you are not interested in 
campaigning for improvements and helping those who 
don f t have them, n I know we are blessed far above most 
in the world and I don't want to seem ungrateful. It 
is through God r s goodness and mercy that we are blessed 
and not of our own merit. We do want to help but we 
would also like to put first things first. Jesus has 
promised that if we seek first the kingdom of God and 
His righteousness, all these things (clothes, food, 
drink — earthly blessings) shall be added unto us. 

It seems that many of the present promoters of the 
better ecology are overlooking something far more in>- 
portant, and this is the kingdom of God and His right- 
eousness. In the quest for cleaner air to breathe, 
perhaps we neglect to ask Him to "Breathe upon us Holy 
Spirit. " In keeping the pollution from our water 
supply we may forget about the water of life that Jesus 
will give us. (John 4:14) In keeping the insecticides 
and poisons out of our food, we should not overlook the 
spiritual poison of false doctrine and filthy reading 
matter that is offered to us and our children at every 


magazine stand 

About the prime' importance of following Jesus, a 
disciple once told Him, "Lord, suffer me first to go 
and bury my father." But Jesus said unto him, "Follow 
me; and let the dead bury their dead." ('Matthew 8:22) 
Jesus knew better than anyone that the dead needed to 
be buried. But most important is to follow Him. We 
must place this before all earthy duties. 

"We have all read accounts of the faithful apostles 
and prophets and others that have suffered for the true 
faith. Many were cast into stinking prisons where 
there was no sanitation and food was the poorest avail- 
able. Yet in the worst of ecological situations they 
still had faith in God that gave them the victory. So 
may we be. If our privileges were all taken away, what 
would be left? If we have spent our lives trying to 
clear our environment, have neglected the things of 
the Spirit and have lived only for the joys and plea- 
sures to be found here, we will have nothing left when 
cur earthly felessings are removed. But if we have 
sought earnestly for the kingdom of God and His right- 
eousness, we can suffer the loss of all things as did 
the apostle Paul and still be more than conquerors 
through Him that loved us. — L.G. 


For those who admire practicality, James and the 
epistle he wrote holds a peculiar attraction. It is 
claimed by scholars to be the first of the books of 
the New Testament. 

First, let us notice the introduction. The writer 
acknowledges the sovereignty of God and equally the 
sovereignty of Christ. Coming from Christ 1 s own 
brother in the flesh who grew up with him and knew him 
intimately, who are we to doubt His diety? The letter 
is directed to Jewish Christians, for as yet Peter had 
not opened the door of salvation to the gentiles. 
Neither had Paul gotten any gentile converts. 

James was undoubtedly a man of action. He literally 


says, "Don't just talk, don't just stand there, do 
something • M But he was also a man of faith and pa- 
tience. He was not like some men of action who start 
working with a lot of enthusiasm and energy but soon 
tire and lose interest, for he says the happy man is 
the one who endures. He is the man who keeps working 
until the job is done and so has the satisfaction of 
knowing he has accomplished what he set out to do. 

There are some who think James is trying to refute 
the doctrine of grace which Paul preached so earnestly, 
but scholars point out that Paul had not yet begun to 
preach when James wrote this letter. James does not 
teach salvation by works but salvation by grace as pro- 
ducing works. Another admirable teaching of James 
and a belief which he affirmed was the second coming 
of Christ. 

— Guy Hootman 

Salida, California 


A new year is before us 
Waiting to unfold — 
The great unknown future 
VJhich hasn't yet been told. 

No one knows the future. 
But history tells the past; 
Therein lies the treasure 
Of lessons that will last. 

No book can give a lesson 
So thorough and precise 
.As former seeming failures 
VJhich tend to make us wise. 

Let's use our past experience 
Throughout the coming year 
To help us grow in wisdom 
And make our judgment clear. 

Selected by Stella Flora 


— — : — : : : ; ^ 


Not in money— 

•Jay Gould, the American millionaire, had an enormous 
fortune. When dying, he said, "I suppose I am the most 
miserable man on earth/ 1 

Not in pleasure — 

Lord Byron lived a life of pleasure and ease. He 
wrote: "The worm, the canker, and grief are mine alone. 11 

Not in military glory — 

Alexander the Great conquered the known world in his 
day. Then he wept, " There are no more worlds to con- 
Not in political power — 

William Tweed became the brilliant boss of Tammany 
Hall and ruled New York City. He said; "My life has 
been a failure in everything. u 

Not in unbelief — 

Voltaire was an infidel of the most pronounced type.^ 
He wrote: "I wish I had never been born." 

Not In position and fame — 

Lord Beaconsfield enjoyed more than his share of 
both. He wrote: "Youth is a mistake; manhood a strug- 
gle; old age a regret." 

Where Is happiness? 

The answer is simple: in Christ alone. HE said: 
"Your heart shall rejoice, and your joy no man taketh 
from you." 

"Whoso trusteth in the Lord, happy is he." (Proverbs 

In Christ is peace: "My peace I give unto you." 

(John 14:27) 
In Christ is comfort: . "Let not jour heart be troubled." 

(John 14:2?) 
In Christ is fellowship: "I will never leave thee." 

(Hebrews 13:5) 


In Christ is Life: "He that believeth on the Son hath 
everlasting life," (John 3:36) 

Selected from The Pearl of Great price 



I do not ask for easy paths 
Along life's winding roads, 

But for the promised grace and strength 
To carry all its loads. 

I do not ask for treasures here, 
To hoard, decay, and rust, 

But for the better things of life, 
Humility and trust. 

I do not ask for many friends, 
But give me, Lord, the few 

Whose loyalty and faithfulness 
Are first of all, to You. 

I ask not skies forever clear — 

With one unbroken calm, 
But in each ill that overtakes 

To know Thy healing balm. 

I do not ask for honor, fame, 
While life's short race I run, 

But for a will to do Thy will 
And then— Thy glad "well done." 

— Selected 


Time was — is past: thou canst not it recall; 
Time is — thou hast: employ the portion small. 
Time future is not and may never be: 
Time present is the only time for thee. 

(II Cor. 6:2) — Neighborhood Notes 


ATHENS (Continued) 
By D. L. Miller 

Coming down from the Acropolis, we visited in suc- 
cession the Pnyx, the Temple of Theseus and finally. 
Mars 1 Hill. The Pnpc is supposed to be the place where 
the Athenians held their public and political meetings. 
It is located on the hill-side, southwest of the cita- 
del. Numerous seats are cut into the rock, and a large 
cube hewn out of the solid rock is called the Orator *s 
Stage. From this stone it is probable the people heard 
the stirring eloquence of Pericles and Demosthenes. 

The best-preserved building of ancient Athens is the 
Temple of Thesus. It was built 470 years before Christ 
and is remarkably well preserved. In the ?th century 
it was converted into a Christian church. In 1835 it 
was turned into a hospital, and it is now used as a 
museum and contains the laws of Solon engraved on mar- ^s 
ble slabs. The Temple, like all the old buildings, is 
constructed of the finest Pentelican* marble, and here 
again can be seen the fine work of the ancients. In 
the lower courses of the wall the marble blocks are 
eight feet long, three feet wide, and three feet thick 
and these huge blocks are so nicely fitted together 
and were laid so firmly that now, after many centuries 
have passed away since they were put in place, it is, 
in some places, almost impossible to discover the place 
where they are joined. 

East of this Temple was the large market-place, where 
Paul disputed daily with the people. This was an ex- 
cellent place to see the people for here they congre- 
gated every day. Here is to be seen an ancient marble 
structure called the market-gate. Four Doric columns 
4| feet in diameter and 28 feet high support the archi- 
trave and pediment. It is also of marble. Inside and 
near by the • gateway stands a stone tablet about 12 feet 
high, 2 feet wide, and one foot thick, one side of 


which is cut full of Greek characters. This stone is 
in the marketplace and the engraving on it gives the 
lawful price to be charged by the sellers for oil and 
other commodities. 

Not far from the marketplace stands an old ruin sup- 
posed to be the place where the altar dedicated "TO 
THE UNKNOWN GOD" stood; at least it is pointed out by 
the guide as being the exact spot. 

We now go up to Mars' Hill which still retains its 
ancient name. It is a rocky bluff rising to the height 
of 40 feet above the plain at the east and north end 
and side; to the west it slopes gradually down to the 
level of the surrounding country. It is sometimes 
called by the Greek name Areopagus as well as Mars ! 
Hill. (Acts 17) 

According to an ancient Greek legend, their god, Ares 
or Mars j was tried here by a court of the twelve gods 
to answer to the charge of murder. From this event it 
took its name. Mere the Athenian court of the Areopa- 
gites, the highest judicial tribunal in Athens, held 
^ its nocturnal sessions. The judges were taken from the 
best families in Athens, and were appointed for life. 
They held in their hands the highest power in the State. 
It was this court that condemned Socrates for teaching 
the doctrine o"f one God, and had him put to death... 

Today, March '4th, we spent some time on the hill 
alone. Never before have we read with so much interest 
the 17th of Acts giving a record of Paul's preaching 
in Athens on Mars' Hill where we are now writing using 
a stone for a desk. To stand here on the very ground 
where he stood, on this solid granite hill, which the 
lapse of 19 centuries that have passed over it, has not 
materially changed, since the day that the great Apostle 
of the Gentiles proclaimed the gospel to the idolatrous 
City from its midst, is to gain a new and strangely 
vivid interest in the man and in the words he uttered. 
Of course we always had an interest in the words, but 
the scene was far away, both in time and in space, and 
it never impressed us as it does now that we are brought 
face to face with the very spot where it was enacted. 


~ ^ 

Then, too, surrounded on every hand by the ruins of 

the old idolatrous worship, and knowing fully the con- 
ditions that existed, one is prepared to appreciate 
fully, the boldness, the force and the appropriate fit- 
ness of his words to the men of Athens. 

As he stood in the midst of Mars 1 Hill, before him 
arose the mighty Acropolis with its temples dedicated 
to a hundred gods. Towering above all could be seen 
the great golden and ivory statue of the goddess Minerva, 
Back of this stood the massive marble columns and firm 
walls of the magnificent temple of Olympus. To his 
right hand, a few hundred yards away, the eye fell upon 
the temple of Theseus, and a little farther away, stood 
the altar with the inscription, "TO THE UNKNOWN GOD," 
the words of Paul l s text on that day, whilst, to his 
left, the range of hills was covered with small temples 
and shrines. 

Let him look which way he would, his eyes fell upon 
the evidences of the idolatry and superstition of the 
people. No wonder his great soul burned within him as 
he saw how utterly the city was given up to idolatry, ^^ 
ignorant ly worshiping shrines and images; and as he 
stood before the highest judicial tribunal of Athens, 
before judges, statesmen, philosophers, orators, and • 
the chief men of the city, he boldly, without the fear 
of man or earthly power, uttered the first words of that 
wonderful sermon, "Ye men of Athens, I perceive that in 
all things ye are too superstitious." Think of the lan- 
guage addressed to those who prided themselves on their 
wisdom, their knowledge, and their philosophy; for the 
city of Athens stood foremost among the cities of the 
world in respect to these things. * But the Apostle 
spared not their philosophy, but told them some plain 
truths in his short sermon. He had been among them 
some days, and had seen their fine temples and works of 
art, and he exclaimed, "We ought not to think that .the 
Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, graven by art and 
man's device." 

The sermon contained in Acts, 17:22-31, is not a long 
one, but it is full of the grand truths of Christian 


philosophy. It sets forth the doctrine of the general 
brotherhood of the human race in strong and unmistak- 
able words. It shows, too, that Paul who was a Jew was 
well acquainted with the Greek language, and also that 
he had a knowledge of their literature, for he brings 
up one of their own poets to prove his position; and 
it shows, above all, the fearlessness and boldness of 
the great Apostle in preaching the Word, Well might 
he say that his preaching was "not with enticing words 
of man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and 
of power. ,r He spoke not to please the Athenians, but 
to tell them the unvarnished truth, and the world needs 
many just such preachers today, 

A short distance north-east of Mars T Hill is the an- 
cient Athenian cemetery. For many years its existence 
was entirely unknown; but, In digging, some old remains 
were found. This led to an excavation, and many of the 
tombs of the old Greeks were found. Tombstones and 
monuments much the same as those to be seen In American 
cemeteries, are found here. Many of the old graves 
have been opened , but the bodies have long since moul- 
dered to dust. In the graves are to be found ornaments, 
tear-bottles, small lamps, and a small vessel used .to 
blow into by which a kind of wailing, moaning sound was 
produced. The friends of the deceased carried these 
things In the procession as they followed their dead 
to the grave, and then deposited them in the coffin. 
They are offered for sale here now on every side. 

— Letters from Bible Lands 


The Salida Congregation have agreed, the Lord wil- 
ling, to hold our spring Love Feast on March 18th and 
19th of A hearty invitation and welcome is 
extended to members and friends to attend. 

— Daniel F. Wolf 

A BOY SAVES PAUL'S LIFE Acts 23:12-33 

The apostle .Paul had been taken prisoner for teach- 
ing the people about Jesus, More than forty men had 
made a vow that they wouldn't eat or drink till they 
had killed this apostle. They had made an agreement 
with the elders and chief priests of the Jews to have 
the Roman captain send Paul to their council. 

A boy who was a nephew of Paul had overheard that 
these men had planned to kill him. As fast as he could 
he came to the castle where' Paul was held prisoner, and 
told him what he. had heard. Paul called to the soldier 
who was guarding him and asked if he would take his 
nephew to the chief "captain as he had something impor- 
tant to tell him* 

The guard took the boy and brought him to the Roman 
captain who took him by his hand to a place where he 
could talk where no one else could hear them. Then he 
asked Paul's nephew^ "What is it that you wish to tell 

The boy answered, "The Jews have agreed to have you 
bring Paul down tomorrow into the council, but don't 
do what they ask because there are more than forty men 
who will lie in wait for him; for they have bound them- 
selves with an oath that they will neither eat nor 
drink till they have killed Paul." 

Then the captain replied, "Go, but don't tell anyone 
what you have shown me." The captain called two sol- 
diers to hijn and said, "Make ready two hundred soldiers 
and seventy horsemen and two hundred spearsmen to go by 
nine o'clock tonight. Be sure Paul has a beast to ride 
on, and deliver him safe to Felix, the governor." 

The soldiers delivered Paul to the Roman governor as 
they were commanded. A boy had saved the life of his 
uncle. God had told Paul the night before, "Be of good 
cheer, Paul: for as you have testified of me in Jeru- 
salem, so must you bear witness also at Rome." 

God had used this boy to help carry out His plan for 
the apostle Paul. I wonder how long those forty men 
went without eating and drinking, don't you? 

— Rudolph Cover 



VOL- 19 MARCH, 1972 NO* 3 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul/' 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


perfect -life of love I 

All, all is finished now; 
All that He left His throne above 

To do for us below- . . ' 

No work is left undone • : 

Of all the Father willed;.. , . 

His toil, His sorrows, one by one, 
The Scripture have fulfilled. 

And on His thorn-crowned head, 

And on His sinless soul, 
Our sins in all their guilt were laid, 

That He might make us whole. 

In every time of need, 
Before the judgment throne, 

Thy work, Lamb of God, I'll plead, 
Thy merits, not my own. 

Yet work, Lord, in me, -\ 
As Thou for me hast wrought; 

And let my love the answer be 
To grace Thy love has brought. 

—Henry W. Baker 
• Church Hymnal 

THE FMl—GRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2,00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


The d©ctrine of separation is found throughout the 
Bible, It was the first act of creation, as recorded 
in Genesis 1:4, "And God divided the light from the 
darkness . " Separation is choice. Every time we make 
a choice > we recognise and apply the principle of sepa- 
ration. Its opposite is "amalgamation" or "without 
distinction," as stated in Genesis 1:2, "And the earth 
was WITHOUT FORM and VOID, and darkness was upon the 
face of the deep." The last act of God in the separa- 
tion of material things, recorded In the Bible, Is 
found in Revelation 21:1, "And I saw a new heaven and 
a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth 
were passed away, . ." 

Many other instances of the separation of things 
which God created could be cited from the holy scrip- 
tures, such as all the living creatures: each was 
created "after their kind," i.e. SEPARATE from other 
kinds. Under the Mosaic law the Lord was particular 
that His people should know and recognize that there 
was a difference between the CLEAN and the UNCLEAN 
(beasts). But in this article we are particularly con- 
cerned with the Biblical doctrine of SEPARATION as it 
pertains to the people 'of God. 

God Is holy (separate) from all unholy spirits or 
beings, and requires His people to be holy: "Ye shall 
therefore be holy, for/I am holy. 11 (Leviticus 11:45) 
Of Jesus Christ it is said, that He was "harmless, unde- 
filed, and separate from sinners, and made higher than 
the heavens. (Hebrews 7:26) 

Separation^ to be virtuous, must be for cause and 
not merely for its own' sake or to be alone. "Alone" 
is said to be the most cruel word in any language. Man 
was created to be a social being, and God saw that it 
was not good that man should be alone. Nor is separa- 


tion for selfish reasons scriptural , as stated in Jude 
19, "These be they who separate themselves, sensual, 
having not the Spirit." 

Separation was both a condition and a result of the 
children of Israel becoming the people of God. For al- 
though they were under the promise which God made to 
Abraham, they were not actually reckoned as God's- cho- 
sen people until after they were redeemed from Egypt 
and brought under the covenant of Sinai, as indicated 
by the following scriptures: "Now therefore' if ye will 
obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye 
shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all' people . . . 
and ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests and an 
holy nation." (Exodus 1:5) "Thou hast avouched the 
Lord THIS DAY to be thy God... and the Lord hath 
avouched thee THIS DAY to be his peculiar (separate) 
people as he hath promised thee." (Deuteronomy' 26:1?) 
"Take heed and hearken Israel; THIS DAY thou art be- 
come the people of the Lord thy God." (Deut. 27:9,10) 
"That thou shouldest enter into a covenant with the 
Lord thy Go : d, and into the oath which the Lord thy God 
maketh with thee THIS DAY.. That he may establish thee 
TODAY for a people unto himself, that he may be unto 
thee a God." (Deut. 29:12,13) "For thou didst separate 
them from among all the ' people of the earth, to be 
thine inheritance... when thou broughtest our fathers 
out of Egypt, Lord God." (I Kings 8:53) 

This seems to be a perfect analogy of the condition 
by which a penitent sinner may become a child of God, 
and obtain salvation through Jesus Christ. For although 
the atonement was made by Jesus Christ on the cross of 
Calvary, and all men were thereby set free from the 
bondage of sin (Romans 5:8-10, II Corinthians 5:14 w 15), 
yet they -may not become children of God and obtain the 
promised salvation until they are joined to Christ in 
the "New Covenant" and share In His death and resurrec- 
tion through faith and obedience in baptism as He has 
ordained: "For ye are all the children of God by faith 
in Christ Jesus, For as many of you as have been bap- 
tized into Christ have put on Christ... And if ye be 

4- . . . THE PILGRIM 

Christ 1 s, then are ye Abraham 1 s' seed and heirs accor- 
ding to the promise." (Galations 3:26-29) "Know ye 
not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus 
Christ were baptized into his death? Therefore we are 
buried with him by baptism into death: that like as 
Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the 
Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life > 
For if we have been planted together in the likeness of 
his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his re- 
surrection: knowing this that our -old man is crucified 
with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed/ that 
henceforth we should not serve sin." (Romans 6:3-6) 

These scriptures in both the Old and New Testaments 
clearly teach a SEPARATION, But It Is a separation 
like the marriage state; it is a separation from one 
state or bond to be JOINED TO another. The marriage 
is a most exclusive separation, It is being separated 
from one or many urtto another. It is a true pattern of 
Christian separation, i.e. "Separated unto God in 
Christ. 11 "For we are members of his body, of his flesh, 
and of his bones... This is a great mystery: but I 
speak concerning Christ and the Church." (Ephesians 
5:32) To be joined in marriage to more than one (man 
or woman) at the same time is "adultery" — it is with- 
out distinction of affection or obligation. 

The kindgom of God and the kingdoms of this world 
are essentially and fundamentally different in origin, 
purpose and destiny; as also its laws and attachments: 
"For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, 
and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not 
of the Father, but is of the world. And the world 
passeth away, and the lust thereof: -but he that doeth 
the will of God abideth forever." Satan is called the 
"god of this world" and "prince of this world." And to 
be joined to the body of Christ and the body of Satan 
at the same time would be without distinction of affec- 
tion or obligation, and would be spiritual "adultery." 

Satan's chief strategy in his warfare against God 
and His people is' to present himself as a partner In. 
the fellowship and affairs of God r s people. He Is re- 


presented in Isaiah 14:14" as saying, "I will be -LIKE 
the Most High, 1 * In Job 1:6, when the sons of God 
presented themselves before the Lord, Satan came also 
among them." Also we read in II Corinthians 11:14 of 
"false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming them- 
selves into the apostles of Christ. And no marvel; for 
Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. 
Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also 
are transformed as the ministers of righteousness.' 1 

This revealed iniquitous character of Satan may well 
be the reason Jesus would not allow the "devils" to 
witness for Him when He was here, that they might not 
claim any partnership in His ministry. For He had ' 
come "that he might destroy the works of the devil." 

God began the separation of the peoples of the earth 
when He called Abraham to separate himself from his 

Search me, God, and know my heart: try me, and 
know my thoughts: And see if there be any wicked 
way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting. 

—Psalm 139:23,24 

country and kindred, and promised to make of him a 
great nation with whom he would establish an ever- - 
lasting covenant relationship, to be their God and 
they should be Hi's people; thus- indicating that not all 
the people of the earth would be His children. This 
"Separation unto God" is often described in the Bible 
by another term: "Sanctificaticn" which apparently has 
the same meaning. 

Apparently all Bible students recognize that there 
is, in fact, a fundamental difference between the. peo- 
ple of God and those of the world who are not His peo- 
ple. But many who recognize 1 this fact appear unwilling 
to signify it in any visible manner, and refuse to 
separate themselves from the organizations and govern- 
ments of this world — and its warfare. We are convinced 
that the people of the world are not opposed to the' 
principle of separation, but they do not consent to 
God's application of that principle as revealed- in both 
the Old and New Testaments. 


The origin and goal of the Christian is different, 
and thus the faith and hope is different. And that 
difference must- be. -expressed in a life that is- different. 
The natural body is thp means of expression for the 
spirit and soul which dwells within it. So also in the 
body of Christ, the church, the children of God give 
expression to the Spirit of God dwelling within them, 
showing a difference between the people of God and the 
people of the world, Nonconformity to the world sig- 
nifies this difference. It is not, in itself, the dif- 
ference, but it SIGNIFIES the difference which In fact 
exists in all who are TRANSFORMED by the renewing of 
the mind. People are not afraid different if 
they. have something to be different for. In fact they 
want to be different from the indisernable or indistinc- 
tive. Exclusiveness is popular In the world, as wit- 
nessed by the many lodges and professional trades or- 

The New Testament demands separation the same as the 
Old, but ".under a different law — the law of liberty. 
1 Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith "Christ 
hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the 
yoke of bondage." (Galatians 5:1) "For the law of the 
Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from 
the law of sin and death." (Romans 8:2) "Ye cannot 
drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of devils. (I Cor- 
inthians 10:21) And, "Be ye not unequally yoked toge- 
ther with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath right- 
eousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath 
light with darkness? And what concord hath Christ with 
Belial? or what part hath he that believeth with an 
Infidel? And what agreement hath the temple of God 
with Idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; 
as God hath said, I will dwell In them, and walk in 
them; and I will be their God and they shall be my peo- 
ple. Wherefore come out from among them,, and be ye 
separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean 
thing: and I will receive you, and will be a Father 
unto you, and ye shall be my sons and my daughters, 
saith the Lord Almighty." (II Corinthians 6:14-18) 
"But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, 


an holy nation, a peculiar people; That ye should show 
forth the praises of him who hath called you out of 
darkness into his marvelous light: which In time past 
were not a- people, but are now the people of God: which 
had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.". 
(I Peter 2:9) 

The final separation is recorded in Revelation 22:14, 
"Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they 
may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in 
through the gatea into the city. For without are dogs, 
and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and 
whosoever loveth and maketh a lie." 

— D. F. Wolf 

Modesto, California 


Having heard a message on the subject of "The Church" 
I am Impressed with some thoughts on this same subject. 
It was brought out that the Lord has made provision for 
our salvation, and that it is His will that we should 
receive this gift. "The .Lord is not slack concerning 
his promise, as some men count slackness; but is long- 
suffering to us-ward, not willing that any should per- 
ish, but that all should come to repentance." 

His call has gone out to all men, "Come unto me all 
ye that labor and are heavy laden and I will give you 

He has done His part and even suffered and died for 
us that we may be among the "called, chosen,, and faith- 
ful." The call has Fone out to all. Now if we answer 
the call to enter the vocation or service of the Lord, 
repenting of our sins, believing on the Lord, accepting 
the faith He taught, and receiving His baptism; then 
we each become one of the "chosen," but we will only 
be accounted as one of the "faithful" if we heed the 
apostle's words as he says, "1 therefore, the prisoner 
of the Lord beseech you that ye walk worthy of the 
vocation wherewith ye are called." In this, walk we. 
will need to put away some things we would formerly .- ■ 


have considered all right. The apostle says, "This I 
say therefore and testify in the Lord, that ye hence- 
forth walk not as other Gentiles walk, etc. n We must 
"put off the old man with his deeds,' 1 and deny the 
fleshly desires, and "put on the new man which after 
God is created in righteousness and true holiness." 

It isn't very likely that any of us will go out and 
murder soneone or commit other such gross things, but 
oh how careful we should be about the little things 
which we often think don't seem so bad. Many of these 
things are condemned as strongly by the Word as the 
more gross things. How easy it is to let a little 
corrupt communication slip out of our mouth, or to 
harbor a little bit of bitterness, or envy^ or maybe 
even to begin to follow after some of the fashions of 
the world. Brethren, only if we continually strive to 
overcome these little things, and rather to exercise 
in the virtues spoken of in II Peter 1:5-7 can we hope 
to be a part of Christ's Church. One hymn says: 

Many are the Lord's professors, 
Many to the shrine do go; 
But how many real possessers, 
He, the Lord, doth only know. 

Many have of heaven spoken, 
But not all have started fair; 
And because the rules are broken, 
Many fail to enter there. 

Let us study the Lord's Word and strive to apply 
it to our d aily lives so that we may. be good lights - 
to others and an encouragement to each other, and may 
the Lord grant us grace to be found among the faithful, 
is my prayer. 

— James Beery 
■ : . Mulberry, Indiana 

COVER - A daughter, Sarah Louise, born to Leslie and 
Martha Cover of Sonora, California on March 14, 1972. 



"And if the righteous scarcely be saved , where shall 
the ungodly and the sinner appear? (I Peter 4:18) 

This saying of Peter r s has been the subject of much 
discussion by many down through the age's. These com- 
ments but add to those already expressed. * 

First, the righteous. I understand Peter is speak- 
ing of the class of believers as a whole and not to 
any particular time, but belonging to the work of sal- 
vation as a whole j and of a full salvation to all 
those who come to God and keep, in the way "all through 
life's journey. That is inclusive , we see, when used 
with "sinner" and "ungodly." 

Second, the word "scarcely" used In this verse 
seems somewhat out of place when understood in our 
present acceptation of the word. Perhaps in the old 
English it had a different meaning. Surely in the 
Greek the meaning is plain to be synonymous with 
"with difficulty" or "hard labor," and in this mean- 
ing how well it harmonizes with the great plan of sal- 

First, let us consider the great difficulty in for- 
ming -this great plan of Salvation. Sin had separated 
us from God, and nothing man could do would bridge 
that gulf. Qur Heavenly Father had in His plan to for- 
give sin that man could come close to Him, but not 
without one to take the sinners 1 place and to be "made 
sin for us who knew no sin; that we might be made the 
righteousness of God in him," (II Corinthians 5:21) 

Jesus suffered much in Gethsemane. His sweat was as 
it were great drops of blood falling to the ground. 
Through this great suffering He passed this hard labor 
by saying, "Thy will be done." He suffered greatly 
upon the cross. Was all this easy for Jesus? We think 
of the old hymn: 

What did Thine only Son endure 

Before I drew my breath? 
What paini what labor to secure 
My soul from second death t 


We cannot fully understand or comprehend the great 
work and difficulty Jesus endured to take the sinner's 
place I 

Man often loves to sin. "For such an high priest 
became us, : who is holy/ harmless; undefiled, separate 
from sinners , and made higher than the heavens. (Heb- 
rews 7:26) Jesus did not love sin, but He loved the 
sinner dearly. He made the great important move to 
save, though it cost. His life T s blood. All this Jesus 
endured: "Who for the joy that was set before him en- 
dured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down 
at the right hand of the Throne of God. For consider 
him that endured such contradiction of sinners against 
himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds." 
(Heb. 12:2-3) Because Jesus endured all this diffi- 
culty and great labor, His great elevation was assured, 
and man could be forgiven. "And so might grace reign 
through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ 
our Lord. (Romans 5:21) 

Second: Paul, preached "that we must through much 
tribulation.' enter the kingdom of God." (Acts 14:22) 
Jesus says, "And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and 
come after me, cannot be my disciple." (Luke 14:27) 
And again, "Fight the good fight of faith^ lay hold on 
eternal life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast 
professed a good profession before many witnesses.". 
(I Timothy 6:12) 

Many times the word "overcome" is used: "overcome 
the world," "to him that, overcometh," "And they over- 
came him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of 
their testimony, and they loved not their lives unto 
the death," (Revelation .12:11) All Christians, gone 
before have, overcome the world and gone to their re- 
ward . ' 

The words "trialy" "suffering," "warfare," "fighting 
the good fight. of faith," all bring to our understand- 
ing the effort, the difficulty, encountered along the 
way. This helps us "abhor that which is evil, and 
cleave to that which is good." let, were it not for 
the grace of God, His forgiving, loving kindness, where 
would Peter have been? Where would we all be? or how 


would we get through to heaven? 

Where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear? "And 
I saw the dead small and great stand before God; and 
the books were opened: and another book was opened, 
which is the book of Life: and, the dead were judged 
out of those things written in the books, according to 
their works. And the sea gave up the dead which were 
in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which 
were in them: and they were judged every man according 
to their works . And death and hell were cast into the 
lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever 
was not found written in the book of life was cast into 
the lake of fire, • - 

All trials great they overcame, 
Were faithful to the living Lamb; 

To reign with Christ a thousand years, 
And God shall wipe away all tears. 

See earth and heaven pass away, 

Yet God shall be their life and stay; 

New heaven and new earth be born 
And usher in eternal morn. 

New city bright come into view 

When God shall make all. things anew, . 

And come to earth on mountain great 
And be the ransome's new estate. 

All evil things have passed away; 

Eternal light, eternal day, 
The Tree of Life, the Great White Throne, 

Where God shall gather all His own. 

J. I. Cover 
Sonora, California 

Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall 
enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the 
will of my Father which is in heaven. 

Jesus 1 words, Matthew 7:21 



By D. L. Miller 

At five, o 1 clock in the evening we reached Smyrna 
where we are now writing. We spend two days here to 
visit two of the seven churches in Asia, Smyrna arid 
Ephesus. Smyrna is today one of the chief cities of 
Asia Minor, and enjoys a large trade. It is connected 
with two lines of railroad to the interior of the coun- 
try, one of which runs to Ephesus... 

In addition to the railroads, large 'caravans of cam- 
els, all heavily laden with raisins, wine, figs, al- 
monds, opium and other commodities are constantly ar- 
riving. It is quite a singular sight to see the long 
trains of these patient and enduring beasts of burden 
moving quietly along, single file, carrying from four 
to six hundred pounds of freight. They have been aptly 
called "ships of the desert. 11 They will cross the sandy 
deserts with a load of over 400 pounds, at the rate of 
thirty miles a day in the burning heat of summer, and 
require water only every third or fourth day. In the 
cooler months the animal will work for seven or eight 
days without water, and if grazing on green foliage 
without labor, will drink only once in a fortnight... 

Today we saw several hundred of these amimals travel- 
ing along, heavily laden. In one caravan alone there 
were over sixty. They come close up to the wharf, 
quietly kneel and are relieved of their burdens, and 
again receive their cargo of new freight, and are off 
on their long tramps to Trebizond, Sardis, and even 
down into Persia. 

The city of Smyrna has not far from 200,000 inhabi- 
tants. It suffers much from earthquakes which are very 
common. Two years ago a very severe one visited the 
place. The shock lasted over eighteen seconds &nd T in- 
jured many houses. It is one of the seven cities that 
have laid claim to being the birthplace of Homer, A 


grotto is pointed out where he is said to have written, 
his Iliad. . . 

The streets of Smyrna are narrow and dirty; the 
houses, many of them, meanly and poorly built... Pass- 
ing along the streets, we saw many pools of stagnant 
water, covered with a green scum, a very cess-pool of 
malaria... With a fine sea breeze, and with the natur- 
al advantages for drainage and sewers, the city might 
be made as healthy as any place in Europe... 

In Smyrna was one of the seven churches; of Asia, ad- 
dressed by St. John. (Rev. 2:8,9) He commends them for 
their good works, their tribulation and their poverty 
which to them were true riches, and exhorts them to a 
faithful continuance until death when the promised 
crown of life will be given. And they did endure even 
unto death. 

The first Christian Bishop of Smyrna, Polycarp, a 
disciple of John, suffered martyrdom in the midst of 
the city in the year A.D.. 166. Polycarp wrote an epis- 
tle to the Ephesians which we have preserved to us in 
the writing of the Apostolic Fathers. The same work 
also contains an account of the martyrdom of the aged 
bishop, written by the church at Smyrna to the church 
at Philomelium and through that church to the whole 
Christian world. 

The account of his death contains some marvelous 
statements such as this: "The fire did him no harm, 
and he was finally thrust through with a dagger, and 
afterward his body was burned." Cur guide pointed out 
to us the tomb of the ancient martyr. 

Many others fell in the same way and have, no doubt, 
realized in part the promise of the Apostle which will 
be realized to the full in the morning of the first 
resurrection. "For," saith the Revelator, "he that 
overcometh, shall not be hurt of the second death." 
And again, "Blessed and holy is he that hath part in 
the first resurrection: on such the second death hath 
no power." These ancient fathers, who sealed their 
faith with their blood, gladly testifying, even in the 
midst of tortures, the very mention of which brings to 
us a thrill of horror, that the gospel of Jesus is the 

14,"" " THE •' PILGRIM 

power of God unto salvation, will, without the least 
shadow of .-a doubt, have a part in that first glorious 
resurrection* Shall we be also found worthy? 

The church here suffered almost entire extinction by 
martyrdom* The place where the . first church was built 
in the city has now a Greek church, recently built, 
standing upon its ruins. The Mohammedan religion pre- 
vails, although a number of Greek churches are to be 
found in the city, and there is also a Protestant 
mission here.** 

In addition -to the Moslems and Greeks, there is also 
a large number of Jews in Smyrna. How true were the 
prophecies uttered upon these people; they are scattered 
in all- parts of the world* Go into any city in Europe 
and you will find them. The same is true of Africa* 
In India and China they are also found. They have a 
large synagogue here, and have a hand in the trade of 

the city. —Letters from Bible Lands , 1884 


I r ve found something better 
Than this world at last; 
The old life of sin 
And its sorrow is past; 
Deep peace in my soul 
And no longer downcast, 
I've found something better 
In Jesus at last* 

You ask why the dance -hall 

And the show have no charm, 

(Others may say that in them there ! s no harm) 

But first let me answer — 

I've found the great Pearl; 

I » ve* found . something better * 

I r m. saved from the world. 

The road I f m now traveling 
Is bright as the sun, 


No longer its shadowed 

By wrongs I have done; 

The dear loving Saviour. 

Forgave every sin; 

Now the light of His presence 

Is dwelling within, 

I've never a sorrow", 

Never a care, 

Never a heart ache 

That He does not share, 

And when temptation 

My soul seems to sway, 

"I'll help you bear It," 

I hear Jesus say. 

Now I am happy 

Where once I was sad, 

Serving my Saviour 

Has made my heart glad. 

No worldly pleasure 

Could ever compare 

With the joy of communing 

With Jesus in prayer. 

Now I tell others 

As onward I go; 

The joys of salvation 

I want all to know. 

If for perfect peace 

And rest you now pine; 

You'll find it in Jesus, .. 

The Saviour Divine. 

Yes, I've found something better 
Than this world at last,- 
The old life of sin 
And Its sorrow is past. 
Deep peace in my soul 
And no longer downcast, 
I've found something 
In Jesus at last, 
-Selected by Charles and Leona Miller 



Paul had been taken tp Felix, the governor of Judea. 
The Roman captain, Lysius, had taken him by night to 
escape a plot of the Jews to kill him. The Jews then 
sent men to the Roman governor to accuse Paul falsely 
of deeds that he was not guilty of. Paul was allowed 
to speak for himself, and in his defense before Felix 
and his accusers, the Jews, he finally said, "I worship 
the God of my fathers, believing all things which are 
written in the lav; and the prophets; and have hope 
toward God which they themselves also allow, that there 
shall be a resurrection of the dead both of the just 
and the unjust." 

The governor had married a Jewish wife named Drusilla 
and he knew of the Jews 1 religion. Knowing In his heart 
that Paul was innocent but not wanting to offend the 
Jews, he asked them to wait till the chief captain, 
Lysius, who had saved Paul's life should come and tell 
what he knew of Paul and his accusers. 

After Felix the governor had dismissed the Jews, he 
^ave Paul the privilege of seeing any of his friends 
that' would come to him. Then after a time Felix and 
his wife, Drusilla, sent for Paul to hear about Paul's 
faith in Jesus. As Paul spoke to them of righteousness, 
temperance and the judgement to come, Felix trembled 
because he knew Paul spoke the truth. Then he said to 
Paul, fl Go your way for this time; when I have a con- 
venient season I will call for you." 

I don't think that Felix ever called and asked Paul 
about Jesus again. What a pity that a man who was con- 
vinced that Jesus was his saviour, would turn down sal- 
vation because of pride. He would not give up riches 
and pleasures in this life so he could live forever, 
even though he knew there was a judgement to come. 

Putting off Jesus for things we think are more im- 
portant for the present will never do. Jesus says, 
"Seek first the kingdom of heaven and His righteousness. r 

— Rudolph Cover 


VOL. 19 APRIL, 1972 NO. 4 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Awake, awake, earth 1 

Thy many voices raise, 
And let the echoing hills 

Repeat the note of praise. 
Let all the isles rejoice, 

Let seas take up the strain, 
Christ from the dead hath come. 

He lives, He lives again. 

Awake, awake, earth I 

Forget the hour of gloom, 
When in thy shuddering breast 

Thy Maker claimed a tomb. 
Put off thy wintry robes 

For garb of joyous spring, 
Crown thee with lilies fair, 

To greet the risen King. 

' J 

Lift up thy gates with praise 

And robes of joy put on, 
The Lord of life and death 

Hath risen to His throne. 
He hath gone up on high, 

And giveth gifts .to men; 
He lives, no more to die, 

He lives, He lives again. 

By Lucy Randolph Flemming, 19th Century 

"THE FMl—GRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


"Wherefore let them that suffer according to the 
will of God, commit the keeping of their souls to him 
in well doing as unto a faithful Creator." (I Peter 


"For which cause I also suffer these things 3 never- 
theless I am not ashamed: For I know in whom I have 
believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that 
which I have committed unto him against that day # " 
(II Timothy 1:12) 

Our whole lifetime of service to follow Jesus is a 
committal to Him for life, which means to have the 
Ward of God as our guide and promised help along the 
way* What a wonderful opportunity to have this great 
power and protection so afforded. We are assured, as 
Jesus says: "If a man love me, he will keep my words; 
and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, 
and make our abode with him." (John 14:23) 

Ever present, ever available, ever knowing how we 
are and what we are doing! Isn ! t it just part of His 
loving kindness and wise provision He has shown to us? 

I have often wondered how the faithful ones of the 
ages could so bravely face persecution, pain and death 
and go to the . stake with a song on their lips J The 
Apostle Paul said: "Therefore I take pleasure in in- 
firmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecu- 
tions, in distresses for Christ s sake, for when I am 
weak, then am I strong." (II Corinthians 12:10) 

"But call to remembrance the former days, in the 
which after ye were illuminated, ye endured a great 
fight of afflictions: partly whilst ye were made a gaz- 
ing stock both by reproaches and afflictions: and part- 
ly, whilst ye became companions of them that were so 
used* For ye had compassion of me in my bonds, and 
took joyfully the spoiling of your goods, knowing in 


yourselves that ye have In heaven an enduring sub-' 
stance." (Hebrews 10:32-34) 

Stephen, as his enemies were persecuting him, could 
look up joyfully to heaven and say: "Behold I see the 
heavens opened, and the Son of man standing at the 
right hand of God." And he said as the stones were 
falling on him, "Lord Jesus receive my spirit*" ( a 
whole committal) And giving up his life", he closed by 
saying with a loud voice, "Lord, lay not this sin to 
their charge." (Acts 7:56,59,60) 

I do not know when this holy committal is fully 
realized* Many times we pray the Lord to take care of 
us, to guide and direct us, to lead us safe home, and 
at those times we may feel closer to God, Yet there 
comes a time to all of us, as we near the end of the 
way, when we' may feel greatly the need of God's ten- 
der care, when all other kind helps and comforts' fail. 

This is what was the reserve power ' and strength ' 
that came close to those consecrated ones who knew 
their time of departure by stake or execution was at 
hand. They could repeat, as Jesus did In the closing 
moments of life: "And when Jesus had cried with a loud 
voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my 
spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost." 
(Luke 23:46) Yes, He too committed. His soul to the 
keeping of His Heavenly Father, 

Our committal we have made to God has a rich reward 
even in this life I Paul says, "Therefore if any man 
be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are 
passed away; behold all things are become new. And all 
things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself, 
by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of 
reconciliation ) To wit, that God was in Christ, recon- 
ciling the world unto himself, not imputing their tres- 
passes unto them; and hath committed unto us the word 
of reconciliation . Now then we are ambassadors for 
Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray 
you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God." 
(II Corinthians 5*17-20) 

Dear Reader, do you belong to Him? Have you given 


to Him your committal? And can you feel the fellow- 
ship flowing between God and you? that you can chime 
in with all the dear children of God to feel within 
your heart that these words belong to you too where 
Paul says, ,T We then as workers together with him be- 
seech you also that ye receive not the grace of God in 
vain." (II Cor. 6:1) Why? "For he hath made him to 
be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made 
the righteousness of. God in him." (II Cor. 5:21) Oh 
how He has committed Himself to usi 

Another great work. He has given us: "And the things 
that thou hast heard of me among many witnesses, the . 
same commit thou to faithful' men, who shall be able to 
teach others also." (II Timothy 2:2) The work of our 
Master goes on and on, even as Jesus says: "All power 
is given unto me in heaven and in earth. Go ye there- 
fore, and teach all nations, baptising them in the 
name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy 
Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever 
I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, 
even unto the end of the world. Amen. (Matthew 28:18- 

So down through, the ages there have been living wit- 
nesses of our. Lord Who gave these words of action. 
These still desire to follow the Lord where ever He 
goeth, and rejoice that these words of truth have been 
kept alive from day to day, year to year, century on 

We still of this _ age can make our committal to God, 
and take "that good thing," (II Timothy 1:14) the word 
of Life that has been handed to us, the. torch of divine 
truth. Let us carry it joyfully, and sacredly, ready 
to give it to others when our work is~done until the 
last living ones see the Lord Jesus coming in the 
clouds of heaven, and they go to. meet Him in the air 
to be gathered, home , our- pledge and committal fulfilled. 

Our faithful Creator will npt fail* us.: Let us not 
fail Him. 

My Saviour I would follow 
Thee only all the way; 



Thy living Word to hallow, 
My staff, my guide and stay. 

keep me ever near Thee 
From dangers that abound; 

Thy voice to ever cheer me 
When darkness gathers round. 

1 bless the day of learning 
When first I heard of Thee; 

Began that longing, yearning 
Upon my parent's knee.. 

And later on in knowing , 

I felt the cross life pain. 

To see Thy life's blood flowing , 
Thy loss , my richest gain. 

Thy love for me and others, 
To take the sinner *s place; 

My sisters and my brothers, 
We can be saved by grace. 

what a joy of hearing 
Thy rising from the tomb, 

And soon to be appearing 

To loved ones deep in gloom. 

give me grace and boldness 
To witness for Thy word; 

And keep me form all coldness, 
Endearing to Thee, Lord. 

To see Thy great salvation, 
Be marching on to save, 

Till every tribe and nation 
Be risen from the grave. 

We hail Thy beacon glowing 
To others young and strong; 

In grace and wisdom growing, 
The waiting be not long. 


that our risen Saviour *~* 

Each heart could enter in 
To gain His loving favor , 

And now be saved from sin. 

For God in judgment coming, 

All stand before His bar. 
And all the righteous homing 

Beyond the highest star. 

Committing all our being. 

To thee at last to come, 
Thy presence to be seeing, 

When we are safe at home. 

— J. I. Cover 

Sonera, California 


The resurrection of Jesus and our hopes of resur- 
rection are so important that an attempt to preach the 
gospel without this is empty, like a walnut shell with- r* 
out a nut meat inside. But many today would have much 
of Jesus 1 social teachings but exclude the resurrection 
as unbelievable. Let us consider this paragraph by 
the apostle Paul? 

"For I delivered unto you first of all that which 
I also received, how that Christ uied for our sins 
according to the scriptures; And that he was buried, 
and that he rose again the third Cdy according to the 
scriptures: And that he was seen of Cephas, then of 
the twelve: After that, he was seen of above five 
hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part re- 
main unto this present, but some are fallen asleep. 
After that, he was seen of James; then of all the 
apostles. And last of all he was seen of me also, as 
of one born out of due time. 11 (I Corinthians 15:3-&) 

This describes the basis of the Christian faith. 
It contains the fulfilling of the scriptures, the 
atonement for sin, the resurrection of Jesus (His power 


fT* over death) and the witness of men who saw all this. 

None of these can be left out in a faithful representa- 
tion of the gospel of Jesus Christ. The resurrection 
is essential in our faith because by this Jesus demon- 
strated His power over death and His power to deliver 
us from death. Jesus 1 ascension, the coming of the 
Holy Spirit and the resulting birth and growth of the 
church all establish the Importance of these basic 

So important is the message of the resurrection as 
a part of the gospel that Mathias was immediately 
ordained to fill Judas' place for the very purpose /as 
Peter said, "to be a witness with us of his (Jesus') 

So important Is the hope of the resurrection in our 
lives today that the apostle writes in the same "chap- 
ter (I Cor, 15:19), "If In this life only we have hope 
in Christ, we are of all men most miserable. 1 ' Perhaps 
this is hard to understand if we listen to those who 
now preach a "social gospel" In which we are told that 
Jesus was a "great teacher" who came to "bring about 
^ social reforms: to help the poor, relieve the sick, 

feed the hungry, raise the oppressed. Certainly Jesus 
did this. But He did more. And He is more than a 
"great teacher." 

In this "social gospel" the highest goal is to im- 
prove conditions on earth. It matters not that one 
is a Christian as long as he is working for the good 
of humanity.- Christianity is represented as "one of 
the world's great religions" as Jesus was "one of the 
world's great teachers." The apostle's words certain- 
ly must apply here. "If in this life only we have 
hope in Christ. .." 

But the rest of the verse "...we are of all men most 
miserable." How can this be true of men who are making 
the world a better place to live and teaching reforms, 
helping the needy and raising living standards? Some 
times we must reach a perspective higher than earth if 
we are to understand thoughts that are higher than 
earthly thoughts. Can we stand higher for a moment 


and view the overall picture as God must see it so 
well. With this longer -vision. .we see the earth and 
this* life we are now living as a very small part of 
the picture. It is a small part but a very important 
part because it is our present — the time in which we 
can act. Our decisions here have eternal results. 
But this life is quickly over. In realizing this we 
see that we must have hopes beyond this life or our 
hopes are soon past and gone. This then is one reason 
we would be miserable: because we would lack the hope 
in Jesus Christ that reaches beyond this life to life 

Another reason concerns the basic issue at stake. 
If we are preaching a "social gospel" that has this 
life only in view, we are actually substituting our 
ideas and plans for the far greater ones of God. We 
are hindering the real preaching of the gospel which 
includes the resurrection and has this far-reaching 
view and eternal aim. So we are a hindrance to God's 
plan and a tool of Satan and in. this way "of all men 
most miserable," We would lack the joy and peace of 
knowing we are servants of God and would miss the 
everlasting life and eternal salvation. 

As we said, the attempt to represent the gospel 
without the resurrection is like a walnut with a shri- 
veled nut meat inside. It cannot be eaten, and if 
planted it will not grow. But God wants us to be hap- 
py (not miserable) here and also to have the eternal 
view and hopes of a more glorious life after the 
resurrection. Consider I Timothy 4:8: "...Godliness 
is profitable unto all things, having promise of the 
life that now is, and of that which* is_ to come." 
Compare this now with, the other verse:' "If in this 
life only we have hope in Christ, we "are of all men 
most miserable." What a difference the hope of the 
resurrection makes! 

The apostle compares the. glory of the resurrection 
to a new plant growing out of a dead seed. The seed 
has the spark of life, but the seed itself must die 
and rot with the new plant springing "out of it. Some- 
times the new green shoot comes up with a husk from the 



old seed still clinging to the top of it. Then we can 
see the contrast. That green shoot is beautiful, alive 
and growing while the seed is brown, dead and decaying* 

We don't know too much about the new bodies we will 
have in the resurrection, but we know they will be bet- 
ter than we have now. The apostle says further , "So 
also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown' in 
dishonour; it is raised in glory; it is sown in weak- 
V ness; it is raised in power; It is sown a natural body; 
it is raised a spiritual body. . . As we have borne the 
image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of 
the heavenly. 11 Jesus promises: "Because I live ye 
shall live also. n (John 14:19) — L.C. 



Dear Brethren and Sisters; I have been much im- 
pressed with the meekness, gentleness, love and ulti- 
mate glory of the New. Covenant as compared with the 
pomp, ceremony and materialism of the Old, that I feel 
to offer a few lines of thought, hoping that other 
brethren may clothe them with the flesh of words and 
that the Holy Spirit may bless them to the conversion, 
comfort, upbuilding and salvation of some precious 


Old: The bloody circumcision and obedience to the 
law of Moses. 

New: The washing of regeneration and obedience to 
the commands of the Gospel of Jesus our Lord. 


Oldr The magnificent Temple of Jerusalem of costly 
hewn stone and ornaments and fine gold and precious 

New; Men shall everywhere lift up holy hands with- 
out wrath or doubting. 

Oldr The blood of bulls and goats and sheep* and 


10 • . ' THE PILGRIM 


New: Present your bodies a living sacrifice , holy 
and acceptable unto the Lord which is your reasonable 

Old: Written on gates and posts and on the. front- 
lets or phylacteries- 
New: "I will put my laws into their mind, and write 
them in their hearts and I will be to them a God and 
they shall be to me a people/ 1 


Old: Purple and fine linen, miter and ephod, jew- 
eled breastplate and broad phylactery. 

New: The carpenter* s vesture, the fisherman 1 s coat, 
the' tentmaker* s cloak, the' garb of common labor. 


Old: Nearly three-hundred trained musicians, who 
prophesied with harps, with psalteries, and clang of 
cymbals, continuously by courses and the blowing of 
trumpets by the priests on the new moons and Sabbaths, 

New: "And they sang an hymn and went out. 11 Sing- 
ing with grace In your hearts to the Lord, in psalms 
and hymns and spiritual songs. 

Old: Thou shalt not forswear thyself but shalt 
perform unto the Lord thine oaths. 

New: Swear not at all, but let your yea he yea and 
your nay be nay for whatsoever is more than these Com- 
eth of evil. 


Old: Public greetings saying Rabbi, Rabbi. 

New: Neither be ye called master for one is your 
Master, even Christ, and ye are all brethren. There- 
fore greet ye one another with a holy kiss of love. 

Old: An eye for an eye, stroke for stroke, cursing 
for cursing. 



*- New; Love for enemies, good for evil, blessing - ■ 
for cursing. 


Oldr Lands, fruitful seasons, long life, freedom 
from enemies. 

New: Peace of mind through obedience to the Gospel 
and in the world to come peace and joy and life eternal 
through Jesus Christ our Lord. 

By Adam Frantz in THE VINDICATOR, August, 1901. 
Selected by Daniel F. Wolf 


Health enough to make work a pleasure. 
Wealth enough to support your needs. 

Strength to battle with difficulties and overcome them. 
Grace enough to confess your sins and forsake them. 
patience enough to toil until some good is accomplished. 
Charity enough to see some good in your neighbor. 
Love enough to move you to be useful and helpful to 
fT others. 

Faith enough to make real the things of God. 
Hope enough to remove all anxious fears concerning the 

future . 
Selected by Charles and Leona Miller 

The Lord willing, we of the Old Brethren expect to 
hold our Annual Meeting at the Wakarusa meeting house 
May 18, 19, and 20. We invite members- and friends to 
come and be with us at that time. 

— Elmer. Brovont 

MOORE — A daughter, Brenda Marie, born to Kenneth and 
Doris Moore of Hughson, California on March 29. 
BAKER — A daughter, Ruby Elizabeth, born to Paul and 
Mary Baker of Maple, Ontario on April 18. 


By D. L. Miller 

The seven churches of Asia, to which St, John ad- 
dressed the first chapter of the Book of Revelation, 
all lay within a radius of 100 miles of Smyrna, Ephesus 
being nearest, about 45 miles away, and Laodicea far- 
thest, a little over 100 miles to the southeast. To 
the northeast, some 60 miles was Thyatira. Sardis lies 
in the same direction about 70 miles distant, whilst 
the site of Per games is found to the northwest 80 miles 
and Philadelphia about 90 miles to the east... 

The only one of the seven cities that has escaped 
entire destruction and ruin is Smyrna, The other six 
are now only knownas heaps of ruins and desolate places. 
This fact has been construed by some writers to be the 
fulfillment of prophecy. As the church at Smyrna was 
the only one fully commended, and had the promise of 
the, crown of life, it is claimed that as the city re- 
mains in a flourishing condition, and that the Christ- 
ian religion has always been kept up here in some form 
or other, that the words of John referred to the tem- 
poral affairs of the city as well as the spiritual con- 
dition of the church. It seems to us that this strain- 
ing and twisting the words of Holy Writ to show that 
some propheeir is being fulfilled, does harm rather than 
good. The words of the Spirit were directed to the 
churches and even to individual members in some cases, 
and not to the cities. It was the Christian believers 
at Laodicea that were neither hot nor cold, and the 
words of inspiration came to them and not to the city 
of Laodicea. And the same is true of all the seven 

As a matter of fact, the city of Smyrna has been de- 
stroyed no less than six times by earthquakes and wars, 
and today nothing remains of the ancient city known to 
the apostles but the crumbling walls of the citadel 
built by Alexander the Great which the Turks, with the 



spirit of vandalism that has always characterized their 
treatment of places made almost sacred to Christians \ - 
by associations of the past, are making a stone -quarry 
of, and soon no trace of the old Smyrna known to St. 
John will remain. 

But this letter is to tell about- an excursion to the 
ruins of Ephesus, and what we saw there. The distance 
from Smyrna to the little village of Ayasoluk is nearly 
50 miles and the ruins are a mile or two from the vil- 
lage. The railroad winds through the valleys formed by 
the hills and mountains that cover this part of the 
coast of Asia Minor. • . 

The journey was full of new and strange sights to 
us and will not soon be forgotten. We arrived at the 
little Turkish village at about 11 o 1 clock and at once 
set out to see the ruins -of the fallen city. 

Ephesus was one among the oldest cities in the world, 
its history dating far back into the dim and shadowy 
ages of tradition. It was an old city when the apostles 
preached the gospel of Jesus in its streets. Here stood 
the great temple of "Diana of the Ephesians," which, on 
account of its great size, its 'elaborate workmanship,' 
its fine marble columns and splendid decorations, was 
given a place high up among the seven wonders of the 
world. Here St* John died and was buried. Here the 
mother of Christ, who had been especially commended to 
the care of St. John by the dying Savior, is said to 
have died and found her last resting place. Here the 
body of St. Luke was entombed and here St, Paul labored 
and suffered for the salvation of souls, and was com- 
pelled to fight wild beasts after the manner of men. 
Here he spent two years of his life preaching the Word 
and performing many miracles, and his final leave-taking 
of the elders of the church at Ephesus is full of pathos 
and of the tender love and care he manifested for the 
flock. Who can read it without being moved to tears? 

Second to Jerusalem itself, this is one among the 
most interesting places that we shall visit on our jour- 
ney. Near the village we notice the piers of an aque- 
duct built chiefly with huge blocks of white marble 
taken from the temple of Diana. Many of the blocks 


show .fine., carving and scroll work, whilst others bear 
inscriptions showing that they had been used in the old 
temples Near this is to be seen a Turkish mosque built 
•partly out of the old marble, and a Turkish cemetery 
around which a wall has been constructed of the same 
material. We noticed on top of the wall a number of 
blocks of white marble, beautifully sculptured, repre- 
senting flowers, and leaves in bas-relief. 

Vie now visited the ruins of an old Turkish mosque 
which is interesting only because in it are .to be found 
many of the columns and pillars of the ancient temple. 
Crossing a plowed field, we came into a well-worn path 
that led us directly to the ruins of the old temple. 

For many centuries the site of this building was en- 
tirely lost, but recent excavations, with inscriptions 
found upon the buried columns, showed that here stood 
the temple dedicated to the heathen goddess Diana. The 
pavement of the temple is ten or twelve feet below the 
present surface of the ground. Inside of the large 
square excavation we observed blocks, of marble, columns 
of granite, pedestals, and pieces of statuary lying where 
they fell fifteen centuries ago. And this is all that 
remains of this wonderful work of human art and skill! 
What a great leveler is time I The loftiest and strong- 
est built temples crumble beneath his hand! 

This old temple served for several centuries as a 
ouarry of ready cut marble. Many churches in Europe 
have some of its ancient marble in use. Columns, cor- 
nices, architraves, and huge blocks of marble which com- 
posed the walls, the pavements and stairways of marble, 
have nearly all been carried away. So much of it was 
removed that not even a mound was left to mark the place 
where it atood, when the plain of Ephesus was filled up 
by the accumulations of centuries to the depth of twelve 
or fourteen feet. 

For generations the Asiatic farmers had plowed over 
the ruins, and many successive crops of barley had been 
harvested over the place where in all its glory stood 
this great wonder of the ancient world. In 1869, Mr. 
Wood, digging in one of the barley fields, discovered 
some old ruins, and a year later further excavation 



showed that he had discovered the ancient site of the 
temple of Diana. 

From the temple we go up the hillside to the old 
stadium. The arches upon which the seats were placed, 
are still in place , and the form of the huge amphithea- 
tre can be plainly traced. It was of immense size, 
containing seats for 70,000 people. A large, arched 
way is shown through which the wild animals were brought 
into the arena. Here the Ephesians were wont- to assem- 
ble to witness the combats between men and half-famished 
wild beasts; lions, tigers and leopards were mostly 
used. In the days of Christians persecution, thousands 
of the followers of Christ met death in this way. 

As we stood on the height looking around- upon the 
desolation on all sides, we could hardly believe that 
around us, at one time, stood a large, populous city 
with all of its life, activity and bustle. Nothing of 
it now remains but a few old walls and arches. The 
harbor in which the ships of the city once floated is 
now a marsh... The desolation and ruin of Ephesus is 
complete. It will never be inhabited again. Never 
again will go up from -the midst of this old stadium the 
wail of the helpless victim, sacrificed to gratify the 
greed for blood of the inhabitants of the old city. 
And who will say that the blood of the Christian martyr 
has not cried unto the Lord, and that His Judgment has 
fallen upon a city drunken with the blood of the saints. 

On the hillside half a mile away from the Stadium 
are the remains of an old wall. This is called St. 
Paul T s prison, and here, it is said, the apostle was 
imprisoned. The tombs of St. John and St. Luke are 
also shown. 

The walls of the old theatre are the best preserved. 
Huge pillars of solid blocks of granite support the 
arches. It must have been an enormous structure. The 
solid walls are cracked and crumbling, but the earth- 
quakes have not yet leveled them to the ground. 

What builders these ancients were! Here are walls 
that have stood for 3000 years, and are likely to stand 
for many years to come... _ LETTERS FR0 M BIBLE LANDS 

ALMOST PERSUADED Acts 25 & 26 ^ 

One night the Lord stood by Paul and told him that 
he was to testify of Jesus in Rome also. Paul was a 
Roman citizen and as such had certain that 
others did not. He had used his citizenship to save 
his life more than once. Knowing that to be turned. 
over to the Jews would mean death, he asked to be judged 
by Geasar. Festus, who was governor after Felix, grant- 
ed Paul this privilege. 

In those days travel was slow, and it wasn T t possible 
to go places at a moment's notice like we do now. Rome 
was a long way from Caesarea and Paul had to wait till 
a boat was ready to sail. While he waited in prison, 
Governor .Festus was visited by King Agrippa and his 
wife, Bernice. Festus told King Agrippa of Paul's trial 
and how he had appealed unto Caesar. King Agrippa was 
curious about Paul's unjust treatment and asked if he 
might listen to Paul's account of himself. 

So on* the next day King Agrippa and the important 
men of the city came with great pomp and show to hear 
Paul. Then Agrippa said to Paul, "You are permitted 
to speak for yourself." ^ 

Paul, bound with chains, told them of his life and 
how he had persecuted those that believed in Jesus; how 
that the Lord appeared to him on his journey to Damas- 
cus and that Paul himself was now a believer in Jesus 
because he was convinced that Jesus had risen from the 
dead and was alive forevermore; that Jesus had told 
Paul that he was to be a witness for Him to the Gentiles. 
After telling how God had helped him up to the present 
time and reasoning to them about Jesus, Paul said to 
King Agrippa, "Do you believe the prophets?; I know 
that you do." 

Then King Agrippa said to Paul, "Almost thou per- 
suadest me to be a Christian." 

Paul replied, "I wish. to God that not only you, but 
also all that hear me today, were both almost and al- 
together like I am, except for these bonds." 

What a difference between Paul and King Agrippa. Paul 
was not ashamed of being bound for Jesus. Agrippa would 
not give up his position and pride to be a Christian. -R.C. 


VOL. 19 MAY & JUNE, 1972 NOS. 5 & 6 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Have thy affections been nailed to the cross? 

Is thy heart right with God? 
Cost thou count all things' for Jesus but loss? 

Is thy heart right with God? 

Hast thou dominion o ! er self and o*er sin? 

Is thy heart right with God? 
Over all evil without. and within? 

Is thy heart right with God? 

Is there no more condemnation for sin? 

Is thy heart right with God? 
Does Jesus rule in the temple within? 

Is thy heart right with God? 

Are all thy powers under Jesus T control? 

Is thy heart right with God? •, .. . 
Does He each moment abide in thy soul? 

Is thy heart right with God? : • 

Art thou now walking in heaven 1 s pure light? 

Is thy heart right with God? 
Is thy soul wearing the garment of white? 

Is thy heart right with God? 

Is thy heart right with God, 

Washed in the crimson flood, 
Cleansed and made holy, humble and lowly, 

Right in the sight of God? 

— Elisha A, Hoffman, 1839-1929 

THE FMLGRIIVl is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F, Wolf. 


This ultimate experience no doubt is near the hearts 
and minds of Christians as we travel along the highway 
of holiness on our journey home* It comes to us here 
to have implanted in our memories , our sweet associa- 
tions with loved ones, our fond anticipations to meet 
them again in this life, our deep affections that en- 
dears us to those we love. It is one of the sweet joys 
of living to again meet those we love, but we have sor- 
row at parting. All the joys this life affords are 
enhanced by dear companionship, 

Jesus, while here on earth, formed true and loyal 
companionships that gave Him some of the highest joys. 
To discover those' loved ones brought some of the true 
rewards for sojourning in this world. 

Having loved His own. which were in this world, He 
loved them unto the end. (John 13:1) And we have 
His words of revelation of the glory world as He says 
to His Heavenly Father, "And now Father, glorify thou 
me, with thine own self with the glory which I had with 
thee before the world was . "(John 17": 57 

Jesus is o ur connecting link with heaven, and He has 
revealed much concerning that beautiful and happy place. 
Heaven was before earth, and it is our impression that 
in creating this earth, many things that we have on 
earth were patterned after that divine abode. 

We read of the city that hath foundations whose 
builder and maker is God. (Hebrews 11:10) 

it seems the garden of Eden was patterned after the 
Paradise of God: to each a tree of Life; a fountain 
and river of Life; all things in heaven on a grander 
and more glorious scale"! 

We have cities here; the street of that Holy City 
is of pure gold as it were transparent glass. (Revela- 


tion 21:21) Gates of pearl are mentioned. The old 
city gates of this earth were important to be opened 
and closed* We see that while heaven Is on a grander 
scale, yet there are similarities. 

Will we have individual personalities over there? 
Here we enter into mysteries not fully explained but 
told us nevertheless. 

One great mystery told us is the resurrection. The 
Bible teaches that all the dead will -be raised to life. 
There are two resurrections, and God says, "Blessed 
and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: 
on such the second death hath no power, but they shall 
reign with him a thousand years.' 1 (Rev. 20:6) Jesus 
says, "All that are in their graves shall hear his 
voice and shall come forth." (John 5:28,29) 

In a mysterious way our natural body, though decayed 
back to earth, will be changed as we read: "who shall 
change our vile body that it may be fashioned like unto 
his glorious body, according to the working he is able 
even to subdue all things unto himself." (Philippians 
3:21) It is surely evident the change is from an 
earthly body to a heavenly body, but soul and spirit 
are the same. The soul that dwells within the natural 
body is transferred Into the glorious body." "There is 
a natural body and there is a spiritual body." (I Cor. 


Jesus, when questioned by the Jews, said (Luke 20:31) 
"Now that the dead are raised, even Moses showed at the 
bush when he -called the Lord, the God of Abraham, and 
the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. For he is not 
the God of the dead but of the living: for all live 
unto him." A braham , Isaac , and Jacob have their iden - 
tity . 

Job says 3 "Whom I shall -see for myself and mine eyes 
shall behold, and not another." (Job 19:27) Job be- 
lieved he would keep his identity* 

Jesus again says, "And I say unto you, that many 
shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down 
with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of 
heaven." (Matthew 8:11) It can be well assumed here 


that all are equal distinctive characters. 

Also we read> "For now we see through a glass, dark- 
ly but then face to face ; now I know In part; lout then 
shall I know even as also I am known. 1 ' (I Cor. 13*12) 
Here shows equality of situation and knowledge of each 

"To him that overcometh will I make a pillar, in the 
temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I 
will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of 
the city of my God, which is New Jerusalem, which Com- 
eth down out of heaven from my God: and I will write 
upon him my new name." 

0, to have assurance to always be with God, to be a 
part of the holy temple, each one having registered as 
belonging there I "To him that overcometh the same 
shall be clothed in white raiment: and I will not blot 
out his name out of thebook of Life but will confess 
his name before my Father and before his angels." (Rev. 
3:5) How clearl How plaint 

"To him that overcometh wall I give to eat of the 
hidden manna, and I will give him a white stone, and in 
the white stone a new name written which no man knoweth 
saving he that receiveth it." Here is shown individu- 
ality of the highest orderl 

Luke 9:29-31 tells of the Mount of Transfiguration 
where Peter, James and John were with Jesus, "And as 
he prayed the fashion of his countenance was altered, 
and his raiment was white and glistering. And behold, 
there talked with him two men which were Moses and 
Ellas: which appeared in glory, and spake of his de- 
cease which he should accomplish at Jerusalem." Here 
we see "Moses and Ellas talking with Jesus, and no doubt 
could talk with each other. And here again is shown 
Individual character. 

Jesus says the children of God are equal" to the 
angels. (Luke 20:36) n We shall be like him for we. 
shall see him as he is, and everyone that hath this 
hope in him purifieth himself even as he is pure." 
(I John 3:2,3) 

Abraham said unto the man who missed heaven: "Som, 


remember," and he remembered also that he had five 
brethren who lived in his father 1 s house, (Luke 16:28) 
If the rich man that missed heaven could remember . 
things and people in life upon earth, how about those 
who reach heaven? 

The souls under the altar say, "How long Lord holy 
and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on 
them that dwell upon the earth?" (Rev. 6:10) We are 
persuaded that these souls under the altar had vivid 
memories of their persecutions and sufferings on earth. 
But there is a vast field of design and purpose that 
binds and seals this life with the life to come. 

The advent of sin Into the. world, staining deep the 
heart of man caused that straying away in that estrange- 
ment that touched the heart of God, for He loved man 
Whom He had created. And so the divine plan of sal- 
vation was already in reserve, even before man sinned: 
the "Lamb. slain, from the foundation of the world ." 
(Rev. 13r6) 

The sacred history of prophecy of this unfolding 
plan draws heaven and earth together, and the success 
of this divine plan shows the redeeming power of God. 

At the time of Jesus coming to earth, the Herald 
of His coming said, "Behold I bring you good tidings 
of great joy which shall be to all people." (Mat. 2:10) 
A lot of heaven was brought to earth when Jesus came, 
and the work of the Creator was blest, and the Book of 
Remembrance (Mai. 3:16) continued to be written of all 
the wonderful blessings emanating from the plan of the 

This has been so graphicly told in God's Holy Word, 
which includes the wonderful songs of Moses and the 
Lamb of God that taketh away the sin of the world." 
(Rev. 15:3) (John 1:29) 

The best of earth and the good of heaven are so 
blended together that the record of the benefit of 
God's love may endure throughout all eternity. 

Living, loving individuals, once on earth and now 

in heaven in glorified bodies, perfect, complete, each 

with their own individuality, every talent and virtue 


increased, with vivid memories, sing and glorify God, 
joyful in His presence. Each is saved from sin and 
woe; each is like Jesus, and with Jesus conscious in- 
dividuals, yet joined together with Him in power, hap- 
piness and holiness throughout eternity. Shall we 
know each other there? 

When our earthly life is ended, 

And our earthly mission done; 
We shall go across the river 

At the setting of the sun. 
And in God's celestial mansions, 

Clothed in garments strangely fair, 
We shall know those gone before us, 

We shall know each other there* 

Do not tell us that our loved ones 

Lose their earthly memories quite; 
When they sing among the angels 

In those heavenly mansions bright ♦ 
I know that we shall know them, 

Though the angel robes they wear, 
We shall know those gone before us, 

We shall know each other there. 

les we* 11 meet them In the city 

That is just across the strand, 
And our hearts shall leap with rapture 

As we take them by the hand. 
how sweet will be the meeting, 

Earthly words can ne'er declare; 
When we meet those gone before us 

We shall know each other there. 

From memory of an old song Father and 
his brothers used to sing. 

— J. I. Cover 

Sonora, California 



Verse 1. "Who hath believed our report? " This part 
of verse one is in the form of a question but the im- 
plication is that very few have believed the preaching 
of the prophet or his prophetic utterances of which 
this 53rd chapter of Isaiah is an important portion. 
"And to whom is the arm of the Lord revealed?" This 
indicates that some momentous event is about to occur. 
Isaiah 40:10: "Behold, the Lord God will come with 
strong hand j and his arm shall rule for him: behold , 
his reward is with him, and his. work before him." In 
this instance (Isaiah 53:1) the extremely important 
event is the coining of the Messiah. 

Verse 2. "For he shall grow up before him (God) as 
a tender plant, and as a. root out of a dry ground." 
The teaching of Christ was so fresh and revolutionary 
it was like a tender plant springing from a root in the 
dry and barren desert of Jewish formalism. "He hath no 
form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there 
is no beauty that we should desire him." That is, no, 
beauty that would attract the worldly minded. 

Verse 3. "He is despised and rejected of men,", 
How truly was this prophecy fulfilled. "A man of sor- 
rows, and acquainted with grief." Yes, how many many 
people came to Him with their pain and grief, not only 
for their own relief, but for the relief of their 
friends and relatives. "We hid as it were our faces 
from him." How many people like Peter are ashamed to 
look at Christ and because of a sense of guilt are 
afraid that instead of a look of injured love they will 
receive a look of condemnation. "He was despised and 
we esteemed him not." How many times have we failed 
to speak a good word for the Master when we have heard 
His name used in a derogatory manner as many rude and 
profane individuals do. 

Verse 4. "Surely he hath borne our griefs, and car- 
ried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smit- 
ten of God and afflicted." It was our griefs and our 
sorrows, not His own that caused His suffering. This 


is brought out more clearly in the next verse. 

Verse 5. "But he was wounded for our transgressions, 
he was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of 
our peace was upon him and with his stripes we are 
healed. 11 Yes, He was certainly bruised on the cross 
for our wrong doings, and His chastisement brought 
about our peace with God, and we Christians are healed 
of our spiritual as well as our physical infirmities. 

Verse 6, "All we like sheep have gone astray; we 
have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath 
laid on him the iniquities of us all.' 1 Yes, many Chris- 
tians as well as non-Christians- have gone astray and 
have wanted our own way, especially in this generation, 
but when we acknowledge our sins, God lays them on 
Christ, the sinless one, for we sinful human creatures 
could never bear our own sins to forgiveness. 

Verse ?• "He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, 
yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb 
to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers 
is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth. " In verse seven 
we see the silent Christ. Even Pilate was puzzled at 
His silence. But Christ knew as did a modern rioted 
individual who was severely critized that "Silence is 
the greatest rebuke." 

Verse 8. "He was taken from prison and from judg- 
ment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was 
cut off out of the land of the living: for the trans- 
gression of my people was he stricken." Christ never 
received a fair trial, but was cut off out of the land 
of the living for His own people, the Jews. 

Verse 9* "And he made his grave with the wicked, 
and with the rich in his death; because he had done no 
violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth." He 
was crucified as a common criminal between two crimi- 
nals, and when He was dead, He was buried in a rich 
man T s tomb although He had done no violence. No deceit 
was in His mouth because He had never tried to deceive 

Verse 10. "Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him; 
he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul 


an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall 
prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall 
prosper in his hand. 11 Even though Christ had done no 
wrong, it pleased the Lord to bruise Him and put Him 
to grief because of the atonement this accomplished. 
Seed here has reference to His spiritual children which 
will give Christ a lot of satisfaction and satisfy His 
Heavenly Father. 

Verse 11. "He shall see the travail of his soul and 
shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous 
servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniqui- 
ties. " By the knowledge of Christ shall His righteous- 
ness justify many, In other words, if you know Christ 
personally you will be justified for He has borne our 

Verse 12. "Therefore will I divide him a portion 
with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the 
strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: 
and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he 
bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the 
transgressors." Because He was willing to be offered 
He has' His name in the spiritual hall of fame along 
with the old patriarchs and the more recent martyrs 
with whom He will share the spoil — those who have been 
won to Christ through the preaching of the gospel. 
The old prophet ends this famous and well-loved portion 
of prophecy by stating that Christ made intercession 
for the transgressors even when He was on the cross 
when He asked God to forgive them "for they know not 
what they do." And He is still making intercession for 
for transgressors. Thank God I 

— Guy Hootman 

Salida, California 

The Salida congregation have agreed, the Lord wil- 
ling, to hold our fall Love Feast on August 5th and 
6th of this year. A hearty Invitation and welcome is 
extended to members and friends to attend. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 



This important book of the Holy Bible is called 
"The Acts of the Apostles/ 1 but it could properly be 
called "The Acts of the Holy Spirit." The Apostles 
were the tools but the Holy Spirit was the power behind 
this great initial spread of the Gospel of Christ, 

The book opens with the closing scene of- Jesus' 
ministry on earth. He told His followers that soon 
they would be baptized with the Holy Ghost. Then they 
were to have power for the work of being Jesus 1 witness- 
es "Both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, 
and unto the uttermost part of the earth." These were 
Jesus r last words before He began to ascend to the 
Father. * As His disciples stood gazing, a cloud received 
Him out of their sight. 

They returned to Jerusalem as they were commanded. 
They were no longer dejected but expectant and waiting. 
They, had only ten days to tarry for the power Jesus 
had promised them. And when that power came, these men 
were never the same. They became men with a purpose, 
with a message, with God's hand upon them and His Spirit 
within moving them to the greatest work of conversion 
the world has ever knowa. 

Just three verses (Acts 2:2-4) describe the three 
signs of the coming of this mighty Spirit. There was 
the sound as of a rushing mighty wind; there was- the 
appearance of cloven tongues of fire which sat on each 
of the disciples; and there was the filling of the 
Holy Spirit when the disciples began to speak with 
other languages. These three verses describe an event 
of eternal Importance. God had it planned from eternity. 
Prophets spoke of it and Jesus promised this blessed 
Comforter to His disciples. 

The timing was right as Jerusalem was filled to 
capacity with "devout men out of every nation under 
heaven. 11 The feast of Pentacost had brought the people 
and when they heard of something unusual happening, the 
crowd gathered. Peter told. the crowd what was taking 
place and gave them that great pentacostal sermon tel- 
ling the people what they had done to Jesus and how 


God had raised Him from the dead and made Him both 
Lord and Christ. 

Three thousand souls were added to the church that 
day* This was just the beginning of the tremendous 
success of the preaching of the Word of God in the 
power of the Spirit, There were souls added daily and 
on one occasion five thousand believed. Later "multi- 
tudes both of men and women" were added. It is diffi- 
cult to compute or even imagine the numbers of souls 
that were saved as the mighty Spirit moved these people 
of God. Here are some other scriptures telling of this 
great turning to the Lord: 

"And the word of God increased; and the number of 
the disciples multiplied in Jerusalem greatly; and a 
great company of the priests were obedient to the 
faith." (Acts 6:7) 

The people of Samaria "With one accord gave heed un- 
to those things which Philip' spake J 1 (S:6) 

"And all that dwelt at Lydcla and Saron saw him 
(Aeneas made whole), and turned'to the Lord." (9:35) 

At Antiochr "Arid the hand of the Lord was with them: 
and a great number believed, and turned unto the Lord." 
(11:21) Later'at Antioch about Barnabas: "For he was 
a good man, and' full of the Holy Ghost and of faith: 
and much people was added unto the Lord," (11:24) 

"But the word of God grew and multiplied." (12:24) 

At Antioch in Pisidia: "Arid when the Gentiles heard 
this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the 
Lord: and as many as were ordained to eternal life 
believed." (13:48) 

"And it came to pass in Iconium, that they went both 
together into the synagogue of the Jews, and so spake, 
that a great multitude both of the Jews and also of the 
Greeks believed." (14:1) 

"And so were the churches established in the faith, 
and increased in number daily." (16: 5) 

At Thessalohica: "And some of them believed, and 
consorted with Paul and Silas; and of the devout Greeks 
a great multitude, and of chief women not a few." (17:4) 

At Berea: "Therefore many of them believed; also of 
honourable women which were Greeks, and of men, not a 


few.". (17:12) 

At Athens: "Howbeit certain men clave unto him, .and 
believed: among -the which was DIonysIus the Areopagite, 
and a woman named Damaris, and others with them," (17:34) 

At Gorinth: "And Crispus, the chief ruler of the 
synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his house;, and 
many of the Corinthians believed and were baptized ." 
(IB; 8) 

In Ephesusr "...all they which dwelt in Asia heard 
the word of the Lord Jesus, both Jews and Greeks." 
(19:10) "And many that believed came, and confessed, 
and shewed their deeds." (19:18) "So mightily grew 
the word -of God and prevailed." (19:20) 

These scriptures tell of only part of the work of 
Peter and Paul. The other apostles and leaders went 
to other parts of the world where they were no doubt 
also successful, by the power of the Spirit. Thus did 
the Lord build His church and the gates of hell could 
not prevail against it. When we get home to glory and 
stand before the throne of God we will see them — this 
"multitude that no man could number, of all nations, 
and kindreds, and people, and tongues... clothed \tfith 
white robes, and palms in their hands... saying, Sal- 
vation to our God which sitteth upon the throne, and 
unto the : Lamb." Will you be there? — L.C. 

Pray for everybody who needs prayer. If anybody 
jierits our condemnation, he needs our prayer. If any- 
body has sinned and suffered, he needs prayer. If 
anybody has treated me badly, he needs my prayer, not 
my resentment. If anybody is carrying a heavy load of 
responsibility, he needs my prayer. If I disapprove 
of his methods or ideas or his politics, he needs my 
prayer. Briefly, I need to pray for others, for all 
others that come to mind. 

Do that, and power will slowly accumulate, power to 
bless and sweeten and heal the world. How much power? 
Nobody knows. But that Power created the. universe! 
And"with:God nothing is impossible." — Frank C. Laubach 

Selected by Martha Cover 



■ STELLA M. -FLORA , -daughter of George and Sarah Ellen 
Wagoner, was born January 27/1882 near Flora, Carroll 
County, Indiana. - She departed this life April 14 s 1972 
at her home near Wakarusa, Elkhart County, Indiana 
where she has lived since 1919. She was 90 years, 2 
months and 18 days* 

She was married to Reuben R. Flora in December, 1.904. 
Reuben preceded her in death in 1953. 

She suffered a stroke one week before her passing. 

She -was the mother of 8 children, seven of whom are 
still living; Sylvia (Mrs, Daniel Wolf), Modesto, 
California, Delbert R. "of Elkhart, Catherine (Mrs. 
William Hitch), Long Barn, California, Rosetta (Mrs. 
Harold Myers) of New Paris, Clifford H. .of Wakarusa, 
Donald V. and Lois (Mrs. Kenneth Martin) , both of 
Nappanee, Indiana. - • •„ 

Her eldest son, Chester R. preceded her in death 
January 1, 1954. Also an infant grandson. 

There are 29 grandchildren and 25 great-grandchildren. 

She was the last of four children— one sister and 
two brothers. ■;," ', 

'She- was 'a member of-- the- Old Brethren Church, to 
which she remained loyal- and faithful. 

Some two years ago, she received the anointing ser- 
vice according to James 5:14 when in failing health, 
from which she recovered and. enjoyed reasonable health 
until one week before her passing. 

She was a loving mother and enjoyed the esteem of 
all who knew her, 

A short service was conducted in the forenoon of 

April 17 at 9:30 at the family home, R.R. 3, Nappanee, 

Indiana. Funeral services followed at 10:00 A.M. at 

the German Baptist West Meeting House by Brother Elmer 

Brovont and Brother Melvin Coning. The text used was 

St. John 11:26. The hymns used were 33J+ and 393 at the 

church. Burial was at the North Union Cemetery where 

hymn 456 was used. 

—The Family 


BLANCHE KINSLEY was born in Union Count y, Ohio on 
September 20, 1884 and passed away at 2:00 A*M. on 
May 27 j 1972 at the Rest Haven Nursing Home, Greenville, 
Ohio where she had resided most of the last eight years. 
She lived 87 years, 8 months and 7 days. 

Blanche was one of fourteen children born to Frank 
L. and Sarah Ellen Gantt of whom seven remain to mourn 
her passing. 

She was united in marriage November 28, 1936 to 
Myroh J. Kinsley who preceded her in death May 12, 19&4» 

Survivors include two step-daughters; Keturah (Mrs. 
John Skiles) of Bradford, and Mrs. Vergie Beckner, 
Phoenix, Arizona; seven step-grandchildren; and twelve 
step-great-grandchildren; two brothers: Frank Gantt, 
Springfield, Murray Gantt, Webster^ and five sisters: 
Miss Gertrude Gantt, Troy, Elizabeth (Mrs. Roy Lavy), 
Piqua, Mrs* Ida Bean, Springfield, Mrs. Eva Landes, 
Modesto, California, Esta (Mrs. Robert Hyatt), Piqua; 
as well as many neices, nephews and friends. 

Services were held at 2:00 P.M. Monday, May 29 at 
the Oak Grove German Baptist Church near Gettysburg ^ 
with Brother Elmer Brovont and Brother Melvin Coning 
officiating. Scriptures used were Revelation 14:13 
and 21:4 with hymns 384 and 392. Burial was in Sugar 
Grove Cemetery south of Covington. 

Blanche was a member of the Old Brethren Church and 
served with her husband in the ministry until his death. 

— : Elmer Brovont 

It is not death to die, 
To leave this weary road, 

And ! midst the brotherhood on high, 
To -be at home with God. 

It is not death to close 

The eye -long dimmed by tears; 

And wake in glorious repose, - 
To spend eternal years. 



It isn't the things we talk about 
No matter how fine and true; 

It isn't the way you seem to live 
Nor even the things you do. 

It isn't the creed you call your own, 

Nor the motto s on the wall] 
The only thing that really counts 

Is what's in your heart — that's all. 

It isn't the many friends you make, 
It's only the friends you keep; 
1 It, isn't the "you" the people see, 

It's what's in your heart — down deep.- 

It isn't what people say you are. 

Just let them talk as they please; 
It's what you know you are Inside, 

What counts is what God sees. 

Selected by Bertie Baker 

Creation of woman from the rib of man: .-■••> 

She was not made of his head to top him; 

Nor out of his feet to be trampled upon by him; 

But out of his side to be equal with him; 

Under his arm, to be protected; 

And near his heart to be beloved. 

— Matthew Henry 

CHILDREN ' S .PAGE ( Continued) 
be cast upon an island. 

This all came to pass as Paul said. The ship was 
caught in the sand and broken in two by the waves. 
Those that could swim jumped into the sea and swam 
ashore; the others took boards ! or broken pieces of the 
ship and floated to land. This was a great experience 
for Paul who knew that, "All things work together for 
good to them that love the Lord." — Rudy Cover 



Have you ever sailed in a large ship on the ocean? 
Sometimes I think I would like to. Two thousand years 
ago the ships weren't as large as they are now. They 
didn't have big engines to push them through the water 
but were driven by the wind with sails. Sailing a ship 
in those days was dangerous, especially in the winter 
when the storms- were severe. Many ships were wrecked 
on the rocks and in the storms. 

The apostle Paul was put on a ship when he was a 
prisoner and was sent from the city of Caesarea to 
Rome, a distance of nearly two thousand miles. The re 
were 2?6 people on Paul's ship so it was a large one 
for that time. After sailing many days they came to 
an Island called Crete , and Paul advised the captain 
bo stay there for the winter , saying that it had been 
revealed to him that the ship and their lives would, be 
in danger. Because Paul was just another prisoner, the 
captain didn't regard his advice and when a mild wind 
came from the south, they set sail for a harbor called 

It wasn't long till the wind began to blow hard, and 
soon a great storm was upon them so that they could not 
control the ship. It was a tempest and, fearing the 
boat .would fall apart, the captain had chains fastened 
around the ship .to hold it together. In three days 
they came close to a. small island where the water was 
shallow. Fearing they might get stuck in the quick- 
sand, they set sail to get away from the island and 
threw out everthing they could spare to lighten the 

For many days the storm continued and It became 
dark, so that they could not see the sun or the stars. 
They were,. lost and all hope of being saved was gone., 
Then Paul spoke to the men, "Be of good cheer.' 1 For 
God had revealed to him that no lives would be lost 
even though the ship would be wrecked and they would 


VOL. 19 JULY, 1972 NO. 7 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul/' 1 Peter 2; 1 1 


The Lord healeth all thy diseases. 
—Psalm 103:3 

Come, ye disconsolate, where' ere ye languish, 
Come, at the mercy seat fervently kneel: 

Here bring your wounded hearts, 

Here tell your anguish; 
Earth has no sorrow that heaven can not heal. 

Joy of the desolate, light of the straying, 
Hope of the penitent, fadeless and pure- 
Here speaks the Comforter, ' ; 
In mercy saying, 
Earth has no sorrow that heaven can not cure. 

Here see the bread of life; see waters flowing 
Forth from the throne of God, boundless in love; 

Come to the feast prepared; 

Come ever knowing 
Earth has no sorrow but heaven can remove. 

Thomas Moore and Thomas Hastings 
Selected by Orpha Barton 


THE! P1L-C5RIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


Hebrews 12:28 "Wherefore we receiving a kingdom 
which cannot be moved, let us have grace whereby we 
may serve God acceptably with reverance and godly 

God's faithful servants have always known Him as a 
God of Grace. With this heavenly knowledge their 
praises have ascended to the God of all grace. Prayer 
channels are thus opened up for special grace for the 
daily needs. The praise and prayer portions of the 
Bible are all a part of the revelation of His Grace. 

Our blessed Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ is the 
central figure of God's Grace to man. His life, death 
and resurrection opened to man God T s redemptive Grace 
in His Son. 

This Grace has reached down through the centuries 
to us; "whosoever will" may drink from this boundless 
^tore. To believers it is also a transforming grace. 
'Old things have passed away and all things have become 
new," The things I once loved I now hate, and the 
things I once hated I now love. The Grace of God in 
His Son has transformed countless lives over the long 
centuries and is still living and active. Heavenly 
joys are known by those who receive His Grace. 

From this vantage point of Divine Grace, God ! s 
creative Grace becomes an illuminative factor to the 
believing heart and mind. We become thrilled with 
His infinite goodness and boundless stores that surround 
us and everlastingly more ahead. The constant wonder 
of the kinds of His creation, the daily delight of 
design and color point us ahead to joys unspeakable 
end full of glory. Our sensibilities open up to the 
heavenly treasures of His Grace. 




The Apostolic greetings of Grace and peace are for 
us. What joy as we believe and assimilate them by day 
and night. What inspiration and challenge to believing 
youths and what a pillow of comfort to old age J 

Bible history and prophecy are seen from creation 
to the end as a marvelous work of God's Grace. The 
power of God's Grace reaches from the smallest atom to 
the unnumbered galaxies of the unending universe. 

Our author speaks of the power of God's voice as a 
reason to seek His Grace. God's voice that created 
will also shake His creation away that His new and 
spiritual kingdom might remain in that day when all of 
heaven and earth will hear His voice in judgment. 

"See that ye refuse not him that speaketh," we are 
addressed as individuals. Each one of us is most dear 
to Him and still accountable how we react to His Grace, 
As God l s children we are already the recipients of His 
Grace. In receiving- the King into our hearts we have 
received a kingdom which cannot be moved. 

"Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: If any 
man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in ;> 
to him, and will sup with him, and he with me." 

For over nineteen centuries believers have received 
this King in their hearts by faith. By His Grace they 
became a part of His spiritual eternal kingdom. They 
found His Grace sufficient to live and to die for Him, 

We will miss the author's message in our text if 
we neglect the word "serve". "Let us have Grace where- 
by we may "serve" God acceptably with reverance and 
godly fear," His kingdom already started in our hearts 
becomes the incentive and motive for our service to 

We are faced with both a challenge and a problem. 
How do we serve God In this 20th century of great 
scientific achievement? The marvels of space travel , 
astronauts on the moon, sight and sound via ' satellite, 
around the world are as commonplace today as picking 
up the phone to talk to loved ones thousands of miles 
away. Social customs and cultural structures are 
shaken to their historical roots. The fears of our 


forefathers of social change are more than amply jus- 
tified today. 

It takes Divine Grace from God to stand for Him in 
a day when national home life is poisoned in its source 
and is rapidly being broken up. Innocent children are 
exposed* to the fashionable sins and low revolting 
crimes of an evil day. Tawdry scenes and horror pre- 
sentations in the homes prepare the youthful mind to 
go and do likewise. Newsmen seek to fill the mind with 
daily exciting and enticing news. Large early Sunday 
papers with comics , frivolous gossip, lurid pictures, 
catchy ads, seek to forestall and dull the edge of 
Lord's Day assembly worship and heart-searching messages 
from God's Word. Our stomachs full we swiftly glide 
over land and sea and through the air with the greatest 
of ease. 

Mass production in factory and on farm, instant 
communication to almost anywhere, public schools and 
buses, free libraries, super market and mail order 
deliveries have changed the cultural patterns and 
social systems. Government gratuities and Insurances 
relieve the home of age-old responsibilities. The 
apostolic Christian community where they had all things 
common has almost reached a vanishing point. 

Ve cannot and must not be oblivious to the fact 
that these changes have affected us deeply. We would 
lose time and dignity faulting one another. We must 
seek God's will in God's word for understanding and 
grace to stand In an evil day. 

In the last book of the Bible the leaders of church- 
es are addressed, warned, chastised and strengthened. 
We still have great need for these spiritual leaders. 
However, the last call is personal: "He. that hath an 
eary n "Everyone that heareth." The blessings of 
Christian assemblies often have ceased in the past 
and may well do so again. 

By making a personal stand for God the need for 
Christian service becomes plainly apparent. In spite 
of great changes everywhere, the same basic nee.ds that 
challenged the first Christian ministries also await 



ours . 

Orphan cries and widows tears , the poor and the 
destitute, neglected old age, traffic victims — many 
of them children, wretched, broken homes, lands and 
peoples devastated by war, persecuted saints in for- 
eign lands, now only a few hours away, alcoholic and 
drug human wrecks; one could go on and on. But es- 
pecially we must mention the constant and ever growing 
need of the lost for the Gospel of Christ. 

It takes Grace to care and still more grace to share, 
and in this sharing to serve our God "with reverance 
and Godly fear." His abounding Grace and heavenly 
peace will flood the heart with heavenly joy and peace. 

There are none so poor or low on the social scale 
that cannot receive God's Grace to serve. Many that 
have been engaged in the most lowly toil and many that 
were slaves have been open channels of God's Grace to 

Have we received the King of the kingdom of Grace? 
Is He indeed the King of our lives? His radiant Grace 
and peace will adorn the life of each one who endeavors 
to share with others of this feast of good things. 
r, Let him that heareth say, come . And let him that is 
athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the 
water of life freely." Can, Indeed, the Lord depend 
on us? 

,r I can T t, T? might well be the way -to start. The 
flesh rebels and often has pious excuses. We simply 
cannot serve God In the flesh. Cur bodies and all we 
have and are must first be a sacrifice on His altar: 
holy and acceptable: a reasonable service. It is done 
in, the secret place, alone with God. And make no mis- 
take, some needy soul awaits 'our best endeavors. 

God f s Holy Spirit still broods over many a wearied 
and storm-tossed heart. He only can open the way for 
each golden opportunity to witness in word and deed. 
The good Lord sent my own father to speak to me in 
early morning in that day of my own decision. 

We must be ready for that opportunity. It may be 
the dearest child or companion. It may be the neigh- 



bor or the one knocking at our door. Hospitals, rest 
homes, jails and detention homes are full of oppor- 
tunities when we endeavor for Christ. War orphans, 
neglected and unwanted children need some one to love 
them to Christ. 

"Let us have grace." It's ours for the asking. 

"Ask and receive that your joy may be full." 

— James D, Cover 

Mode sto , California . 


July 4th is Independence Day or the celebration of 
freedom for the United States. On this day in 1776 the 
leaders of the thirteen British colonies on American 
soil declared their independence from Great Britain. 
This resulted in war and shedding of blood. But these 
men were determined to have freedom. Patrick Henry 
voiced the sentiments of many when he publicly spoke 
his famous words: "Give me liberty or give me death 1" 
the new nation was born at great cost, perhaps the 
same or even better results could have been gained wit** 
peaceful measures. But the facts are that many men 
gave their lives for freedom. ■ Because of this, free- 
dom has always been valued highly in this country. 

Christians, too, have a freedom to celebrate. This 
freedom from bondage came also at great cost. And 
there was no other way possible for us to be set free. 
Jesus had to suffer and die to redeem us and give us 
freedom. By his death on the cross God was satisfied 
and the atonement was made freeing us forever from 
bondage if we trust In Him. Because of this great cost 
we should value our freedom above all else. 

This freedom was especially noticeable to 'those to 
whom it first came — those who were under the old law. 
They were suddenly set free (when they believed) to 
serve God in a new and living way — the way of liberty 
in Christ. Jesus with sins forgiven and God's laws in 
their hearts. 

The Gentiles, to whom this "law of liberty" was also 


preached, were in bondage in a different way. They 
were slaves to the lusts and sins of the flesh — ser- 
vants to idols. They, too, .were suddenly set free from 
the bondage of corruption. 

This new liberty is discussed in Galatians 5* The 
Apostle Paul warns us to stand fast in this liberty* 
The first part of the chapter cautions the Jews not to 
be entangled again in the yoke of bondage to the old 
law mentioning circumcision especially as symbolic of 
this bondage. The last part warns the Gentiles and all 
men not to be brought into the bondage of the lusts of 
the flesh. 

This chapter was the subject of a recent sermon b3^ 
one of our brethren. He pointed out to me that in ... 
this same chapter telling of our liberty in Christ, 
we also find verse 17: "For the flesh lusteth against 
the Spirit, and the Spirit against/ the flesh: and these 
are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot 
do the things that ye would . 11 So even in liberty there 
is responsibility and restraint. To abuse our liberty 
or to not H stand fast M in it is to and to again 
become entangled with the yoke of bondage. 

This is somewhat comparable to the freedom: under 
our civil government. ■ We have great liberties and 
privileges, but we have no liberty to commit crime-s 
and do deeds of wrong and harm to others. 

" Brethren , ye have been called unto liberty; .only 
use not liberty for an occasion to the fleshy but by 
love serve one another." — L.C. 


Sometimes at the close of the day as we watch a 
glowing or crimson sunset and perhaps linger a while 
to watch the brightness of some stars and the moon- 
appear, our hearts and our spirits are carried away- 
into an altogether different world. We think of. the 
past and our youth; we think of our sunsets or sun-, 
rises , and it creates within us a keen awareness of 
the greatness of God. * True, man has made and dis~ 


covered many things 3 but none surpasses the greatness 
and the marvels of God's creation, and many of them 
remain unexplainable today. Thus we together with Job 
do marvel at the greatness of God and say, "He hangeth 
the earth upon nothing." 

So great and mighty are the things that our God 
maketh and doeth that we would like to evade His 
presence because of our nothingness. But nothingness 
or otherwise, the truth of David's statement still re- 
mains as it appears in the 139th Psalm, "If I ascend 
up unto heaven thou art there, if I make my bed in hell 
behold thou art there." 

Knowing this, that there is no escaping from the 
presence of God, it should move each of us to seek a 
fuller. and more soul satisfying waj of life. This 
.can only be achieved by a complete cooperation with 
the one through whom we may obtain salvation. 

The things that we as individuals are looking for- 
in life are the things that we will pursue the hardest. 
And it follows, the things that we pursue, those are 
the things that we will most likely attain. 

If we try hard enough to attain honor and fame, and ^ 
put forth the needed effort or sacrifice, chances are 
pretty good that we shall gain a fair measure of them. 
If we look for wealth and go all out to find it, we 
can be almost certain we will accumulate a large amount 
of it. 

If, however, we are looking for eternal life we can 
be even more certain o'f obtaining that, for we shall 
pursue it as the highest interest in our life, and our 
deepest satisfactions will come from spiritual sources. 
The Bible points out clearly that those who seek Him 
will also find Him,, 

Then again as we are drawn into the deep and most 
soul-searching thoughts, they will no doubt go far 
beyond the wonders of the world as God has created 
them. For just over the ridge lies God's glorious 
world of tomorrow, and our thoughts will go to that 
great city in the sky that we read about. And truly 
it is the city of man's dreams. It will not be long 


*Hnd this city will become very real to us. 

Should we then today or tomorrow sit down for a few 
hours and honestly evaluate, together with our God, 
the motives within our own life, and should we find 
that a change is necessary, are we willing to make it 
or not? Or what are we living for? 

We have been intrusted with the Gospel, so let us 
pray God for an ever increasing understanding of the 
same, and the grace to be worthy and faithful to the 
things or conditions we have been intrusted with. 

And then we can be safely approached with the ques- 
tion for we know what we are living for. 

A verse from Psalm 18 says, "As for God his way is 
perfect: the word of the Lord is tried: he is a buck- 
ler to all those that trust in him. M 

By Robert Toews in The Messenger of Truth » 


For years and years I walked in sin, 
I had no peace without, within; 
*Til one day Jesus came along 
And put within my heart a song. 
And now I praise Him day by day 
As I walk along the narrow way. 

Methinks I hear Him say to me, 
n Come, my son, and you shall see 
The glories and the mansions bright, 
Where comes no sickness and so night. " 
My heart did burn and stir anew; 
My prayer right there was: 
"Lord, keep me true." 

Author unknown 

Selected by Marilyn Miller 




By D. L. Miller —1884 v 

On Saturday, March 8th, at 3*00 P.M., we bearded the 
Austrian Lloyd ? s steamer, Vesta, at Smyrna for the 
last and longest part of our journey to Palestine; for 
if all goes well, we shall not disembark, until we 
reach Jaffa five days hence. The day was clear and 
bxight, the air cool, and the sea' quite calm. At five 
o ! clock we started with fair promises for a pleasant 
voyage. We steamed directly out of the harbor into 
the Aegean Sea and the Grecian Archipelago. 

This passage, is by far the most interesting on our 
route, passing as we do so many beautiful islands known 
to every reader of ancient history, and ending at Jaffa 
where we shall first set foot upon the Holy Land. 

Sunday morning the sun rose bright and clear; a 
gentle breeze of balmy 'air from the isles of Greece, 
broke the blue waters of the calm .sea into numberless 
sparkling ripples. As we stood on the deck looking 
out over the beautiful scene,. our thoughts in an in- 
stant of time* traversed the ten thousand miles that 
separated us from cur loved ones at home, and we were, 
at least in the spirit, at Mt. Morris on this Lord's 

At midday we pas-sed the island of Patmos, so well 
known to all Bible readers. Here it was that St. John 
was banished by the emperor Domitian for preaching the 
gospel, and here he received and wrote the wonderful 
Book of Revelation. He "was in the isle that is called 
Patmos, for the Word of God, and for the testimony of 
Jesus Christ. I was in the spirit on the Lord's day, 
and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet," 
And then follow the words of comfort and warning to 
the seven churches of Asia. 

The island is a small,, rocky, barren, Inhospitable 
looking place, and here no doubt the beloved disciple 



and apostle had an unbroken solitude in his communion 
with the Spirit that brought him the words of the Book 
so full of mysteries and allegories. Me can scarcely 
realize that we are gazing upon the veritable isle of 

Patmos. . 

We pass also the island of Samos, the birthplace of 
Pythagoras, and for a long time the home of Herodotus 
where he wrote the greater part of his celebrated his- 
tory. Late in the evening of the same day, we reach 
the island of Rhodes, noted in ancient times for its 
liberty and the learning and valor of its citizens. 
In modern times it fell into the hands of the Knights 
of St. John of Jerusalem, who gallantly defended it 
for over two hundred years against the attacks of the 
Saracens. In the harbor is shown the place where the 
Colossus of Rhodes stood. The island has a delightful 
climate, and it is said that over one thousand differ- 
ent kinds of plants grow on it. In the summer months 
it is like an immense flower garden. 

On Tuesday we reached the island of Cyprus., where 
our boat remained some hours unloading freight and 
taking in passengers. Barnabas, who was a native of 
Cyprus, and Paul visited this island in their first 
missionary tour. Landing at Salamis in the eastern 
part of the island, they traversed its entire length 
to Paphos at its western extremity, preaching the 
gospel to the people. At Paphos, Elyma s the sorcerer, 
who withstood the apostles, was struck blind, and 
Sergius Paulus was converted. It is thought by some 
that from this time, and from the circumstance of the 
conversion of the Roman proconsul, Saul was given the 
name of Paul. See Acts 13. This does not seem im- 
probable as the name of the officer might have been 
bestowed upon the apostle in memory of the event of 
his conversion. Paul again visited the island for the 
last time on his journey to Rome. 

The island is about 140 miles in length and about 
40 miles wide. It contains 210,000 inhabitants. The 
principal products of Cyprus are wine, salt, olive 
oil, silk, wool, hemp and pitch. Since 1877 it has 

12 ~" "THE ■■ PILGRIM- 

been under English rule, having been ceded to that 
power by. Turkey in consideration of the annual payment 
of about $25 ., 000. Under the improved conditions in- 
troduced by the English, and the blessing of a stable 
government, the island is improving very rapidly. 
Its trade has increased over threefold since 1877. 
The climate is mild and pleasant. In the interior is 
a large Greek convent near which Barnabas was buried... 

We have two days of sea voyage yet before we reach 
Jaffa. We have had to this time a fine voyage, the 
' sea being calm and the weather delightful. At night 
the full moon shone down on the blue waters making the 
upper deck a pleasant place. A bright moonlight night 
in this clear atmosphere is a sight worth seeing. 

Today, Wednesday, March 12th, we call at Beyrout, 
and tomorrow our long sea voyage will terminate at 
Jaffa. One rather unpleasant thought, however, in- 
trudes itself constantly on the mind. We must go over 
all these thousands of miles again before we can reach 
our home. We are now just coming in sight of a rough, 
mountainous coast which we know is Syria. Inland, the 
mountains of Lebanon raise their lofty peaks high abow- 
the surrounding hills. They are covered with snow and 
sparkle and glisten in the bright -sunshine like silver. 
Low down on the sandy beach we discover with our glass 
a mere speck of a town which we are told is Beyrout, 
the most important trading point in Syria. At this 
point, after a ride of one month on horseback, our 
tour of Palestine and Syria will end. Here we shall 
embark sometime about the middle of April on our return 
voyage . 

After entering the port of Beyrout, the wind which 
had been steadily increasing for some hours began 
blowing quite strong, and the sea became so rough that 
when' the ship cast anchor it was found quite impossible 
for the boats to take off the cargo which the ship 
carried for this place. Wharves are practically un- 
known in the East and the harbors are very insecure. 
The ships usually anchor from a half to one mile from 
the shore, and passengers and cargo are taken ashore 



in small row boats. 

We lay at anchor all day, the vessel pitching and 
rolling with the swell of the sea, waiting for the wind 
and waves to subside, but it was only on the following 
morning that the boats could come near the ship, and 
even then the unlading was attended with much diffi- 
culty which seemed greater than it really was on account 
of the confusion and excitement of the Arab boatmen, 

At seven o'clock in the evening of the second day, 
after a tedious and most tiresome delay, the ship 
steamed out of the harbor, and we went down to our 
cabins with the assurance that if all were well, the 
morning light would reveal to us the Land of Palestine, 
At six o'clock the next morning, standing on the upper 
deck of the Vesta, we had our first view of the most 
interesting country in the world, of a land sacred by 
its associations above any earthly place, the "-Holy 
Land, around which cluster the sweetest fancies of our 
childish praj^ers; and of our household psalms." 

In the dim distance a blue range of hills and moun- 
tains can be seen, and we know that this was the moun- 
tain home of Judah, Benjamin and Ephraim; nearer, a 
low,- yellow, sandy beach, over Which the white-crested 
waves vrere rolling and dashing their foam, an inner 
line of dark green marking the outside extent of the 
sand, and showing that the latter rains and the warm 
sun were bringing forth the grass, the new vegetation, 
and the beautiful roses on the plain of Sharon; and 
lastly the city 'of Jaffa, rising on a rocky hill, cita- 
del like, out of the sea, proclaimed to us that we 
were coming to the end of our long sea voyage, and 
that we should soon set our feet upon the Land of 

To be continued. 

From Letters From Bible Lands. 

But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, 
and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father 
which is in secret; and thy Father which seeth in 
secret shall reward thee openly. (Matthew 6:6) 

14 ~ "'••' ■■ • "THE PILGRIM 


Preaching is not dependent upon the response of the 
audience. It may be one of agreement or antipathy. 
It makes no difference. The preacher is there to pro- 
claim his message to anyone who will listen. The 
herald does not wait for an invitation or a responsive 
group of people. He is usually acting upon the orders 
of a superior officer and his only task is to deliver 
his message. Whether anyone listens or responds,, is ■ 
not the primary concern of the preacher. It might be 
helpful if he and his audience felt that his message 
was relevant. However, even relevancy is not the de- 
termining factor In preaching. The preacher has a 
message from God that he has been told to deliver to 
the world and his purpose is the proclamation of that 
message... The preacher is not a man who is able to 
say something. He is a man who has something to say. 
The most highly trained person in the world will never 
be a preacher unless he has a message* 

Bv. Paul B. Smith in The Sword and Trumpet. 

Our heavenly Father calls , 

And Christ invites us near; 
With both > our friendship shall be sweety 
And our communion dear. 

God pities all our griefs: 

He pardons every day; 
Almighty to protect our souls , 

And wise to guide our way. 

How large His bounties are I 

What various stores of good, 
Diffused from our Redeemer 1 s hand,. 

And purchased with His blood. 

—Phillip Doddridge "(1702-1751) 



At our last council meeting on May 6, Brother Herman 
and Sister Carol Royer cast their lot in our fellowship. 

On May 19 Brother Kenneth Martin was elected to. the 
ministry and installed with his wife, Lois* 

And Brother Harold Royer was elected to the- visit 
and installed with his wife, Mary Ellen. 

On June 18 Janice Royer was received into our fel- 
lowship by water baptism. 

On July 16 David Royer was also received into Chris- 
tian fellowship by water baptism. 

May the Lord add His blessing and the Holy Spirit 
guide each honest pilgrim. 

— Elmer Brovont 

We of the Salida congregation were made to rejoice 
again when two more precious souls, namely Marilyn 
Miller and Allen Neil, were received into our 'fellow- 
ship on July 1, by a public confession of faith and"^ 
holy baptism. 

The Salida congregation have agreed, the Lord wil- 
ling, to hold our fall Love Feast on August- 5th and 
6th of this year. A hearty invitation and welcome is 
extended to members and friends to attend. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 


CRAWMER*— COATS- On June 2nd, Wayne Crawmer and Linda 
Coats were united in Holy Matrimony . at MiWuk, Calif. 

MARTIN — A son, John Amos, , born to David and Mary Ann 
Martin of Dal ton, Ohio on June 29. 

DRUDGE — A son, Jeffrey Lewis, born to John and 
Elizabeth Drudge of Wroxeter, Ontario on July 12. 


MIRACLES CN AN- ISLAND . Acts 28:1-14 

Paul had been shipwrecked on an island called Melita. 
There were people living on this island and they treat- 
ed Paul and those that were with him with kindness. 
They built a fire to warm them for they had been in the 
-water and were wet and cold. Paul was helping to gath- 
er wood, and when he put his bundle of sticks on the 
fire a viper came out of the wood, wrapped itself a- 
round his hand and bit him. A viper is a very poison- 
ous snake. If one is bitten by a viper it means death. 
Paul just shook the snake off into the fire. The na- 
tives of the island supposed Paul must be a murderer 
who was being punished, by fate and thought he would 
soon fall over dead. When no harm came to Paul, and 
his hand didn't even swell, they changed their minds 
and said Paul was a god. 

The governor of the island was a man whose name was 
Publius. He fed Paul and his friends and gave them a 
place to sleep for three days. This man's father was 
very sick. He had a fever and was about to die. When 
Paul saw the sick man he prayed to God and laid his 
hands on him and the man got well. When it was heard 
that the man was healed, others who had diseases and 
were sick came to Paul and were healed, every one. 
This was a great miracle, indeed, and Paul and those 
with him were honored and given the best of everything. 

They stayed on the island for three months,, and 
finally a ship from the city of Alexandria sailed and 
took Paul and his company on their way toward Rome. 
Because of severe storms this ship had anchored by the 
island of Melita for the winter. The natives appreci- 
ated what God had done for them and gave the ship- 
wrecked men whatever they needed for their journey. 
God cared for Paul and He cares for you and me too. 

— Rudolph Cover 


VOL, 19 " ™" AUGUST, 1972 " "" ~ ~ NO. 8 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2;]] 


Prayer is the key for the bending knee 

To open the morn's first hours; 
See the incense rise to the starry skies, 

Like the perfume from the flowers. 

Not a soul so sad, .nor a heart so glad, 
When- cometh the shades of night, 
, But the daybreak song will the joy prolong, 
And some darkness turn to' light. 

Take the golden key in your hand and see; 

As the night tide drifts away, 
How its blessed hold is a crown of °*old, 

Through the weary hours of day. 

When the shadows fall, and the vesper call 

Is sobbing its low refrain, 
*Tis a garland sweet to the toil dent feet, 

And the antidote for pain. 

Soon the year's dark door shall be shut no more; 

Life's tears shall be wiped away, 
As the pearl gates swing, and the gold harps ring, 

And the sun unsheathed for aye. 

Author unknown 

~TH EI PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


"And that, knowing the time, that now it is high 
time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation 
nearer than when we believed. The night is far spent, 
the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works 
of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. 
Let us walk honestly., as in the dayj not in rioting 
and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not 
in strife and envying. But put ye on the Lord Jesus 
Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to ful- 
fill the lusts thereof." (Romans 13:11-14) 

High time in this instance means the time of action 
is nearing the overdue condition — a crying time for 
■doing . 

It Is very Important for us that we know the time, 
that we are keenly aware of the conditions that are 
around us o,nd the' part that we may take as Christians 
to "Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal 
life, whereunto thou art also called , and hast pro- 
fessed a good profession before many witnesses." (I 
Timothy 6:12) 

The conflict began before we were born and will 
continue until the coming of the Lord. Truly it is 
high time for decisive and true action I 

Activity is also limited, as also our ability to 
the more vigorous and useful part of our younger days; 
although Paul does say, "For which cause we faint not; 
but though our outward man perish, yet the inward man 
is renewed day by day." (II Corinthians 4:16) 

The range then of our activity to engage in the 
true ways of life depends so much on our awareness of 
conditions, which truly cannot be had in times of 
sleep. Natural sleep Is restful and needful. Spirit- 
ual sleep is to ignore the true condition of ourself, 
or make no effort to examine ourself by the Word of 


God j the standard by which we shall finally be judged 
for life or death. This indolence and dullness,- this 
inactivity and disregard for consequences and true and 
right living, is so dangerous, can be so disastrous, 
that we cannot afford to live unheeding and unaware of 
our true condition. 

High time to awake out of sleep as we read again out 
of the true Guidebook: "Therefore let us not sleep, as 
do others; but let us watch and be sober. For they 
that sleep sleep in the night; and they that be drunken 
are drunken in the night. But let us, who are of the 
day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and 
love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation." (I 
Thessalonians 5:6=8) 

Illustrating also this condition is the parable of 
the ten virgins. They were all awakened out of sleep 
by the coming of the bridegroom. Five lacking oil for 
their lamps were denied admittance to the wedding. 
"Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the 
hour wherein the Son of Kan cometh. 11 (Matthew 25:13) 
Also we read: "Let your loins be girded about, and 
your lights burning; and ye yourselves like unto men 
that wait for their Lord, when he will return from the 
wedding; that when he cometh and knocketh, they may 
open unto Him immediately. Blessed are those servants, 
whom the Lord when He cometh shall find watching; ver- 
ily I say unto you, that he shall gird himself, and 
make them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and 
serve them." (Luke 12:35-37) 

Yes, dear readers , from every viewpoint and outlook 
it is high time to awaken to the true and startling 
conditions around us, for the evil forces and 'ways of 
life are very active against the good and right I As 
one awakened long ago wrote, 

My soul, be on thy guard, 

Ten thousand foes arise; 
The hosts of sin are pressing hard 

To draw thee from the skies. 


And woe be upon professing Christians caught sleep- 
ing! • Is it not verily upon those that Peter speaks of? 
He says: "Be sober, be vigilant; because your adver- 
sary the devil , as a roaring lion, walketh about, seek- 
ing whom he may devour: whom resist steadfast in the 
faith, knowing that the same afflictions are accom- 
plished in your brethren that are in the world." (I 
Peter 5:8-9) 

Surely those spiritually sleeping would be more vul- 
nerable to Satan 1 s attacks! 

Then let us be on the positive and awakened side of 
life, as children of the Heavenly King; busy and follow- 
ing a'fter godliness as we read: "For bodily exercise 
profiteth little: but godliness is profitable unto all 
things, having promise of the life that now is, and of 
that which is to come." (I Timothy 4:8) And again we 
read? "Whom having not seen, ye love; in whom, though 
now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy 
unspeakable and full of glory: Receiving the end of 
your faith, even the salvation of your souls," (I Peter 
1:8-9) Yes indeed, where did the poet receive the in- 
spiration to write: 

how happy are they who their Saviour obey 

And have laid up their treasures above * 
Tongue cannot express the sweet comfort and peace 
. Of a soul in its earliest love? 

" Yet believing ye rejoice " begins in this life and 
continues all along life ■ s pathway till we cross the 
river; then on the other side " joy unsp e akable and full 
of glory " continues on throughout eternity; life that 
now is, and that which is to come. 

High time to see more clearly 
Conditions we live in; 

High time to live more nearly 
To Ood, away from sin. 

High time that we awaking 
Out of the lulling sleep; 


And sinful ways forsaking. 
And better watching keep. 

For our salvation's nearer 
Than when we first believed; 

The mountains shining clearer, 
We soon may be relieved. 

High time, o sleeping mortals, 
Daylight is drawing near; 

Almost we see the portals, 
Vision begins to clear. 

High time: the roaring lion 
Is near the very gates, 

For yonder is Mount Zion, 
Where victory awaits. 

High time to see the beauty 
Of serving Christ our Lord; 

High time be : found on duty, 
Living in one accord. 

High time the banner waving, 
Onward' the fight of faith; 

High time the lost be saving, 
Be faithful unto death. 

High time the tempest braving; 

Trim every shortened sail; 
The lifeboat bent, on saving 

And rescue to avail. 

High time the trumpet sounding, 

The call to arms to heed; 

All Christian soldiers rounding 

Onward with all our speed. 

High time for we are nearing 
The shining golden strand; 


The harbour soon appearing 
Where we soon hope to land. 

High time, the last great testing 

May be upon us sore; 
As breakers are congesting 

Near the eternal shore. 

High time — may we all waking 

Look up, for God is near, 
While earth and mountains shaking 

And trumpet sounding clear. 

The dead in Christ ascending, 

The living saints arise; 
Soon altogether wending 

With angels in the skies. 

High time -will then be over, 

Eternity at hand; 
And all to soon 'discover - : 

The glorious Happy Land. 

— J. I. Cover 

Sonora, California 


"What is the Almighty that we should serve Him? And 
what profit should we have if we pray unto Him?" (Job 

The Almighty is our Saviour, Counsellor, Guide, 
Protector and much more. Let us praise Him and thank 
Him by serving Him all our days. 

Prayer will profit us in many ways. We may think 
"Who will know?" or "What's the difference?" if we 1 re 
too busy to pray, but others will know. One lady 
writes that it takes only a half hour r s conversation 
with a Christian for a person with perception to sense 
that Christian's spiritual condition, for "Out of the 


abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh." She said, 
"Those who pray ask their questions of God, while those 
who neglect prayer are always asking "Why did this hap- 
pen to me?" 

If we are too busy to pray we are too busy. We do 
the things which we think are important. If we think 
it is important to spend time with God, we will find 
the time, or take the time. We might have to practice 
a little "planned neglect" with our every day duties to 
have time for God. 

If we neglect our quiet time with God, we will not 
be prepared when trouble comes. We will be Christians 
with no testimony, for if we don't pray we won ! t grow, 
but may just go along in the same old rut. 

One man has said, "Pray hardest when it is the 
hardest to pray. « Maybe our lack of wanting to pray 
is because we're not quite willing to do what the Lord 
may show us if we say, "Thy will be done." 

There are two ways to cure our reluctance to be 
alone with God. One way is to go through an illness, 
or face death. The other Is to really fall in love 
with God. . :■ 

Praying is not just saying a lot of nice sounding 
words. To realise that greatness of prayer our heart 
and mind should be uncluttered of earthly cares so we 
can quietly listen to God speak to us. 

Reading God's Word is an Important part of prayer. 
Someone has said, "Praying is your talking to God, 
while the Bible is God talking to us," and it is more 
important that He talk to us than that we talk to Him". 

Faith is a very real part of prayer. We must be- 
lieve in prayer and experiences of answered prayer will 
increase our faith. 

Since God is everywhere we can commune with Him 
wherever we are or whatever we are doing; while washing 
dishes, cleaning floors, driving tractor, and so on. 
We can let Him lead our thoughts instead of thinking 
about other things, or worrying about something. This 
would certainly be called a prayer life. Which will 
profit most, worrying or praying? 



Worry? Why worry? What can worry do? 

It never keeps a trouble from overtaking you* 

It gives you indigestion, and wakeful hours at night; 

And fills with gloom the days however fair and bright. 

It puts a frown upon your face and sharpness in your 

tone j 
We're unfit to live with others and unfit to live 

alone . 
Worry? Why worry? What can worry do? 
It never keeps a trouble from overtaking you. 

Pray? Why pray? What can praying do? 

Praying really changes things, arranges life anew. 

It T s good for your digestion, gives .peaceful sleep at 

And fills the grayest, gloomiest days with rays of 

glowing light. 
It puts a smile upon your face, the love-note in your 

tone . 
Makes you fit to live with others and fit to live alone. 
Pray? Why pray? What can praying do? 
It brings God down from Heaven to live and work with 


Selected from "The Messenger of Truth 1 ' 


A friend told me recently, !I I seem to get more from 
a hike in the woods on a Sunday than I can get from 
going to Church." I replied that likely it was because 
he. went to Church expecting the minister to do for him 
what he should be doing himself. I'm sure he went ex- 
pecting to be entertained and to receive enjoyment and 

This suggested to me the question, "Why go to Church?" 
Those who love the Lord who died for us have good rea- 
sons to meet together. It is not a burden but a privi- 


First, we go to worship. Jesus promised, 'Where 
two or three are gathered together in my name, there 
am I in the midst of them. 11 So we should go expecting 
to meet and worship the Lord there. One of our brethren 
tells of seeing a Church house where a sign above the 
door read, "ENTER TO WORSHIP." Above the door on the 
inside a sign said, "LEAVE TO SERVE. 11 If we come to- 
gether to worship and praise God, He will give us the 
power to serve Him in the world. 

We also go for fellowship with other Christians, 
"If we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have 
fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus 
Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin." We need fel- 
lowship. God saw that man needed company in the beginr- 
ning when He said, "It Is not good that the man should 
be alone..." Men that are not in the Church demonstrate 
this need when they form lodges, clubs and trade unions, 
to work together and help each other. These are sub- 
stitutes for the Church to which they should belong. 

A third reason we meet together is for instruction. 
in God ! s Word. Jesus warns, "He that rejecteth me, and 
receive th not my words, hath one that judge th him: the 
word that I have spoken, the same shall judge' him in "the 
last day." (John 12:43} "Man shall not live by bread 
alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the 
mouth of God." How important it is that we be taught 
and fed and informed by this Word of God. 

Some may like a beautiful building, paintings or 
colored windows for inspiration. But if we really 
worship God the building is secondary. It might be a 
house or barn, a cave or forest or a special building. 
It is important that we meet and worship together. 

We can find inspiration from a walk in the woods. 
Sometimes we need solitude for meditation and prayer. 
But we also need to gather together In praise, prayer 
and adoration to God and to encourage one another. 
Paul writes to the Hebrews (10:25), "Not forsaking the 
assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some 
is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as 
ye see the day approaching." — L.C.- 




By D. L. Miller —1884 

Ever since the time that Jonah found a ship at Joppa 
going to Tarshish and went down into it to flee from 
the presence of the Lord and was immediately overtaken 
by a mighty tempest has Jaffa been known as a dangerous 
and unsafe harbor. The sea may be as calm and as- 
smooth as the waters of some inland lake, and in a' few 
hours the wind will be lashing it into fury, sending 
its waves dashing high over the rocks and ledges with 
which the shore is lined, making landing not- only ex- 
ceedingly dangerous but impossible. At such times the 
ships do not attempt to enter the port at all,- those 
coming from the north going on to Port Said, while 
those from the south land further north at Haifa, where 
there is a sheltered harbor. 

The following description of the dangers of the har- 
bor is ^by Seawulf , a writer who visited the place dur- 
ing the Crusades, some 700 years ago: 

T, The very day we came in sight of the port, one said 
to me, I believe by divine inspiration, r Siri go on 
shore today, lest a storm come on in the night, which 
will render it impossible to land tomorrow. 1 

"When I heard this I was suddenly seized with a 
great desire of landing and, having hired a boat,, went 
into it with all my companions; but before I had reached 
the shore the sea was troubled and became continually 
more tempestuous. We landed, however, with God's grace 
without hurt; and entering the city, weary and hungry, 
we secured a lodging and reposed ourselves for that 
night .. 

"But next morning as we were returning from the 
church we heard the roaring of the sea and the shouts 
of the people and saw that everybody was in confusion 
and astonishment. We were also dragged along with the 
crowd to the shore, where we saw the waves swelling 

THE PILGRIM- . . 11 

' higher than mountains, and innumerable bodies of drowned 
persons of both sexes scattered over the coast , while 
the fragments of ships were scattered on every side.. 
Of persons of both sexes there perished more than a 
thousand that day. Indeed, no eye ever beheld a greater 
misfortune in the space of a single day, from all of 
which God snatched us by His grace, to whom be honor 
and glory forever. Amen." 

Allowing something for the strong imagination. of the 
writer, whose statements are generally highly colored 
and must, therefore, be received with some grains of 
allowance,- there can be no doubt that he witnessed a 
terrible scene of shipwreck and suffering. Gur ship 
cast anchor nearly a mile from the shore. The sea was 
rather rough, and the small boats were tossed about on 
the waves almost like feathers. We were told, however, 
that the landing was not considered dangerous. 

In a short time the vessel was surrounded by a number 
of small row boats, and the Arab boatmen came rushing 
aboard, with shouts and yells, each one clamorous and 
determined to secure passengers. The landing, ..her© 
everywhere else in the East where we touched, dis at- 
tended with the greatest possible amount of noise and 
confusion and the least possible order. The boatmen 
crowded around us, shouting at the top of their voices, 
soliciting our patronage,' and so determined did they 
become that we feared we should be carried away by force. 

We finally had our baggage carried down to a boat, 
and we descended the steps at the side of the ship in 
order to enter the little boat which was tossing and 
pitching on the waves below. Awaiting a favorable op- 
portunity, when the boat came up to the stairway on the 
swell of a wave, we stepped in; and immediately it went 
down with the wave five or six feet below the steps. At 
the next swell wife came down and was caught in the arms 
of two strong Arabs. We were soon seated in the stern 
of the boat, and the muscular boatmen were pulling for 
the shore. As we neared the land, the dangers of the 
landing only became apparent. A line of rocks, partly 
hidden by the water, extend along the shore for a long 


distance ? about a hundred yards away from it. The en- 
trance for the boats is between two rocks and is very 

When the wind is high it is difficult to get the 
boat through the narrow opening, and the least miscal- 
culation on the part of the boatmen would result fa- 
tally. The men seemed to exert every muscle, and at 
last, v/ith a favoring wave, the boat was driven through 
the opening, and we breathed easier on the smooth wa- 
ters within the ledge of rocks. 

We finally got ashore with the help of the boatmen 
by stepping on stones and rocks and entered the narrow 
streets of Jaffa. Our own feelings on setting our feet 
upon the firm earth again and upon entering the Land of 
Palestine were only those of supreme thankfulness to 
Almighty God for the blessings vouchsafed to us. Other 
feelings and sensations , entirely new, came crowding 
upon us as we reflected for a moment that we were even 
now standing upon the land which God gave to the seed 
of Abraham, but above all and beyond all were our 
hearts filled with gratitude to the Giver of all good 
for our safety and for the privilege we enjoyed. Our 
readers, however, will no doubt be more interested in 
what we have seen than as to how we felt, so we shall 
refer as little as possible to personal feelings and 
describe, as well as we can, what comes under our ob- 

Yaffa, as the Arabs now call this city, is the Japho 
or Joppa of the Bible. Anciently it was a Phoenician 
colony in the land of the Philistines. An old tradi- 
tion says it was named after Japhet, the son of Noah, 
whilst ancient geographers claim that a city existed 
here before the flood. It is first named In the Bible, 
Japho, Joshua 19:46, and was one of the cities that 
fell to the lot of the tribe of Dan In the division of 
the land of Canaan by Joshua among the children of 

To Joppa came the prophet Jonah, sore displeased at 
the command that God had given him to go and preach to 
the Ninevites. He determined to escape to Tarshish 

.THE PILGRIM .. . 13 

from the presence of the Lord in one of the ships sail- 
to that city. "So he paid the fare thereof and went 
down into it, to go with them unto Tarshish. Ir (Jonah 1:3) 
He found, however, that it was impossible to escape from 
the presence of the Almighty. Down in the hold of the 
ship, as he lay asleep, evidently secure in his own mind 
and gratified at his escape, the Lord sought him out and 
taught him a lesson of obedience. . • ■ 

To this port, without doubt the oldest in the world, 
Hiram, King of Tyre, the friend and admirer of David, 
brought the cedars of Lebanon and fir wood used in the 
building of Solomon's Temple. "And we will cut wood out 
of Lebanon^ as much as thou shalt need: and we will 
bring it to thee in floats by sea to Joppa; and thou 
shalt carry it up to Jerusalem." (II Chronicles 2:16) 

The missionary spirit and zeal of the apostolic age 
carried the Christian religion to Jaffa at an early pe- 
riod. Here it was that Peter raised Dorcas from the 
dead, presenting her alive to the weeping widows who 
stood by bearing testimony to her benevolence %nd thus, 
by a notable miracle,' turned their sorrow into rejoicing. 

And here he tarried many days with one Simon, a tan- 
ner, whose house was by the seaside. It was on this 
housetop as he prayed that he was taught by a vision the 
great truth that Christ died 'for all men, that- salvation 
had come not only to the Jews but to the Gentiles as 
well. As his mind opened and expanded to- grasp the 
great truth of the universality of salvation, he ex- 
claimed: "Of a truth, I perceive that God is no re- 
specter of persons: but in every nation he that feareth 
Him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with Him." 
(Acts 10:34) 

The later history of the city shows that it was sub- 
jected to many vicissitudes. In 1126 it fell into the 
possession of the Knights of St. John. It was .captured 
by Saladin in 1186 and recaptured by Richard the Lion- 
hearted in 1191 and finally fell into the hands of the 
Turks In 1196, who still retain possession of it. 

Owing to these disasters it was almost entirely de- 
populated and in the fifteenth century had almost ceased 

14 ^ •■ ■ - THE - PILGRIM 

to exist. About the close of the seventeenth and the 
beginning of the eighteenth centuries it began to re- 
vive. In 1799 it was captured by Napoleon I, and here 
history records the fact that he inhumanly poisoned 
some of his soldiers who were attacked by the plague. 
He was compelled to retreat , and those who were unable 
to be moved were thus put to death. War is full of 
horrors, and those who engage in it lose many of the 
finer feelings that exist in the human breast. 

The population of Jaffa at the present time is given 
at about 8000 souls. During the last thirty years it 
has increased very rapidly. A Turkish calendar gives 
the following census; instead of giving the number of 
individuals, the number of families is given. They are 
set down as follows: 865 Moslem, 135 Greek, 120 
Catholic, 6 Maronite, and 5 Armenian families. 

The town trades with Egypt, Syria, Constantinople, 
and some of the interior towns and villages of Palestine, 
and Its streets are often crowded with trains of camels 
and donkeys, used in transporting merchandise to the 
interior. The chief exports are soap, wheat and or- 
angers*. Silk culture has lately been introduced on the 
plain of Sharon. The oranges of Jaffa are the largest 
and finest in flavor to be found anywhere. Indeed, 
they are celebrated In all parts of the East, and we 
heard of the fine oranges of the place long before we 
reached it. 

One of the principal resources of the inhabitants is 
the annual passage of great numbers of pilgrims and 
travelers through the town. Annually the pilgrims to 
Jerusalem from all parts of the world land at this port, 
and they number many thousands. Here they purchase 
supplies for the journey to Jerusalem. Here the trav- 
eler usually secures his horses, dragomen, camp equi- 
page, and supplies for his extended tour through 
Palestine. Here, at this season of the year, a busy 
scene is presented; hundreds of pilgrims are to be met 
in 'the streets, intent upon arranging for the journey 
to Jerusalem. Travelers are to be seen on horseback, 


trying the animals that are to carry them over the 
hills and mountains by rocky paths through the land. 

It was this trade that has come regularly to Jaffa 
for many centuries that enabled the place to recover 
from its frequent disasters, and this, without doubt, 
has been the chief cause of its rapid increase within 
the last century. The town is built on the hillside, 
facing the sea, the houses with their flat roofs rising 
in tiers one above another. The houses are built most- 
ly of stone, one or two stories, high, and present any- 
thing but a pleasing appearance. 

As we first looked at the town from the sea, sur^- 
rounded by its orange groves, we thought it was beauti- 
ful, but in the midst of its narrow, dirty streets the 
illusion vanishes, and we find it the very reverse of 
beautiful. We found here, as we have many times found 
before, that first impressions are often wrong and mis- 


To be continued. 

From Letters From Bible Lands 

We are not storerooms but channels; 

We are not cisterns but springs, 

passing our benefits onward, 

Fitting our blessings with wings, ■;:.- 

Letting the water flow outward 

To spread o'er the desert forlorn; 

Sharing our bread with our brothers, 

Our comforts with those who mourn. 

(Nehemiah 8:10; John 7:38) — Selected 

Nobody knows what a prayer will do, 
When somebody, somewhere prays for you; 
Clearing a path through a tangled, track, 
Easing the strain on the aching back. 
When hope fades away and Is lost to view, 
Nobody knows what a prayer will dp. 

Selected by Marilyn Miller : 

16 - • THE .PILGRIM 


The apostle Paul, having been shipwrecked and coming 
through storms and perils of the sea, finally arrived 
in Italy. This was nearly 2,000 miles from Jerusalem. 
At the seaport of Puteoli they found Christian brethren 
and stayed with them seven days, : then went on their way 
toward Rome. Other Christians heard of -Paul and came 
to meet him as far as fifty miles from Rome. For this 
Paul was thankful to God and took courage. He had been 
away from Christian friends for about six months. It 
had been two years since God had first told Paul that he 
•must .witness for Him in Rome. Rome was the capital of 
the Roman Empire which at one time included the whole 
world. Its population when Paul was there was a mil- 
lion and a half people. Here was where God wanted Paul 
to preach about- Jesus. 

^Arriving in Romp, Paul was delivered to a captain 
who kept the prisoners. Paul was allowed to live by 
himself with a soldier who kept him. This probably 
means that he was kept chained to a soldier because 
that was the way prisoners were treated at that time. 
After three days in Rome, Paul called together the Jews 
that lived there and told them of his unjust arrest and 
how he had been a prisoner because he had preached of 
Jesus, who was the hope of their nation. After Paul 
preached to them about Jesus, some believed him and 
some didn r t. When they couldn't agree among themselves 
they departed from Paul. It was hard for the Jews to 
accept Jesus as their Messiah because the leaders in 
Jerusalem had sent men to every nation, warning the 
Jews that lived away from Palestine not to believe in 

Paul lived for two years in his own rented house and 
preached to all that came to him. Paul was a great man 
for God at Rome. His influence even went into the pal- 
ace. There were soipe of Caesar' s household that were 
converted to the faith of Jesus. It. was in Rome that 
Paul wrote the epistles or letters to the Ephesians, 
Philippians. Colossians, Philemon and possibly Hebrews. 
^ * — Rudolph Cover 


VOL. 19 SEPTEMBER, 1972 NO. 8 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


My faith has found a resting place; 

Not in device nor creed;. 
I trust the ever living One, 

His wounds for me shall plead. 

Enough for me that Jesus saves; 

This ends my fear and doubt. 
A sinful soul I come to Him, 

He'll never cast me out. 


Uy heart is leaning on the Word, 

The written Word of God, 
Salvation by my Saviour 1 s name, 

Salvation through His blood. 

Ky great Physician heals the sick, 
The lost He came %o save; 

For me His precious blood He shed, 
For me His life He gave. 

I need no ether argument, 

I need no other plea; 
It is enough that Jesus died, 

And that He died for me. 

By Lidie H. Edmunds 
19th Century 

"THE! FMLGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel P. Wolf. 


The survivors of Turnagain Heights , Anchorage, 
Alaska will not soon forget Good Friday 1964. Six 
minutes past the half hour of five in the early evening 
a section of this community of finer homes was shaken 
and slid into the sea. This was a result of the world 
shocking Alaskan earthquake of March 27 , 1964. The ^ 
question asked by many was why this scenic residential 
area actually sunk into the sea rather than suffer the 
usual earthquake damage of cracking and earth fluctua- 
tion. The answer is contained in a study of the under- 
lying material. 

Before any roads or buildings were buxlt geologists 
had warned against developing here for the subsurface 
consisted of a thick layer of blue clay. Blue clay is 
stable when dry, 'but when it becomes water logged a 
temblor or shock can cause the clay to liquify which 
is exactly what the earthquake did. 

This account illustrates the importance of selecting 
a sure and solid base upon which to build. How true 
this is in our spiritual life as well as our natural. 
Nothing is as solid as rock, and our spiritual rock is 
the Lord Jesus Christ for it is upon this rock that the 
Lord has built His church, Matthew 16:18. I wonder how 
many people, even some professed Christians, have 
ignored the warning? of the Gospel and are building 
upon the unstable pleasure seeking system of the world. 
Even as the people of Turnagain Heights ignored the ad- 
vice of learned geologists, so these people ignore the 
Gospel and "build their lives on the unstable clay of 
the carnal oriented life. As the water saturated the 
underlying clay of the Anchorage area so sin; lusts, 
sensuality, pride, and ungodly ways saturate the pleas- 
ure seeking basis of the carnal mind. When^a crisis of 
life such as a tragedy, sickness, or financial loss 


confronts such a one the shock may cause his foundation 
to collapse, leaving him in spiritual ruin floundering 
in" the sea of sin and destruction. 

What a contrast is the believer who has Jesus Christ 
-as a rock on which to build. When the temblors of life 
shake such a one his footing remains firm. Having the 
Gospel upon which to build, sin is unable to saturate 
the Christian life for we have the sealing media of the 
Word of God. For the Christian : the good and pleasant 
things which "the Lord permits us to enjoy are not the 
basis but the blessings of a righteous life. Even if 
these things are taken from us, we still have the Lord 
upon which to stand and can say as Job did, "The Lord 
gave and the Lord hath taken away; blessed be the name 
of the. Lord. 11 

Our duty as believers according to the words of the 
Lord m the sixth and seventh chapters of Matthew is not 
to judge and condemn but to seek the kingdom of God, 
Matthew 6:33* and to build upon the solid rock Christ 
Jesus, Matthew 7:25.. If we are thus founded then we 
can witness and tell others of the sure foundation which 
will never be 'shaken into the sea -of destruction but 
will endure to eternal life in Christ Jesus. 

— Joseph E, Wagner 
kodesto, California 

Nobody knows what a prayer will do, 
When, somebody, somewhere prays for you — 
Clearing a path through a tangled track, 
Easing the strain on the aching back. 
When hope fades away and is lost to view, 
Nobody knows what a prayer will do. 

Selected by Marilyn Miller 



Many colleges now offer a course under this-. name. - 
No doubt , the purpose is to study, the.- scriptures .notic- 
ing particularly the portions of great literary value. 
Whether there is any resulting glory to God depends 
perhaps upon the belief, faith and application of the 
individual student. 

Without question, there is no other writing of any 
age that even approaches the Holy Bible in literary 
value. And yet, if this is as far as we go with God's 
Word, x^e will completely miss its message. Recently I 
was talking- with a young man who claimed to be an ag- 
nostic — one who does not know God and believes that it 
is impossible to know Him. He had taken this course on 
the Bible. He did not believe it to be true and yet 
thought it was great literature. His teacher, too, was 
an unbeliever and yet knew the Bible "better than any- 
one else" this young man had met. 

I told this young man that if the Bible were not 
true, then I could see very little of value in it even 
as literature. This was perhaps a rash statement be- 
cause much that we consider great literature — Shake- 
speare ' s work for instance — is not necessarily true. 
But what I meant is that if it is not true, then its 
whole purpose is vain. Then the millions who have suf- 
fered and died for- the Word of God and the Lord Jesus 
Christ were misled and tricked into a useless, miser- 
able life and a horribly painful, vain death. This 
would be like Paul reasons on the resurrection in I 
Corinthians 15:13-19: "But if there be no resurrection 
of the dead, then is Christ not risen: And if Ghrist 
be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your 
faith is also vain. Yea, and we are found false wit- 
nesses of God; because we have testified of God that 
he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be 
that the dead rise not. For if the dead rise not, then 
is not Christ raised: And if Christ be not raised, 
your faith Is vain; ye are yet in your sins. Theri they 
also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished. 


If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of 
all men most miserable." But Paul continues and says, 
" But now is Christ risen . . ." And we too can say with 
-certainty, "The Holy Scriptures are true, and the faith- 
ful Christian martyrs have not lived and died in vain." 
The Bible is the greatest of literature but its highest 
value is its truth — the central theme of which is God 
.sending His Son for the salvation of . , .... . 

How unique is this Word of GodI Truly it is great 
literature, and yet some of its writers were uneducated 
men.- How could they have written great literature? 
The answer Is in II Timothy 3-16, "All scripture is 
given by inspiration of -God, and is profitable for doc- 
trine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in 
righteousness: That the man of God may be perfect, 
throughly furnished unto all good works. » The inspira- 
tion of God is what makes the Bible greatest. 

Which of the great literary works has changed men's 
lives like the Bible? Have any died at the stake for 
reading or owning the works of Homer or Shakespeare? 
Have men devoted their lives to- teaching the writings 
of John Steinbeck? Have -any sacrificed their lives, 
that men in the farthest, darkest corners, of the earth 
could read "A Tale of Two Cities" or "Dr. Zhivago"? 
Hoi There is no comparison to God's Word.. But these 
things have happened where the Word of God has gone 
into the world. This is what makes the difference: 
the fact that the Bible is God's Word and that it Is 
'true. Satan has put up every resistance to keep God*s 
Word from "the people who needed it. But the Holy 
Spirit has accomplished the spreading and preserving 
of this precious Book in spite of all the opposition. 

In view of the millions of lives which have been 
changed and the millions who have given their lives 
(including those who knew Jesus when He was here) for 
the Word of God, can anyone really believe that it Is 
not true? Could it have had this effect in the world 
if it were not true? Of course noti 

Consider this great passage of- Paul 1 s (Galatians 2: 
■20): "I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live, 


yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which 
I "now live in the flesh I 'live .the faith of the Son 
of God , who loved me, and gave himself for me." A 
statement like this would certainly lose its meaning, 
literary value and all, if it were not true. The beauty 
of the Psalms, the majestic lines of the prophets, the 
great accounts of the conquests of Canaan and the kings 
of Israel all are valueless If they are untrue. But, 
praise the Lord, the Bible is true, and anyone who will 
read it, believe it, and. have faith in God who gave it 
can have the testimony of a new life to prove it. No, 
you cannot prove it to someone who will not believe. 
But this does not change God's Word. "Yea, let. God be 

■ true but every man a liar." 

Jesus said, "I am the way, the truth, and the- life: 
no man cometh unto the Father, but by me." "Heaven and 
earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass a- 
way. 11 No man made claims like this before and no one 
but the Son of God could verify them with power over 

According to . World Book Encyclopedia ., the Bible is 
found nearly everywhere in the world. There are at 
least 195 complete translations. In one single year 
enough copies were distributed to average 47 for every 
minute of every hour, night and day. The American 
Bible Society reports that there are 1,431 languages 

■ into which at least one book of the Bible has been 
translated. The work of translation is now going on 
In 500 languages. The American Bible Society and its 
constituents in 1971 "produced and distributed over 
173 million copies of scripture." No other book can 
equal a record like this. 

I know that the Pilgrim readers—probably every one- 
believe that God's Word is true. We do •■ not need to be 
told this so we will believe it. But it appears that 
more and more we are going to encounter unbelief in 
the world. It is wise for us to be well founded on 
the Lord Jesus Christ and most certain that His Word 
will stand all the tests. It is wise to be ready to 
give a good answer when men question the truth of God ! s 


Word. This kind of witness is vitally needed in these 
latter days of unbelief when men are willing to honor 
God T s Word to the extent of calling it great literature 
and yet claim that it is untrue, — L.C. 


Count the cost of your sal vat ion , 
What it took to make you whole; 

Power to rise to saving station; 
What it took to save your soul. 

Count the cost your sin to carry 

To the cross of Calvary; 
What it cost your sins to bury, 

What it cost to set you free. 

Count the cost, you cannot measure: 
Priceless blood was shed for you; 

And to think this precious treasure 
Paid the price you could not do. 

Count the cost; the pain "attending 
Suffering mortals cannot know; 

Bore our sorrows, died defending 
Mankind lost in deepest woe. 

Count the cost in leaving heaven,. 

All the joys around the Throne, 
All the comfort, freely given, 

All the pleasures angels own. 

All the songs, melodious praising, 
Happy in His Father 1 s care, 

All the glory, to be gazing 
In a world of sinful air. 

Count the cost of your salvation; 
Think upon it more and more; 


He who died for every nation 
Gave to them His bounty store. 

Count the cost; they.. called Him sinner, 
He so sinless good -and pure; 

Count the cost and be a. winner. 
In His resurrection sure. 

Count the cost if you would follow 
In His steps to be made free; 

All His. words and deeds to hallow, 
All His ways of liberty. 

— J. I. Cover 


The Jews were too strict as to Sabbath observance. 
God gave it to them for a delight, but they hedged it 
about with so many foolish and anno3>ing rules that it 
became repulsive. 

The early Christians made the Lord's Day one of holy 
gladness. Then came religious decline when rejoicing 
became godless fun. Then the grand old Puritans, re- 
pelled by the frivolity and wickedness of the time, 
swang to the other extreme and kept the Sabbath'gloomilyw 
Now we are in danger of swinging back to frivolity, ir- 
religion, and Christless sport. If we had to choose 
between Puritan over-precision and Continental laxity 
which makes the Sabbath" the very worldliest of days, 
what Christian would hesitate to take the former, dedi- 
cated to thought and reverence, the bulwark of our 
country 1 s purity and religion? 

But there is a better way than either. How shall we 
put into the Sabbath* the brightness, the joy, the bless- 
ing, which shall make our children and our children. 1 s 
children love it as "the golden clasp that binds the 
volume of the week." 

The first condition for a proper use of the SabbatH* 
is to live so near to Christ every day of the week, to 


be so deeply consecrated to Him, that your unwavering 
purpose is to please Him in this as in all things. 
This purpose will help keep the conscience tender on 
the subject, will do much toward keeping the vision 
clear, and will go far toward begetting a happy spon- 
taneity in Sabbath~' r observance. 

With this sincere purpose to please Christ, I shall 
rest my body as far as compatible with higher interests. 
That customary toil should cease is axiomatic. As cer- 
tainly as God has written upon this physical frame, 
"Breathe, eat, drink, or die/ 1 so surely has He in- 
scribed here, "Take regular Sabbath rest, "or break down 
and go to the grave before your time*" 

Really' devoted to Christ, I shall, while avoiding 
needless, ordinary toil, be free to perform works of 
real mercy or necessity. Christ did not make His 
Sabbath a day for loafing or torpor. All works of 
beneficent love, all that ministers to "recovery from 
anguish, and carries out the divine purpose of grace, 
for body and soul, rescue from danger, healing of dis- 
ease, reformation of guilt," are sanctified by the ex- 
ample and words of Jesus. But If sincerely consecrated 
to Him I shall not make the word "needful" elastic e- 
nough to cover any kind of toil which some worldly wish 
suggests. I shall find a better way than lounging or 

Selected from The Vindicator 

---(This writer has used the word Sabbath to mean the 
Lord T s Day which Christians observe — technically not 
the Jewish Sabbath. — Ed.) 


We, the Old Brethren of Indiana, Ohio and Canada 
have appointed a fall Communion for October 21 and 22 
at the Wakarusa meeting house, the Lord willing, and 
the Canada meeting October 2% 

We extend a hearty invitation to the members and 
friends to be with us at these meetings. 

— Elmer Brovont 




By D. L. Miller —1884 

Before leaving this ancient city, we will take a 
short walk through its streets, visiting, as a place of 
general interest, the house of Simon the tanner. The 
streets are narrow and winding and, near the landing, 
are filled with bare-legged Arabs, camels, donkeys, 
dogs, and filth. There is an incredible amount of dirt 
and filth in all of these Eastern towns and cities un- 
der Turkish rule. Usually no effort is made to clean 
the streets, no sidewalks are to be found, and sewers 
seem to be entirely unknown.. 

Our walk led us at once to the supposed site of the 
house of Simon the tanner. Entering an arched way, we 
ascended an ancient stairway, which brought us into a 
little garden at one side of which, and close by the 
side of the house, Is an ancient well. A large flat 
stone with a hole two feet in diameter cut through the 
center Is laid over the top of the well. The water is 
drawn from the well through this hole in the rock by 
means of a rope and a leather bucket. The rope has cut 
a number of grooves more than an inch deep into the 
solid block of granite, showing that the well has been 
used many centuries and Is very old. Ascending another 
ancient stone stairway built at the side of the house, 
we come on the house top. The house is but one story 
high and like all the houses here has a flat, level 
roof, made by laying first heavy timbers on the wallsj 
these are crossed with poles laid close together, and 
on top of these the earth is placed and stamped firm 
and solid and the roof is completed; grass and flowers 
are found growing on the house tops. 

It is claimed that this house upon which we are now 
standing occupies the site of the one where Peter tar- 
ried, and upon which as he was praying he had the won- 
derful vision that led him to preach the gospel to and 


baptize the household of Cornelius. Whether this is 
the same spot upon which the house of Simon the tanner 
stood is a subject of some controversy. This may be 
said in favor of the assumption that it is. It is by 
the seaside (Acts 10:5,6), the old well showing that 
here a house must have stood for many centuries and 
which would also have furnished water for the tannery. 
In this part of the city are also located the tanneries. 

Dean Stanley, in his excellent work on Sinai and 
Palestine, considers that the circumstances are all in 
favor of the site having been truly identified. As we 
stood upon the house top, we thought of the great event 
that occurred, if not upon this particular spot, at 
least not far from it, when the divin'e command was 
given to include the Gentiles in the fold of Christ, 
(Acts 10:9-23) Below and around us were the terrace- 
like house tops of the city and looking down, almost 
at our feet, the swelling waves of the great sea were 
breaking over the reefs and wasting their force on the 
rocky coast. We plucked a few flowers from the house 
top and came away. 

We learned here that the house top is a much fre- 
quented place, that it is yet customary for the occu- 
pants in the cool of the evening after the heat of the 
day has passed to resort to the top of the house; that 
in the warm months many of the people sleep there in 
the open air, and that even yet the ancient custom of 
going on the house top to pray is kept up. It is won- 
derful how these people adhere to old customs and man- 
ners. We shall find that In many things they have not 
changed one iota for thousands of years, and that to 
some extent the same habits and customs are observed 
today that obtained in the days of Abraham. 

As we continued our walk, we found many singular 
customs among the people. Many little shops are to be 
seen on either side of the street where the different 
products of the country are offered for sale. The shops 
are small, dark, and like the streets, filthy. The only 
light Is admitted at the door, windows not being used 
at all. The custom of the native shopkeeper Is to ask 


a 'stranger three or- four times the value of an article. 
■.The. selling is always attended with much disputing and 
bargaining. The salesman, sitting cross-legged on his 
mat or rug, makes the most astounding gesticulation, 
asserting with great energy all the time that the arti- 
cle is much too cheap whilst the intending purchaser, 
•in like manner, insists that it is too dear; in this 
way a half hour is often spent, when at last the price 
is'" agreed upon and the sale effected. 

.iMUch .of the work is done in the open air. Shoe- 
makers, blacksmiths, wood workers and others may be 
seen busily at work in the open streets. We noticed 
here a barber plying his vocation in the streets. He 
was cutting hair. His customer was seated in the usual 
manner on the ground with a small looking glass in his 
hand, apparently directing the operation. 

All kinds of work that can by any possible means be 
performed in a sitting posture : is, sure to be done in 
that way, the feet and toes often being used in the 
work. A man is seen working at a turning lathe; he 
sits down, turns the lathe with one hand/ and manages 
the chisel v;ith the other hand and "one foot. The 
■blacksmith, sitting on the ground with his anvil and 
fire before him, works away industrious^. 

Here we see one of the mills, used and worked almost 
entirely by women. There can be no -doubt that this is 
' the same kind of a mill used in this country in the 
olden time and to which reference is' so often made in 
the Bible. The mill .is exceedingly simple in its con- 
struction.. Two stones, an upper and a nether, about 
twelve inches in diameter and two or three inches thick,. 
are used; a hole, . probably two inches in diameter," is 
cut through the lower, stone, arid into this is driven 
and firmly- wedged a strong . wooden pin ten inches" long. 
This pin serves to keep the upper stone in its place. 
Through the center of the upper stone is cut a hole- 
nearly three inches in, diameter, and near the outer 
edge another, perhaps two .inches. in diameter; into the 
latter- hole is driven a round stick or. peg* which serves 
as a handle. The mill is now completed. The lower- 


stone is placed firmly on the ground and securely fas- 
tened, to prevent it from turning. The upper stone is 
placed on top of it, and two women seated on the ground 
seize hold of the handle and turn the stone rapidly 
around. The grain is fed into the hole in the center 
of the stone by hand and the meal is thrown out around 
the stones as it is ground. The work is hard and the 
process of converting grain into meal is a slow one. 

In the days when Solomon was king, when the children 
of Israel were in the height of their prosperity/ then 
the sound of the millstones and of the grinding was 
heard in every home, and it came to be regarded as an 
evidence of the prosperity of the people and of a boun- 
teous harvest and of great plenty In all the land. And 
so the sound of the millstones and of the grinders came 
to be regarded as much an occasion for joy and gladness 
as was the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the 
bride: "Moreover I will take from them the voice of 
mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the 
bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of 
the millstones, and the light of the candle." (Jeremiah 

The words of warning and of threatening that so often 
came to Israel from the Almighty through the mouths of 
the prophets were couched in language that the people 
well understood. They knew the horrors of a famine, 
from the time that the sons of Jacob went down into 
Egypt to buy corn even to the time when the prophet de- 
clared that there should ". be no rain in the land for four 
years, and the ceasing of the sound of the millstones 
and of the grinders had to them a terribly significant 
meaning. It meant famine, hunger, starvation, and even 
death; a time when strong men would bow themselves down 
and tremble, when, eyes would grow dim with suffering, 
and when mirth and joy would disappear from among them. 

"In the day when the keepers of the house shall trem- 
ble, and the strong men shall bow themselves, and the 
grinders cease because they are few, and those that look 
out of the windows be darkened, and the doors shall be 
shut in the streets,, when the sound of grinding is low, 

14 - — THE -PILGRIM 

and he shall rise up at the voice of the bird, and all 
the -daughters of , music shall be brought low." (Eccle- 
siastes 12:3j4). 

'From the earliest times it was the custom for women 
to grind at -the mills* koses, in declaring to -Pharaoh 
that all the first-born should die, refers to this fact* 
(Exodus 11:5) "From the f Irst-born^ of Pharaoh that 
sitteth upon his throne, even unto the first-born of 
the maid-servant that is behind the mill. 11 It was to 
this custom that our Divine Master referred when He 
uttered these words, !l Two women shall be grinding at 
the mill; the one shall be taken, and the other left. 11 

And so we find that this simple yet useful implement 
came to be often usea in the words of prophecy. It 
seems remarkable too, that the same kind of a mill, 
worked in exactly the same kind of a way without change 
or improvement, should be in use in Palestine today as 
was used here nearly four thousand years ago, in the 
days of Abraham and of the patriarchs, and later in the 
time of 'David and Solomon, and later still in the days 
when our Savior walked on the earth among men. 

There can be no doubt that this is true, and it 
shows hovj little change there has been and with what 
tenacity these people cling to the old ?/ays of their 
fathers. Such a thing as advancement or improvement 
is hardly known among them. 

The great glory of Jaffa is, however, the magnifi- 
cent orange and lemon groves. They are very extensive, 
completely surrounding the city on the land side, and 
for miles the scene is one of great beauty. The trees 
are bending beneath the weight of the most luscious 
fruit, whilst the blossoms* give forth a sweet perfume, 
filling the air with a. delicious scent which one fully 
appreciates after a walk through the dirty streets* 
There are over three hundred of these gardens or groves, 
varying in size from three or four' to ten or twelve 
acres. Most of the gardens, especially the larger, 
have two wells, whilst the others have but one. The 
water Is drawn from the wells by means of small buckets 
fastened to an endless chain hung over a wheel. The 


wheel is turned by hand in some cases , whilst in others 
it is geared to a long sweep or crank, and a camel does 
the work. The water is used to irrigate the gardens, 
for without irrigation nothing will grow on the land. 

We are here in the height of the season, and men, 
women, and boys are. "busily engaged in picking oranges* 
As they are taken from the trees, they are .wrapped, 
separately in white paper and packed in large boxes or 
cases. They are then carried on camels either to the 
boat landing or to the interior towns. Oranges are 
sold in the streets of Jaffa at the rate of three and 
four for one cent, and this- for .the largest and finest 
fruit, some of it measuring ten or fifteen inches in 
circumference. It Is estimated that about 8,000,000 
are produced annually. Other fruits, such as lemons, 
pomegranates^ melons, citrons, etc., also grow to great 
perfection. All that is needed to make the barren, 
sandy soil bloom like a garden and produce in the most 
lavish abundance is plenty of water. 

To be continued. 

From Letters From Bible -Lands 

it bright and shining all the time. There are- many 
things that John told about — the river of life and the 
tree of life—the throne of God; but one thing he told 
I want you to remember because it is very important. 
In that beautiful city Will be no. bad people—only 
good; not even a person that tells lies. Now I know 
that children aren't always good; I know I -wasn't — but 
there is a way that we can get to see that beautiful 
city. We must believe in Jesus. We must learn to love 
Him above -everything, just like John. Jesus can make 
us good and pure and then when we die or Jesus comes 
again, we can go home to that beautiful city of God 
and be with Jesus always. 

— Rudolph Cover 

16 - THE .- PILGRIM.- 



' In the New Testament it says five times that "John 
was the disciple whom Jesus loved." Me know that Jesus 
loves everyone, but He liked John' especially well be- 
cause John loved and trusted Jesus. After Jesus went 
back to heaven the people who believed in Him were per- 
secuted by those who hated Jesus. This means that they 
were put in prison and some were even killed because of 
their faith in Jesus. John was a very important be- 
liever in Jesus because he had known Him all his life 
and could tell people about how Jesus lived and the 
good things He had done; how He had healed the sick, 
caused the blind to see, the deaf to hear and had even 
brought back to life people that were dead! Because 
John was such a witness the emperor or king of Rome had 
John taken to a lonely island where no one lived. This 
Island was called "Patmos". 

While John lived on the island of Fatmos, the most 
wonderful thing in his life happened. Jesus , who had 
gone back to heaven, came to visit John on the island. 
He appeared to John in His glory, and His face shone 
like the sun. And John fell down at Jesus' "feet like 
he was dead. It was just too wonderful. But Jesus - 
laid His right hand on John and said, "Fear not, I am 
the Tirst and the last.'* Jesus gave John a message for 
each of the seven churches in Asia; and Jesus took John 
to heaven and he saw the throne of God. 

We don l t 'have space to tell of all the wonderful 
things that were shown to John, but in the 21st chapter 
of Revelations John says he saw a new heaven and a new 
earth. An angel carried John away to a great and high 
mountain where he saw a great city called the New 
Jerusalem coming down from heaven. John tells us what 
he saw there: how the walls of" the city were made of 
precious stones, the gates to the city were made of 
pearl, the street was pure gold, there was no night 
there because the light and glory of Jesus would make 

(continue to bottom of page 15) 


VOL. 19 OCTOBER— NOVEMBER, 1972 NOS. 10 & 11 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


We have come to the time of thanksgiving again, 

A day that has been set apart 
For praising our God for sunshine and rain, 

And showing true gladness of heart. 

But oh, how we mortals are prone, to forget, 

When the day of thanksgiving is past, 
That the heavenly Father still cares for us yet — 

Forever His goodness shall last. 

Are we giving "thanks always for all things 11 that -come: 
For the shadows and sunshine and rain?- ' - ' - 

Can we thank Him for grace and for strength to endure, 
When we come to affliction and pain? 

Do we thank Him for guidance to show us the way, 
And the grace that will help us to stand, 

And rejoicing in hope of His glory some day, 
As we enter that heavenly land? 

Can we glory in trials that work for good, 

And make us both patient and kind? 
Let us always be thankful for shelter and food, 

But greater than wealth — peace of mind. 

While we thank Him indeed for the things that are seen 

And the temporal tokens of grace, 
May we ever keep sight for the blessings unseen, 

And the hope of beholding His face. 

For though this frail temple shall vanish away, 

We still have a building up there, 

Where we shall give thanks through eternity's day 

For all of God's infinite carei 

— Mary V. Harris 

"THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


"Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the 
knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord, According as 
his divine power hath given unto us all things that 
pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge 
of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: Where- 
by are given unto us exceeding great and precious pro- 
mises: that by these 3*3 might be partakers of the di- 
vine nature , having escaped the corruption that is in 
the world through lust. 1 ' (II Peter 1:2-4) 

Inasmuch as these divine blessings and wonderful 
aids are conditioned upon escaping the corruption that 
is in the world through lust, it is important that we 
study this method of escape , Corruption is the condi- 
tion of a blighted world caused by sin, as we know only 
too well, and produces moral decay. It is an arresting 
of the natural process of body living that finally 
brings about the death and decay of the body back to 
its original elements. . 

But of more devastating work this working upon the 
mind^and soul of man by lust, unlawful desire, and en- 
ticement brings about the evil process working on as 
we read: ■■ "But every man is tempted, when he is drawn 
away of his own lust] and enticed. Then when lust hath 
conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is 
finished, bringeth forth death," (James 1:14, 15) The 
vicious work of corruption is so graphically told by 
Peter: "But these, as natural brute beasts, made to 
be taken and destroyed, speak. evil of the. things that 
they understand not; and shall utterly .perish in their 
own corruption ." (II Peter. 2: 12) -This last verse de- 
scribes those who have had the "full process of this^ 
vicious, corroding work of corruption upon their minds 
and inner man; and as we read: "What fruit had ye then 
in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end 
of those things is death." (Romans 6:21). 


From this corrosive and evil condition of the mind 
there is an escape , an assurance and insurance that once 
escaped we can keep clear from corruption as we read: 
"We know that whosoever is born of God sinneth not (unto 
death); but he that is begotten of God keepeth himself , 
and that wicked one toucheth him not." (I John 5:18) 
If we accept the gracious gifts of God that "pertain 
unto life and' godliness," In us can be fulfilled "the 
exceeding great and precious promises," and we can be 
"partakers of the divine nature." We can "escape the 
corruption that is in the world through lust." 

We come to Jesus, who is "the way, the truth and the 
life" by the way of faith, repentance, and baptism, 
which opens up the way for the Holy" Spirit to come into 
our lives. Then He takes charge and takes care of His 
own, and they are kept from the evil. (St. John 17:15) 
If you are -true and loyal to Him' He can "keep you from 
falling, and present you faultless before the presence 
of his glory with exceeding joy." (Jude 24) We profess 
to believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.., and that 
He brought from, heaven a saving gospel. Let us possess 
that belief wholly. Then God will give us power to act 
in accepting His divine will which can* really be our 
guide through life. 

Are we satisfied with the work and progress of "cor- 
ruption in our lives? That question brings on another: 
How shall we escape if we neglect so great salvation? 
The' answer .is plain: "See that ye refuse not him that 
speaketh. For If they escaped not who refused him that 
spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, 'if vie 
turn away from him that speaketh from heaven." (Hebrews 

12r25) , ' 

We can escape the corruption that is in the world 
through lust. We can also escape the damnation of hell. 
(Matthew 23:3) This corruption through lust brings us 
to the place of the second death, where the cesspool of 
corruption pours all its corroding influence. No good 
thing is there. All who enter there have had all the 
good taken away; as we read:, "For he that hath, to him 
shall be given: and he that hath not, from him shall 


be taken even that which he hath." (Mark 4:25) Matthew 
makes it- even more -understood: "Take therefore the tal- 
ent from him, and give it unto him which hath ten tal- 
ents. For unto every one that hath shall be given , and 
he shall have abundance; but from him that hath not 
shall be taken away even that which he hath. And cast 
ye the unprofitable servant into outer darkness: there 
shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth." (Matthew 25: 
28-30) Cast away after the talent was taken awayl 

In escaping the corruption that is in the world 
through lust there is only one danger: the desire to 
go back. We read, "For when they speak great swelling 
words of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the 
flesh, through much wantonness, those that were clean 
escaped from them who live xn error. While they prom- 
ise them liberty, they themselves are s the servants of 
corruption : for of whom a man is overcome, of the same 
is he brought ">p bondage. For if after they have es- 
caped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge 
of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again 
entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse 
than the beginning." (II Peter 2:18-20) 

God has provided a way to counteract all this as we 
read: "There hath no temptation taken you but such as 
is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not 
suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but 
will with the temptation also make 'a way to escape, 
that ye may be able to bear it." (I Corinthians 10:13) 
my dear reader, do not you see the mercy, love, and 
grace shining through? God would much like to see you 
regard temptations as the Apostle James says: ."My 
brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into 'divers 
temptations; knowing that the trying of your faith 
worketh patience. But let patience have her perfect 
work, that ye may be perfect and entire, wanting noth- 
ing." (James 1:2-4) 

God would like us to be valiant soldiers of the cross, 
be on guard, that when temptations come, to overcome 
and be victorious every time. That gives us strength, 
quickness of eye to discern how to strike, and also 


see the way of escape , but do not forget the great weap- 
on °^ P^y 61 * an d should you sometimes fail, do not be 
ashamed to confess. The same apostle says: ''Confess 
your faults one to another, and pray one for another, 
that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of 
a righteous man availeth much. 11 (James 5vl6) Also, n My 
little children, these things write I unto you, that ye 
sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with 
the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: And he is the 
propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but 
also for the sins of the whole world." (I John 2:1-2) 
You can escape the corruption that is in the world 
through lust. You can be true to God and resist temp- 
tations . You can overcome the world because "greater is 
He that is in you than he that is in the world." You 
can find the way of escape when tempted. You can if you 
stay close to the Lord and. His holy Word. The closer 
you are to God, the greater you will " abhor that which 
is evil 11 and the greater your desire to. "cleave $o that 
which is good." Then comes the thrill and joy of leav- 
ing all this world behind.. Death will be the /escape 
road from glory to glory, for we read: "Behold, I show 
you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all 
be changed, In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at 
the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the 
dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be 
changed." (I Corinthians 15:51-52) The' wonderful escape 
to glory by death, and the glorious resurrection! 

Escape for safety and look not back, 
For evil forces are on your track; 

hasten to leave the land of sin 

For sinful conflicts rage hard within. 

Escape for thy life and have no fear, 
The way to safety ahead is clear; 

Look to Mount Zion for peace and rest, 
Safe and secure with all the blest. 


Escape , for corruption closes fast, . 

Time for mercy will not always last; 
In this dark county of sin and woe 

The mountains ahead is where to go. 

. Escape, for angels will lead the way, 
Keep going onward — do not stay; 
That pillar of salt warns all who pass 
Of backward looking, alas, alas I 

Escape, and living on higher ground, 
On the sure- foundation always found; 

And building for homeland's place of rest, 
Building- with materials of the best* 

We meet with temptations- hard and strong, 
But God. is faithful all the way long; 

A way of escape is made for all 

Who love the Lord and for mercy call, 

Working time over then blissful rest. 
To sleep In Jesus with all the blest; 

The way of escape from second death 

Comes to the faithful at parting breath. 

Escaping to glory's morning hour, 

God. manifesting His mighty power; 
A home In heaven before the Throne, 

Happy in glory; God's very own, 

— J. I. Cover 


We of the Salida congregation were made, to rejoice 

when another precious soul, namely Linda Crawmer, was 

received into our fellowship on October 1, by a public 

confession of faith and holy baptism. 

— Daniel F. Wolf 

SHIRK— A son, Timothy Michael, born on November 9 to 
Glen and Lois Shirk of Modesto, California. 



"As ye therefore have received Christ Jesus the Lord, 
so walk ye in him: Rooted and built up in him, and 
stablished in the faith , as ye have been taught , a- 
bounding therein with thanksgiving. 11 (Colossians 2:6-7) 

How much is in these two versesi It struck me as I 
was reading them recently that if we could only follow 
these instructions to the letter, what wonderful re- 
sults we would have. We so often fail, even in little 
things , to truly walk in the Lord in our daily lives — 
and how we regret this as we examine ourselves from 
time to time. These failings can, however, bring us 
closer to Him as we are more thankful than ever that 
our sins can be forgiven through the blood of the Lamb. 

So Paul tells us how to walk in Him. First we must 
be "rooted" ♦ A root, according to Webster, "holds the 
plant in position, draws water and nourishment from 
the soil, and stores food." Without the root to per- 
form these functions, a plant is doomed to wither and 
die— and so are we, without Christ to hold us in posi- 
tion op the narrow way and supply us with spiritual 
food through His word and the Holy Spirit. : 

Then we must be "built up". Just as a child grows 
physically from day to day with visible results, so we 
must grow spiritually. And as a child will not grow 
without natural food, so we will not grow without 
spiritual food — prayer, meditation, and the reading of 
God*s word.' As -we grow, our faith and love for the 
Lord will be increased, and * we will be stronger in our 
walk for Him. 

Paul tells us we must be "stablished In the faith" — 
to be firmly settled so that we will not be moved. If 
we are rooted and built up in Him, this will follow 
naturally. And we are assured that If we believe in 
Jesus with all our hearts, nothing can take us away 
from Him or Him away from us. What wonderful promises! 
Is it any wonder that we should have nothing but joy 
and thanksgiving in our hearts? If we can only manifest 


this joy and thanksgiving in our daily walk, we shall 
truly be lights of the world. 

— Dorothy Moore 
.Modesto, California 

EDITORIAL... ■ ' " " -• 

We" live in an age of materialism where it is cer- 
tainly true that, "The .more we get, the more we want," 
and the less thankful we are. If we suddenly changed 
places with someone of 2000 years ago or even 200 years 
ago, perhaps we would feel quite let down. We would 
have to realize that the luxuries and conveniences that 
we take for granted had not even been discovered yet. 
Gone would be our efficient communication systems; 
transportation would be slowed to a walk or a gallop 
at best. Our fresh, off-season foods and expert med- 
ical care would be gone. It would be quite a change. 
Even in our own time, most live without these luxuries. 

The -future too, if the Lord tarries-, will likely 
bring still more conveniences and inventions. The 
Savior said, (Luke 12:15) "Take heed, and beware of 
covetousness: for a man's life consisteth not in the 
abundance of the things which he possesseth." 

In our life' here we are in a continual struggle over 
the issue of "things". What place are they to hold in 
our lives and how important are they? We have been 
created and placed here in the world with the capacity 
to enjoy the material objects around us. "Without a 
revelation of higher values, this would be our lot and 
our purpose in life. All around us we can se'e people 
who seem to have no higher goal than to live here and 
enjoy the things they can see and handle. They can 
have a certain amount of contentment. And if it were 
not fofr Satan, man could be extremely happy in the 
world in which God has placed him. 

But God has something higher in 'mind for us*. He 
wants us to be happy here but not at the sacrifice of 
the higher goals and eternal happiness which He has in 
store. Satan introduced the lie and his rebellion in- 
to God*s creation, and now the world is not the same 


as before. Man fell for Satan 1 s lie and fell in the 
sight of God; death entered. In answer to this fall 
God provided His only Son for the atonement for man's 
sins. Now He calls us to come to Him leaving the 
things of earth for He has pronounced eventual destruc- 
tion on this present world. 

But though we have a higher calling and one of such 
great importance and reward, we still,, by our natures 
and by Satan 1 s lies, hold on to our position among 
earthly things. 

In Jesus' ministry He demonstrated His power by do- 
ing miracles. Two different times He took a small 
amount of food, and fed thousands of people who came to 
hear Him and see His works. The astonished disciples 
gathered up more left-overs than the Savior had to 
start with. 

Pollowihg these miracles of mass feeding, the people 
demonstrated their earthly outlook in two different 
ways. On the one hand, followers came to Jesus simply 
for earthly reasons— to eat and be satisfied. They came 
for the food He provided so miraculously. Jesus ac- 
cused them (John 6:26,2?), "Verily, verily I say unto 
you, Ye seek me, not because ye saw the miracles, but 
because ye did eat of the loaves and were filled. La- 
bour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that 
meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the 
Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the 
Father sealed." These miracles were to prove the 
divinity and power of Jesus but the people were inter- 
ested only in the result, which was natural food. Jesus 
gave them there the great lesson on the bread of life: 
Jesus Christ Himself of which we must partake if we 
want to have eternal life. 

On the other hand, the disciples saw His miracles 
and then failed to trust Him. Soon after these same 
miracles of feeding, Jesus told them to beware of the 
leaven of the Pharisees and of the leaven of Herod. 
The disciples reasoned immediately that Jesus was re- 
minding them that they had taken no bread along. He 
asked them then, "Why reason ye, because ye have no 
bread? perceive ye not yet, neither understand? have 


ye your heart yet hardened? Having eyes, see ye not? 
and having ears, hear ye not? and do ye not remember?,. 
How is it that ye do not understand? (Mark 8:17-21) 
He reminded them about His miracles and how they gath- 
ered up so much bread. Bread was not the problem, but 
Jesus was teaching them to beware of the doctrine of 
the Pharisees which was wickedness and hypocrisy. 

Are we not like this today? On the one hand we 
place too much importance on the receiving of earthly 
blessings. We follow Jesus just to n eat of the loaves 
and be filled." We are sometimes like the ones the 
missionaries called n rice Christians' 1 ; they came only 
for the hand-outs of rice. We want the blessings and 
things of this life the Lord has provided for us so - 
abundantly, but we hesitate to be completely committed 
to serve Him. 

On the other hand we are like the disciples who par- 
took of this miraculous meal and then worried about 
where the next meal was coming from. "We receive so 
abundantly and then fret and fail to trust Him for all 
our natural provisions. 

In both these cases, we see, the people them and 
now show our earthly outlook and preoccupation with 
the things of this life. Vie continually seek more and 
more earthly signs that our Lord is with us. 

We must, with the apostle Paul, "count all things but 
loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus 
my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, 
and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ, and 
be found in him..." We must keep earthly things in 
their proper place and "labour. . .for that meat which 
endureth unto everlasting life." 

As we pass through another Hhanksgiving season let 
us be truly thankful for all these wonderful "things" 
around us, but may we realize the true higher values 
that are gifts from God far greater than all our tempor- 
al conveniences and comforts. He has given us hope of 
eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord, May we 
trust Him for guidance through this age of materialism 
that we may lay hold on eternal life. — L.C. 


By D. L. Miller —1884 

At 11 o'clock A.M. we leave Jaffa, riding through 
the narrow streets out of the town into magnificent 
orange and lemon orchards protected on either side of 
the roadway by impenetrable cactus hedges. The day is 
bright and clear; the air warm and balmy and laden with 
the sweet scent of orange blossoms whilst the golden, 
luscious fruit hangs temptingly from the trees. Fur- 
ther on, the road is nicely shaded by cypress and sy- 
camore trees. In every direction the water wheels are 
to be seen in operation, drawing water for the gardens 
and orchards; for every tree and shrub growing here 
owes its life and existence to the water drawn from 
the wells. 

Leaving the orchards and gardens : , we enter the beau- 
tiful and fertile plain" of Sharon, * so noted in the days 
of Israel for the fertility of its soil, the richness 
of its pastures, and the beauty of its flowers... 

Camels, oxen, mules and asses were to be seen on 
ever?/ hand, yoked or hitched to the primitive plows 
with which the farmers were stirring the soil. 

The rude implement used for plowing is, in many 
cases, made after the pattern used in Palestine 2000 
years ago. Occasionally we see a slight attempt at im- 
provement, but for the most part, the farmers are ouite 
content to use the same kind of agricultural implements 
used by their ancient fathers. The plows that we ex- 
amined were exceedingly simple in construction. A 
strong, tough piece of wood about 3h feet long serves 
for both plowshare and handle. Near the center is mor- 
tised a hole into which a long pole is securely fastened 
which may be called a beam, but better a tongue. It 
is long enough to reach to the yoke on the necks of the 
oxen, to which it is fastened by a rope or piece of raw- 
hide. One end of the piece of wood Is pointed and is 
sometimes armed with a piece of iron resembling a bull 


tongue — the plowshares to which reference is made in 
Joel 3:10 — whilst the other end, with a short , round 
crosspiece fitted on it, serves as a handle. It has 
only one handle, and we see at once how appropriate the 
language of our Lord: "No man, having put his hand to 
the plow, and looking back, is fit -for the kingdom of 
heaven." (Luke 9:62') 

With one hand the farmer grasps the handle of his 
plow; in the other he carries a strong, stout pole about 
eight feet long, armed at one end with an iron bit or 
chisel used for scraping the dirt from the plow, and 
at the other, with a sharp spear used as an ox-goad. 
We examined one of these ox-goads closely and could well 
believe that it might become, in the hands- of a strong 
man, a powerful and deadly weapon as the Philistines 
found to their sorrow when Shamgar, son of Anath, slew 
of them 600 men with only such a weapon, (judges 3:31) 

The road we are now traveling has for ages been the 
main thoroughfare between Jaffa and Jerusalem. Across 
this plain were carried the cedar and the fir trees 
used by Solomon in the construction of the temple. 
Over this highway, prophets and apostles, priests and 
kings have walked and ridden from the sea to the Holy 
City, It has resounded to the martial tread of the 
Crusaders intent on victory or death beneath the stan- 
dard of the Cross. Over this road the feet of millions 
of weary pilgrims have trod with only one object in 
view — to see Jerusalem, the birth-place and the tomb of 
our Lord, and there to lie down and die... 

At Ramleh we saw for the first time a company of 
lepers — a horrible sight with which we were destined to 
become more familiar before finishing our journey in 
Palestine. There were ten or twelve of them sitting 
by the way-side at the entrance of the town. As we 
approached them, they all got up and crowded around us 
holding their arms and hands up so that we could see 
their terrible condition, at the same time uttering 
the most mournful and beseeching cries for help. No- 
thing can be more deplorable than their condition; and 
their agonizing cries and the sight of their wretched 
state would bring pity to the hardest heart. In some 

THE PILGRIM ^__________ 13 

the disease had gone so far that only the stump of a 
hand was left; joint after joint of the fingers had 
decayed, shriveled and fallen away until all were gone. 
In others the arms were a mass of sores to the elbows , 
and the face presented a most horrible and disgusting 
sight. . . 

About five miles from Ramleh we pass a Mohammedan 
village called El-Kubab with a population of about 400. 
The houses are mean and poorly built, the material used 
being mostly mud. The village stands on a hill, bound- 
ing the plain of Ajalon on the west. 

Before descending the hill, we stop and take a view 
of the valley of Ajalon where the five kings of the 
Amorites fell before the power of Joshua's conquering 
hosts, and where the sun and moon stood still until 
the victory was complete. Erom this point far up on 
the hills of Judea are to be seen the two Beth-horons 
(the upper and the nether), two places of great impor- 
tance in Bible history. They marked the boundary line 
between the tribes of Benjamin and Judah." We find 
these places frequently referred to in the Bible,, but 
they are noted more on account of the great battle 
fought and the victory won by Joshua over the enemies 
of the Israelites. It was on the upper Beth~*horon that 
Joshua stooa when he used these remarkable words: 
"Sun, stand thou still on Gibeon; and thou, moon, in 
the valley of Ajalon. 11 (Joshua 10:12)... 

We crossed over Ajalon as the sun was sinking in the 
western horizon, passing on the eastern side the vil- 
lage of Latrun. Here tradition locates the home of tte 
the penitent thief. In about three miles from Latrun 
we reached Babel-Wady, which signifies the entrance 
(or door) to the valley. It lies directly at the foot 
of the mountains of Judea, and here we stop to rest and 
to feed our horses.,. 

Many travellers pitch their tents at this place, re- 
main over night and ride to Jerusalem the next day, 
thus taking two days for the journey from Jaffa to the 
Holy City. But, as there is little of interest to be 
sieen in the barren mountains and the desolate wilderness 
of Judea, we preferred to ride through in one day and 


part of the night and so gain a day to be spent in 
Jerusalem where there are so many things to interest 
the visitor. 

So we started up the valley road which led us direct- 
ly into Judea's mountains. For a short distance the 
road ascends gradually between two spurs of hills , but, 
walking a mile, the ascent becomes steeper and the 
scenery more rugged and barren. Among the rocks grow 
wild flowers in great profusion, and a kind of low 
brush or furze is also to be seen. A few olive trees 
are growing on the hillside; but for the most part, the 
trees are small and stunted. Farther up, the valley 
becomes narrower, more winding and much steeper. On 
every side rises hill upon hill, barren, rugged and 
desolate. A sense of loneliness and desolation came 
over us, and we felt that, indeed, we were in a wilder- 

Three miles of further toiling over a rough, rocky 
road brought us to the village of Abou Gosch, named af- 
ter a robber. The most important fact about this vil- 
lage is that it marks the site of the ancient city of 
Kirjath-jearim or the City of the Wood... 

Kirjath-jearim holds an important place in Bible 
history. It was on the northern boundary of Judah, and 
on the southern boundary of Benjamin. Urijah, the 
prophet, was born here. (Jeremiah 26:20) But the prin- 
cipal event connected with this place is the fact that 
here the Ark of the 'Covenant was kept for twenty years. 
The Ark of the Lord had fallen into the hands of the 
Philistines, and they, alarmed at the visitation of the 
Lord, had sent it away to Beth-shemesh. "And the men 
of Kirjath-jearim came, and fetched up the Ark of the 
Lord, and brought it into the house of Abinadab, in 
the hill, and sanctified Eleazar, his son, to keep the 
Ark of the Lord." And it came to pass, while the Ark 
abode in Kirjath-jearim, that the time was long; for 
it was twenty years; and all the house of Israel la- 
merited after the Lord.' 1 (I Samuel 7:1,2) And now King 
David appears on the scene; for he "gathered all Israel 
together, from Shihor, of Egypt, even unto the entering 
of Hemath, to bring the Ark of God from Kirjath-jearim.' 1 


(I Chronicles 13:5) 

They came to the quiet mountain village and took 
the Ark away to bring it to Jerusalem. The day was one 
of great rejoicing in all Israel, and as they moved 
away with their great prise , "David and all Israel 
played before God with all their might, and with sing- 
ing and with harps, and with psalteries , and with tim- 
brels, and with cymbals, and with trumpets." ' (I Chron. 
13:8) What a procession that must have been 1 . How they 
played and sang before the Lord in the fullness of their 
hearts, and In their great joy that they had again re- 
covered the Ark, and that the presence of the Lord God 
of Israel would again be with them... 

The last four miles of our ride are up hill, for 
Jerusalem is surrounded by mountains. Suddenly, in 
front of us, looms a dark object, and we can disting- 
uish the dim outlines of a high wall, and we begin to 
feel that the first day of our travel in Palestine is 
drawing to a close. In a few minutes , our wagons halt 
at a high tower in the wall. We are soon on the ground 
and entering the Jaffa gate. We are in Jerusalem. 

To be continued 

From Letters From Bible Lands 

Vie plow the fields and scatter 
The good seed on the land, 

But it is fed and watered 
By God's almighty hand. 

He sends the snow in winter. 
The warmth to swell the grain, 

The breezes and the sunshine, 
And soft refreshing rain. 

All good gifts around us 
Are sent from heaven above; 

Then thank the Lord, thank 
The Lord for all His love. 



I f m sure you have heard, of a young man whose name 
was David. He was the youngest son of his father, 
Jesse. David cared for his father's sheep and was 
very brave and trusted in the Lord. One time he. killed 
a bear and another time a lion was trying to get one 
of his lambs and David caught him by the beard and 
killed the lion. He was also the young man who killed 
the giant, Goliath. He later became king of Israel. 

David wrote many of the Psalms, especially of praise 
and thanksgiving to God. In Psalm 117 he says, "0 
praise the Lord, all ye nations: praise him, all ye 
people. 11 And in Psalm 118, "0 give thanks unto the 
Lord for he is good; because his mercy endure th for- 
ever, " Psalm 136 ends all 26 verses with, "for his 
mercy endure th forever;" Psalm 92, n It is a good thing 
to give thanks unto the Lord, and to sing praises unto 
thy name, most High;" Psalm 105, "0 give thanks unto 
the Lord; call upon his name; make known his deeds 
among the people." 

God said, "I have found David, the son of Jesse, a 
man after mine own heart, which shall fulfill all my 

One reason that David was a man after God's own 
neart is that he was grateful for what God had done 
for him. At this season of the year, after the crops 
hatfe been harvested and the Lord has blessed this na- 
tion with so much food, is a time when we should be 
especially thankful to the Lord who has given all 
things. We should say like David, "0, give thanks un- 
to the Lord for he is good; for his mercy endureth 

— Rudolph Cover 

Enter into his gates with thanksgiving, and into 
his courts with praise: be thankful unto him, and bless 
his name _p sa l ms 100:4 


VOL. 19 DECEMBER, 1972 NO. 12 

"Dearly beloved, 1 beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Hark! what mean those holy voices, 
Sweetly sounding through the skies? 
Loi the angelic host rejoices; 
Heavenly hallelujahs rise. 

Hear them tell the wondrous story, 
Hear them chant in hymns of joy: 
"Glory, in the highest, glory! 
Glory be to God most high!" 

Peace on earth, goodwill from heaven, 
Reaching far as man is found; 
Souls redeemed, and sins forgiven, 
Loud our golden harps shall sound.. 

Christ is born, the great Anointed; 
Heaven and earth His praises sing! 
Oh, receive whom God appointed 
For your prophet, Priest, and King! 

Haste, ye mortals, to adore Him; 
Learn His name and taste His joy: 
Till in heaven ye sing before Him, 
"Glory be to God most high!" 

Let us learn the wondrous story 
Of ■ our great Redeemer's birth, 
Spread the brightness of His glory, 
Till it cover all the earth. 

By John Cawood, 1816 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


And she brought forth her firstborn son, and 
wrapped him in swaddling clothes , and laid 
him in a manger; because there was no room 
for them in the inn. 

And there were in the same country shepherds 
abiding in the field, keeping watch over their 
flock by night. 

And lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, 
and the glory of the Lord shone round about 
them: and they were sore afraid. 

And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, 
behold, I bring you good, tidings of great 
joy, which shall be to all people. 

For unto you is born this day ... a Savior, 
which is Christ the Lord. 

St. Luke 2:7-11 

The birth of Jesus was one of the most glorious e- 
vents of history. Without God's revelation the true 
significance of this occasion could never have been 
realized. Think for a moment what Joseph, who was es- 
poused to marry Mary the mother of Jesus, must have 
thought when he learned that Mary was expecting a child* 
Such a situation", according to the Law, could involve 
a penalty of death. Joseph, being a kind and just per- 
son, chose to avoid publicity of the matter by privately 
breaking their proposed marriage promises. What a great 
joy and relief must have filled this young man's heart 
when the angel of the Lord revealed to him the truth. 
(Matthew 1:18-20) 


Keep in mind that God reveals His will and ways to 
those who seek after righteousness. Without God's rev- 
elation, I doubt whether the shepherds would have given 
more than a passive interest in learning of a baby ! s 
having been born to a traveling couple in the stable of 
the village inn* What a change of interest took place 
when the glory of the Lord shone about the shepherds 
and the angel spoke unto them. ' These men of God ex- 
perienced an eternal blessing that night. 

Surely Simeon and the prophetess Anna had seen many 
babies brought to the temple for the customary Jewish 
ritual , so why did they give special recognition to the 
baby Jesus? The second chapter of Luke tells plainly 
that the Holy Spirit revealed to these aged saints the 
identity and purpose of this child. 

Recognizing the true worth of the birth of Jesus in- 
to the world is as much of a personal revelation and 
blessing today as it was when Jesus was born. It is 
saddening to observe the misconceptions which the un- 
righteous often formulate concerning Jesus 1 birth. 
There is only one way to truly honor the birth of Jesus 
and that is to submit ones life to the will of God -and 
pray for understanding. Only then will the Holy Spirit 
reveal the true meaning of the birth of the Saviour in- 
to the world. 

— Joseph Vagner : 
Modesto, California 

There's a song in the airl 

There* s a star in the skyl 
There's a mother's deep prayer, 

And a baby 1 s low cryl 
And the star rains its fire 

While the beautiful sing, 
For the manger of Bethlehem 

Cradles a King. 

— Selected 



"Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; 
Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and 
shall call his name Immanuel." (Isaiah 7:14) 

A mighty angel announced His birth to the shepherds. 
The heavenly hosts of angels proclaimed His praises. 
"He came unto his own . . . even to them that believe 
on his name." (John 1:11,12) "And the Word was made 
flesh, and dwelt among us, and we beheld his glory . . . 
full of grace and truth," (John 1:14,15) The shepherds 
beheld Him; they spread the news of His birth "glorify- 
ing and praising God." The wise men from the east wor- 
shipped Him and gave Him gifts. Simeon held Him in his 
arms and was ready to die; Anna, a very old prophetess, 
"spake of Him to all them that looked for redemption in 
Jerusalem." John the Baptist said, "Behold the Lamb of 
God, that taketh away the sin of the world." 

The people were "astonished at His doctrine." The 
soldiers said, "Never man spake like this man." Said 
Solomon, "Chief est among ten thousand, yea, He is al- 
together lovely." 

The little children sang praises to Him in the Temple; 
they loved Him. Mothers brought to Him their little 
children, and "He took them up. in His arms, and blessed 
them." He loved all mankind, and many responded to His 
love. Peter fell down at His feet in the midst of the 
fishes and worshipped Jesus. He said on the mountain 
top, "Lord, it is good for us to be here." "God was 
manifest in the flesh." (I Timothy 3:16) 

The disciples left all to follow Him; His magnetic 
charm drew them nearer unto Him as they heard Him speak 
and saw Him do His mighty works. Martha loved to wait 
on Him, and Mary to sit at His feet and hear His gra- 
cious words, Jesus loved Mary, Martha and Lazarus in a 
special way. 

So Immanuel moved along with them, and something good 
was happening all the time. "He gave Himself for us." 
"There went virtue out of Him, and He healed them all." 
He often was up all night in prayer. Sometimes he re- 
fused to eat, saying, "I have meat to eat that ye know 


not of." He warned them of the evil and challenged 
them to do His will that they may know. 

He was the sinner's friend; He ate with publicans 
and sinners. John, the loving apostle, looked on and 
began to understand more and more of His work and lov- 
ing mission to save the lost and trusted Him. Jesus 
loved him, and he loved Jesus. 

He became worn and weary of bearing our heavy load 
of sin, sorrow, and woe. He freely gave and received 
strength to carry on. The disciples sometimes were im- 
patient with Him because He did not receive honor of 
men but was all the time helping others. 

He lost His freshness and beauty so that when they 
saw Him there was "no beauty that they should desire 
Him," M a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief. 11 

John looked on, and at the last supper, "leaned his 
head on His bosom. 11 He did not fully understand but 
trusted in Him and could say with confiding sorrow, 
"Lord, who is it?" Immanuel, God with us, gave His all 
for usi We went back on Him — "all forsook Him and 
fled," but He never went back on us. He suffered on 
the cross that we might escape the just judgment of God* 
He succeeded "to overcome, and now by His overcoming all 
sin and temptation He is able to help us to overcome 
and "escape the corruption that is in the world through 
lust." He died to abolish death and bring "life and 
immortality to light through the gospel." What "ex- 
ceeding great and precious promises" He gave to usi 
Yes, He arose from the grave and was with His disciples 
"forty days after His resurrection." 

Then He led them to the Mount of Olives and said to 
them: "All power is given unto me, in heaven and in 
earth." "Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, bap- 
tising them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, 
and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all 
things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am 
with you alway, even unto the end of the world. (Matthew 
28:18-20) "He lifted up His hands, and blessed them. 
And it came to pass, while He blessed them, He was 
parted from them, and carried up into heaven. (Luke 24: 


50-51) "A cloud received Him out of their sight/ 1 * 
Immanuel is with His people unto the end of the world 
and in heaven throughout eternity. 

From crystal wails to starlit halls, 

Shining celestial glory, 
Our Savior came to spread His fame 

And bring the sacred story, 

Immanuel who broke the spell 
Of sin's dark reign of terror; 

And brought us grace to save our race 
And gave us light from error. 

He came to all, aged and small, 

Benigning benediction; 
To help us all who heed His call 

And keep us from eviction. 

For angels sing, and joybells ring 

When He came down from heaven; 
Took human ways and time of' days, 

His life so freely given. 


In healing hour to show His power, 
Blessings like rain down-pouring; 

joy to see, with Him to be, 
Begin the treasure storing ♦ 

He suffered so in garden glow, 
His Father's will be taking; 

Upon the cross, our gain His loss, 
He died while earthquake shaking. 

He rose, He rose, and all His foes 
Began in great distressing 

To flee away to darkened day 
And miss the greatest blessing. 



sing to Him till lights are dim; 

We in His care be going 
From pain and death to parting breath, 

To joyful overflowing, 

joyful glow to onward go 

On heavenly manna feeding; 
Be near to bless , in kind caress, 

Immanuel be leading. 

J. I. Cover 
Sonora, California 


Down through the. centuries, the birth of a royal son 
has been an event of great importance — a cause for re- 
joicing. It has been customary in most kingdoms for 
the son to inherit the throne of his father. When this 
can go on for generations, the dynasty becomes estab-- 
lished, and if the successive kings are wise and fair- 
rulers, the people are happy that the son can inherit 
the throne and reign. This indicates times of national 
peace or victory in war^ because if a kingdom is de- 
feated, another king usually takes over. 

One of the greatest dynasties of the history of the 
earth was that of King David. His name Is at the head 
of the list of the righteous rulers of the kingdom of 
Israel and Judah. Unlike Saul before him, David had a 
heart to serve God. Though it was not God's choice to 
set up an earthly ruler of Israel, yet He blessed David 
and those of his successors who were faithful and just 
kings. The peace and wealth of this kingdom climaxed 
under the rule of David* s son Solomon. 

But God had a Ruler in mind for His people and this 
was .His own Son. He saw fit to bring Him into the 
world into this royal family of David. He announced 
His birth centuries before it actually happened, when 
Isaiah prophesied, "For unto us a child is born, unto 
us a son is given: and the government shall be upon 
his shouldert and his name shall be called Wonderful, 


Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The 
Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and 
peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, 
and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it 
with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for 
ever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this." 

Then when the time of the birth of this great King 
was nearly come, God sent the angel Gabriel to the vir- 
gin Mary in Nazareth with this announcement: "Fear not, 
Mary: for thou hast found favour with God, And, be- 
hold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth 
a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. He shall be 
great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and 
the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his fa- 
ther David: And he shall reign over the house of Jacob 
for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end." 
(Luke 1:30-33) 

This is the King the Lord God had in mind for His 
people. His kingdom was to be unending and one of in- 
creasing peace. But first there must be preparation of 
the Crown Prince. "Though he were a son, yet learned 
he obedience by the things which he suffered; And being 
made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation 
unto all them that obey him." (Hebrews 5:8,9) We mar- 
vel that the Son of God who was with the Father from 
eternity and "by whom also he made the worlds" would 
have to learn anything. -But the Kingly position set 
before Him required that He first be "made a little 
lower than the angels for the suffering of death, 
crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of 
Cod should taste death for every man." (Hebrews 2:10) 
Ho was made perfect through sufferings. M He humbled 
himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death 
cf the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted 
him, and given him a name which is above every name: 
That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow . . . 
And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ 
is Lord, to the glory of God the Father." (Philippians 
2:8-11) It was Jesus who accomplished atonement for 
the sins of the world. 


It is no wonder that the prophets told long ago of 
the birth of this King, And no wonder a mighty angel 
appeared to the young virgin chosen to give birth to 
Him, And no wonder the angel appeared to the devout 
shepherds and told them "Fear notr for, behold, I 
bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to 
all people. For unto you is born this day in the city 
of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord." And 
then the multitude of the heavenly hosts burst forth 
in praise to God: "Glory to God in the highest, and 
on earth peace, good will toward men." 

The kingdom of Jesus will never have an end. He is 
the perfect King, and God the Father has given Him this 
authority. His throne is called the throne of David 
because David was the man chosen by God to rule His 
people Israel. Through Israel and through the Kingdom 
of David came the promises of God to Abraham that his 
seed would be multiplied and blessed—innumerable and 
victorious. So this King was born to reign over the 
Kingdom of God and to fulfill God's promises. 

Dear Reader, now is the time to enlist in this King- 
dom of God. He has invited all to come to Him for rest 
and peace. Some day all earthly kingdoms will cease, 
and only the eternal Kingdom of Jesus will abide. The 
"seventh angel" told John of a time when "The kingdoms 
of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and 
of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever." 
(Revelation 11:15) Then will be the" time when all will 
wish they were subjects and not enemies of this eternal 

This King Jesus was born into the world nearly 2000 
years ago. Many like to remember and celebrate His 
birth in their own way. But there is only one accept- 
able way to honor this King, and that id to become His 
subject and obey His laws. 

This Kingdom is a Kingdom of peace, and all who are 
subjects of this King receive His peace which passeth 
all understanding. Jesus was to "speak peace unto the 
heathen" (Zechariah 9? 10) and "He will speak peace unto 
his people, and to his saints," (Psalm 85:8) He can 


opeak peace to us today If we will let Him reign in our 
hearts, — L.C. 


When gathering clouds around I view, 
And days are dark and friends are few, 
On Him I lean, who, not in vain, 
Experienced every human pain;. 
He sees my wants, allays my fears, 
And counts and treasures up my tears. 

If aught should tempt my soul to stray 

From heavenly virtue ? s narrow way, 

To fly the good I would pursue, 

Or do the sin I would not do, 

Still He who felt temptations power 

Shall guard me in that dangerous hour. 

When vexing thoughts within me rise. 
And sore dismayed my spirit dies, 
Yet He who once vouchsafed to hear 
The sickening of despair, 
Shall sweetly soothe, shall gently dry 
The throbbing heart, the streaming eye. 

When sorrowing o'er some stone, I bend, 
Which covers all that was a friend, 
And from his voice, his hand, his smile, 
Divides me — for a little while — 
Thou, Saviour, seest the tears I shed, 
For Thou didst weep o'er Lazarus dead. 

And 0, when I have safely passed 
Through every conflict but the last, 
Still, still unchanging, watch beside 
My painful bed — for Thou hast died; 
Then point to realms of cloudless day, 
And wipe the latest tear away. 

From an old hymn book 
Selected by Orpha Wagner 



By D. L. Miller —1884 

When we approach the summit of Mount Moriah, we find 
a holy place, about the authenticity of which there is 
no doubt. And whilst authors and ' learned men disagree 
as to other places, here all seem to agree. In fact, 
the Bible plainly indicates the place of sacrifice to 
have been the east or Temple Hill. 

The term Zion was also applied to the Temple Hill, 
as well as to Mount Zion, lying immediately west of the 
site of the temple. Here the great priest Melchizedek 
offered sacrifice to the Lord, and it was probably to 
this spot that the Almighty directed faithful Abraham 
to take his son Isaac and offer him for a burnt offer- 
ing. "Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom, :% . . 
thou lovest, and get thee Into the land of Moriah-f and 
offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the 
mountains which I will tell thee of." (Genesis 22:2) 

Here, also, David erected an altar by the command of 
the Lord, so that the plague that had been brought upon 
Israel by his sin might be stayed. "Then David said, . 
This is the house of the Lord God, and this is the al- 
tar of the burnt offering for Israel." (I Chronicles 
22:1) It was upon this spot, so divinely appointed and 
selected by David, that Solomon began the erection of 
the temple. 

Mount Moriah, at the time Solomon began the building, 
was entirely outside of the city of David and separated 
from it by the Tyropean Valley. The hill or mountain 
was a long ridge, perhaps a mile in length and , not more 
than a quarter of a mile wide. East of the' ridge and 
separating it from the Mount of Olives was the deep 
Valley of Jehoshaphat, whilst at its southern end it 
descended abruptly to the Valley of Hinnom. It was on 
the summit of this ridge near the southern end that the 
temple was built. The top of the mountain being too 
narrow for the building, Solomon undertook the gigantic 


labor of making an artificial area or platform on which 
to erect the house of the Lord, This work was begun by 
building heavy stone walls on either slope of the hill 
and far enough down so that the required width might be 
obtained. These walls were immense masses of masonry 
composed of huge blocks of cut stone, some of them 
■weighing, it is estimated, a hundred tons. 

It was this great work of preparing the platform for 
i he temple that occupied Solomon's 180,000 workmen so 
many years. (I Kings 5" 13,16) And let us examine the 
extent of this work. A writer who has given the subject 
a very close and critical examination says: 

"Wishing to make a broad, level area on the top of 
the mountain, and nearly on a level with its sharp sum- 
mit, he laid the foundation of the eastern and western 
■> alls on the solid rock near the foot of the mountain on 
each side, and built them up perpendicular until their 
tops were on a level with the top of the mountain. This 
required the western wall to be 150 feet high at its 
southern end and eighty feet high just opposite the tem- 
ple. The eastern wall was 170 feet high at its southern 
extremity, and severity feet opposite the temple; but, on 
account of a descent of the rock from this point north- 
ward, it was 160 feet high near its northern end, where 
Lt crosses a depression in the rock. The eastern wall 
id 1,536 feet long, while the western is 1,608. 

To connect the southern ends of these two walls, 
r hich were 927 feet apart, a cut was made across that 
, art of the mountain which lay between them, and the 
i- olid rock was laid bare to receive the foundations of 
the southern wall. The rock here rises about 100 feet 
s.3 we pass from the east side westward, and then de~ 
scends about 80 feet before we reach the southwestern 
corner. This wall, then, in order to reach the level 
of the mountain's top, was built up like the southern 
end of the eastern wall, with which it was joined, form- 
ing a corner or angle 170 feet high, while its height 
at the western corner was 150 feet. 

The northern ends of the two long walls were 1,044 
feet apart, showing that they were not parallel. At the 


northwestern angle the rock came to the surface and rose 
twenty feet above the desired level; so here the rock 
was cut away In leveling, and a perpendicular wall of 
solid rock was left standing at the corner and some dis- 
tance east of it. 

In the year 1867, Captain Warren made a number of ex- 
cavations, under the auspices of the Palestine Explora- 
tion Fund of England, to the foundation of the present 
walls around the temple platform and down to the solid 
rock on Mount Moriah, and everywhere he discovered the 
foundation stones were laid not only on the natural 
rock, but within a bed two feet deep, cut for them in 
this rock, so that nothing could move them from their 
places. The foundation stones bear to this day the 
marks of Phoenician letters painted on them by Hiram 1 s 
workmen, to show the order in which they were to be laid 
down." (Prof. McGarvey, Our Work in Palestine , pp. 121, 

If we have now fully grasped the extent of the walls 
here described, we can form some conception of the great 
work performed by Solomon. The walls were now complete, 
and the work of filling in the enclosed space, which 
contained about thirty-five acres, was then commenced. 
Captain Warren made a careful estimate of the .amount of 
earth required to fill this large area and found that 
not less than 70,000,000 cubic feet would be used In 
leveling up the platform. 

At the southeast corner, where the space to be filled 
was the greatest, the outer wall was 170. feet high. In 
order to save filling up this great space solidly, heavy 
stone piers were built from the solid rock nearly up to 
the required level. Strong arches were built on the 
piers and then the earth was laid on top of the arches 
until the desired level was reached. Here, then, at 
the southeastern angle of the temple area, were a number 
of subterranean vaults; and when these were discovered 
in modern times, they were supposed to be Solomon's 
stables. And they may have been used for this purpose 
by the great and wise monarch, for there Is evidence to 
show that they were so used in later years; as when we 


visited them we found rings cut in the piers for tying 


Many investigators and explorers say that Solomon's 
palace stood at the southern end of the temple platform 
whilst others, including Captain Warren, insist that 
t,his building stood on Mount Zion, As Warren is per- 
haps the most careful and painstaking explorer who has 
examined the subject , his opinions have great weight 
with scholars, n This temple-crowned and stone-encased 
mountain 11 was now connected with Mount Zion by two 
arched bridges thrown across the Tyropean Valley, Thus 
an easy passage was secured from Mount Zion to the tem- 
ple platform* 

The Haram, or Temple Platform, was entered by six 
gates; four on the west, one on the east, and one at 
the south end of the area. The one at the south was 
constructed of Cyclopean masonry and led up to the tem- 
ple area by stone steps. Two of those on the west were 
located at the terminus of the bridges before described; 
the third is covered with buildings, and the fourth is 
entered by a causeway which still exists. 

But the wonder of all the gates was that on the east, 
leading from the court of women to the upper court of 
'Me temple. This gate has been called the Golden Gate, 
and in the New Testament, the Beautiful Gate; it is very 
high., strongly fortified, and most richly and elaborate- 
ly ornamented. 

From Letters From Bible Lands 

What can I give Him 

Poor as I am? 
If I were a shepherd 

I'd give Him a lamb; 
If I were a wise man 

I would do my part — 
Yet what can I give Him? 

I'll give Him my heart. 

— Selected 



I've wondered who made that manger* Did he think 
as he labored^ "Just another manger, I'm tired of mak- 
ing mangers* Why can't I do something big that people 
admire, like a throne for Judea's governor. That would 
be grand. I'm weary with making mangers. I've a no- 
tion to quit — not finish it.. But no, I promised it, 
so — a Thus he may have thought as he made that lowly 
manger. He could not imagine that that manger would be 
better known and remembered than all the golden thrones 
of all earth's kings, for the second Person in the God- 
head, the Saviour for all earth's sinners, would be 
cradled in iti Beloved, read Colossians 3:23,24. 

By G. E» Larkin in Family Chat. Sel. by Alma Garbe r 

"And lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and 
the glory of the Lord shown round about them; and they 
were sore afraid. And the angel said unto them, Fear 
not: for behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, 
which shall be to all people. 

"For unto you is born this day in the city of David 
a Saviour which is Christ the Lord. And this shall be 
a sign unto you: Ye shall find the babe wrapped in 
swaddling clothes and lying in a manger. 

"And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of 
the heavenly host praising God and saying, Glory to God 
in the highest-* and on earth peace, good will toward menj 1 

Can we explain it? Can we understand .it? No — it all 
seems impossible to us but not so with God-. With God 
all things are possible. Jesus was born that He might 
show us how to live. He died that we could have our 
sins forgiven. 

"For God so loved the world that he gave his only be- 
gotten Son, that whosoever believe th in him should not 
perish, but have everlasting. life." 

• This is the miracle called Jesus — the greatest mir- 
acle the world has ever known. 

— Rudolph Cover 


Do you know what a miracle is? I suppose you might 
say that a miracle is something that happens that we 
can't explain or understand . That would be partly 
right , but a real miracle is something that God can do 
but we cannot. Now God can cause us to do miracles 
that would be impossible without Kis help — just like 
Jesus told Peter to walk on the water and he did! When 
Jesus was here He made the lame walk, the deaf hear, 
those that had never talked He caused to speak* Jesus 
opened, the eyes of a man born blind so that he could 
see, and He brought some back to life that were dead* 
What would we say if we saw a dead person get up and 
walk and talk and be alive again* I think we would all 
say, "Praise the Lord! It's a miracle*" 

Now I want to tell you about the greatest miracle 
the world has ever known: Jesus was the Son of God. and 
was with His heavenly Father when He made the earth and 
everything we see around us. The Bible says* "All 
things were made by Him* and without Him was not any- 
thing made that was made." We all know about Adam and 
^ve and how they disobeyed God and how the people of 
Lhe world became so wicked that God destroyed them with 
a flood and only Noah and his family were saved. It 
seems like man would* have obeyed God, but man continued 
;o sin and there came a time when something had to be 
ione^ Man had become so wicked and sinful that there 
was only one way that God could save him. Do you know 
tfhat God did? He sent His only begotten Son to visit 
nan as a little baby boy. An angel of God came to a 
young woman named Mary and told her she would have a 
^on and that she should call His name Jesus; "for He 
shall save His people from their sins." 

"And she brought forth her first born son and 
wrapped him in swaddling clothes and laid him in a 
manger, because there was no room for them in the inn." 

"And there were in the same country shepherds abid- 
ing in the field, keeping watch over their flock by 
night. (Continued on page 15)